Nawanagar was an Indian princely state in the historical Halar region, located on the southern shores of the Gulf of Kutch. It was ruled by the Jadeja dynasty from its formation in c 1540 until 1948 when it became a part of newly formed India. The city is now known as Jamnagar. It had an area of 3,791 square miles (9,820 km2) and a population estimated at 336,779 in 1901. Its rulers, who used the title of "Jam Saheb" were Samma (tribe) of the same clan as the Rao of Kutch. They were entitled to a 13-gun salute. The state flag was a rectangular red flag with a white elephant, near and facing the hoist. During the British Raj, the state was part of the Kathiawar Agency, within the Gujarat Division of Bombay Presidency.
|Princely State of British India|
Navanagar, part of Bombay Presidency, 1909
|9,820 km2 (3,790 sq mi)|
|Today part of||Gujarat state of India|
|Nawanagar (Princely State)|
The state had a pearl fishery and much of its wealth came from this. Nawanagar is also famous for its former ruler Jam Saheb Ranjitsinhji (died 1933), who was a famous cricket player at Cambridge in England before his accession to the throne.
Nawanagar was founded in 1540 by Jam Sri Rawalji, a descendant of the Jadeja ruler of Kutch, and was thereafter in an almost constant state of war with its neighbours and with the Mughal Empire. Two such major war was the Battle of Mithoi and Battle of Bhuchar Mori fought in 1591. The "Walker Treaty of 1807" brought peace to the Kathiawar states for the first time in several generations. Nawanagar came under British protection on 22 February 1812.
K. S. Ranjitsinhji was one of the world's greatest cricket players and, later, became Jam Saheb in 1907 until 1933. The inclusive circle of eight players promoted excellence in cricket, both in the county and domestic games. After his death, Ranji Trophy, a domestic first-class cricket championship played in India between different city and state sides, was started in 1934 by Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI).
Jam Saheb Shri Sir Ranjitsinhji remained the chancellor of the Chamber of Princes (1931–1933). After his death, in 1933, he was succeeded by his nephew Jam Saheb Shri Sir Digvijaysinhji, who became its chancellor (1937–1944) and continued to promote the octet circle in excellence in cricket, academics and welfare. In 1942 the Maharaja set up a refugee camp for Polish children in Balachadi.
Nawanagar was one of the first princely states to sign the Instrument of Accession in 1948 after Indian independence. Afterwards, the former ruler, Digvijaysinhji, served as the first Rajpramukh of Kathiawad, then represented his country at the United Nations.
In 1949, the former princely states of Nawanagar and Dhrol, Jalia Dewani in Kathiawar merged into the new state of Saurashtra. On 19 June 1959, the boundaries of the district were enlarged by the inclusion of the adjoining Okhamandal, and the district was renamed Jamnagar. This district became part of the new state of Gujarat on the division of the State of Bombay on 1 May 1960.
Rulers (Jam Saheb)Edit
|1540 – 1562||Rawalji Lakhaji||1562|
|1562 – 1569||Vibhaji Rawalji||1569|
|1569 – 1608||Sataji Vibhaji||1608|
|1608 – 1624||Jasaji Sataji||1624|
|1624 – 1645||Lakhaji Ajaji||1645|
|1645 – 1661||Ranmalji Lakhaji||1661|
|1661 – 1664||Raisinhji Lakhaji|
|1664 – 1673||Interregnum|
|1673 – 1690||Tamachi Rainsinhji|
|2 October 1690 – 13 October 1708||Lakhaji Tamachi||1708|
|13 October 1708 – 13 August 1711||Raisinhji Lakhaji||1711|
|13 August 1711 – 1743||Tamachi Raisinhji||1743|
|September 1743 - 2 November 1767||Lakhaji Tamachi||1743||1767|
|2 November 1767 – 6 August 1814||Jasaji Lakhaji||1814|
|6 August 1814 – 24 February 1820||Sataji ll Lakhaji||1820|
|24 February 1820 – 22 February 1852||Ranmalji Sataji ll||1852|
|22 February 1852 – 28 April 1895||Vibhaji II Ranmalji||1827||1895|
|28 April 1895 – 14 August 1906||Jashwantsinhji Vibhaji II||1882||1906|
|12 March 1907 – 2 April 1933||Ranjitsinhji Vibhaji II||1872||1933|
|2 April 1933 – 15 August 1947||Digvijaysinhji Ranjitsinhji||1895||1966|
|3 February 1966 – 28 December 1971||Shatrushalyasinhji Digvijaysinhji||1939||living|
The Maharaja Jamsaheb of Nawanagar were also known for their Jewellery collection; especially Ranjithsinhji, whose Emerald collection according to Jacques Cartier was "unequaled in the world, if not in quantity, then certainly in quality". The collection included an emerald and pearl necklace, an art deco emerald and diamond necklace designed by Jacques Cartier, and an Emerald collar or choker also designed by Jacques Cartier.
The currency of Nawanagar was the kori - which means sea-shell in many Indian languages. The kori was subdivided into dokdo. Larger coins of 2.5 kori and 5 kori were also minted in the 20th century. The Nawanagar silver kori had a weight of 4.7 grams and carried the words 'Shree Jamji' in Devanagari script. The year (frozen) was 978 (Islamic calendar)
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 317–318. .
- "Nawanagar State". The Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 18. Oxford Clarendon Press, London. 1909. p. 419.
- "Sir Ranjitsinhji Vibhaji, Maharaja Jam Saheb of Nawānagar". Britannica.com.
- "Emerald Necklaces of the Maharajah of Nawanagar".
- Nadelhoffer, Hans (2007). Cartier. Chronicle Books. p. 169. ISBN 0-8118-6099-X.
- Eye of the Tiger