Nawabganj, Unnao

Nawabganj is a town and nagar panchayat in Hasanganj tehsil of Unnao district, Uttar Pradesh, India.[1] It is located northeast of Unnao on the Lucknow-Kanpur road, near the Ajgain railway station.[2] Founded in 1842[2] and first officially classified as a town for the 1981 census,[3] Nawabganj once served as the seat of a tehsil under the Nawabs of Awadh[2] and is today the headquarters of a community development block containing 124 villages.[1]

Nawabganj
Map of Nawabganj CD block
Map of Nawabganj CD block
Nawabganj is located in Uttar Pradesh
Nawabganj
Nawabganj
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 26°37′16″N 80°40′06″E / 26.6210°N 80.6683°E / 26.6210; 80.6683Coordinates: 26°37′16″N 80°40′06″E / 26.6210°N 80.6683°E / 26.6210; 80.6683
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictUnnao
Established1842
Area
 • Total1.62 km2 (0.63 sq mi)
Elevation
93 m (305 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total11,545
 • Density7,100/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
209859
Vehicle registrationUP-35
WebsiteNpnawabganj.com

Nawabganj is the site of Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary, which was established in 1984 at the site of a local lake.[1] Designated as a protected Ramsar site since September 2019, the sanctuary is home to over 25,000 birds (including both resident and migratory populations) across some 220 species.[4] Among the species present are the endangered Egyptian vulture and Pallas's fish eagle, as well as the vulnerable lesser adjutant and woolly-necked stork.[4] Additionally, the sanctuary is home to larger mammals including the golden jackal and the jungle cat.[4]

Nawabganj hosts a large annual fair at the end of Chait in honour of the goddesses Durga Devi and Kusahri Devi.[2] The fair is one of the largest in the district, drawing visitors from Lucknow and Kanpur.[2] The Durga temple is in Nawabganj, while the Kusahri temple is in the neighbouring village of Kusumbhi to the north.[2] Major products manufactured in Nawabganj include fireworks, jaggery, and sweets.[1] As of 2011, the town's population is 11,545, in 1,985 households.[1]

HistoryEdit

Nawabganj was founded in 1842 by Amin-ud-Daulah, the prime minister of Oudh State, who also built a sarai and mosque here.[2] Naubat Rai, the state's treasurer, was responsible for the construction of the tank.[2] Under the Nawabs of Awadh, Nawabganj was the seat of a tehsil and also had a thana, but it declined in importance after the tehsil was relocated and the population shrank as a result: it was 3,123 in 1869, but by 1891 it had fallen to 2,840.[2] The 1901 census recorded a population of 2,789, including a Muslim minority of about one-sixth of the total.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1981 5,597—    
1991 7,691+37.4%
2001 9,840+27.9%
2011 11,545+17.3%
Source: 2011 Census of India[1]

According to the 2011 census, Nawabganj has a population of 11,545 people, in 1,985 households.[1] The town's sex ratio is 934 females to every 1000 males; 5,968 of Nawabganj's residents are male (51.7%) and 5,577 are female (48.3%).[1] The 0-6 age group makes up about 12.7% of the town's population; among this group, the sex ratio is 964, which is higher than the district urban average of 903.[1] Members of Scheduled Castes make up 23.55% of the town's population and members of Scheduled Tribes make up 1.22%.[1] The proportion of scheduled tribes in Nawabganj is the highest among towns in Unnao district.[1] The town's literacy rate was 70.6% (counting only people age 7 and up); literacy was higher among men and boys (75.2%) than among women and girls (65.6%).[1] The corresponding gap of 17.3% was the highest among towns in the district.[1] The scheduled castes literacy rate is 57.2% (63.5% among men and boys, and 50.7% among women and girls).[1]

In terms of employment, 25.2% of Nawabganj residents were classified as main workers (i.e. people employed for at least 6 months per year) in 2011.[1] Marginal workers (i.e. people employed for less than 6 months per year) made up 3.1%, and the remaining 71.7% were non-workers.[1] Employment status varied substantially according to gender, with 49.8% of men being either main or marginal workers, compared to only 5.3% of women.[1]

TransportEdit

The train station is at the nearby village of Kusambi, 1.5 km[1] north of Nawabganj.[2] There are 7.4 km of roads in the town, and it is connected by bus routes with other towns.[1]

CommunicationsEdit

Nawabganj's PIN code is 209859 and its postal head office is Nawabganj (Unnao).

TourismEdit

Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary, a bird sanctuary (chandra shekhar azad) and nature reserve, is located near the town. Shri Durga Mata temple is located in the town. Shri Kushahari Mata temple is 3 k.m. away from the town near kusumbhi railway station.

VillagesEdit

Nawabganj CD block has the following 124 villages:[1]

Village name Total land area (hectares) Population (in 2011)
Birsingh Pur 1.3 6,190
Shahpur 180 739
Bhademoo 121 938
Raipur Gadhi 61.5 1,886
Dilwal 57.1 1,337
Birsindhi Maletha 443.5 2,215
Nana Tikur 190.8 1,817
Athari 65.8 583
Piprosa 145.9 1,170
Sindhuriya 137.4 608
Bhaoli 0 11,171
Jansar 781.5 4,573
Dariyapur 180 1,606
Baharuddeen Pur 138.5 1,283
Sadhira 226.1 1,812
Jalal 117.4 614
Jatkherwa 91.9 447
Pakri Gawan 115 629
Ajijpur 156.3 1,158
Rainapur 155.2 1,250
Itkuti 249.2 1,574
Teliyani 84.8 422
Shekhpur 106.1 502
Mahatwani 80 1,042
Mundera 184.1 769
Dahraoli 87.2 919
Saraosa 301 1,376
Ajaiya Khera 102.2 792
Kasanda 83.4 629
Jagdeeshpur 507.7 2,762
Bichpri 108.5 2,104
Chamaraoli 278.2 3,731
Rahamatpur 39.9 784
Pali 364.4 1,480
Chilaola 22.5 828
Sewara 77.4 785
Marocha 139.2 594
Makur 841.1 4,306
Chak Aima 19.8 0
Amramau 140.1 222
Kushumbhi 902.5 5,453
Ajgain 324.4 8,296
Malaon 428.9 3,878
Baruwa 121.7 769
Khwajgipur 64.2 583
Kewana 650.8 4,246
Salonepur 86.2 567
Gauri 92.7 873
Dewara 107 503
Sarai Indal 119.9 1,083
Korara 119.9 875
Kharehra 200.1 700
Kunjpur 185.8 1,434
Gaora Katherua 0 2,624
Sikunderpur 114.9 735
Tikwamau 101.5 696
Jaitipur 134.1 5,150
Rampur 101.6 796
Makhdoompur 527.2 1,114
Amretha 138.8 1,086
Pachiyanw 256 0
Ravanhar 125.2 907
Etbarpur 171.5 1,061
Sersa 452 2,321
Salempur 115.4 1,173
Madoo Khera 220.7 1,419
Khajoori 84.6 189
Kushehri 62 1,569
Parsandan 678.7 3,946
Sarai Joga 42.4 3,023
Jahangeerabad 83.2 900
Barela 164.1 875
Pirhri 118 578
Bhitrepar 158.9 862
Baheriya Bujurg 112.9 348
Kateharo 88.7 934
Baheriya Khurd 156.4 833
Paithar 296 1,598
Marwai Naimpur 264 1,545
Gokulpur 93 684
Devipur 56.3 491
Jagdeesh Pur 125.8 437
Mohammad Pur 135.7 894
Nadauha 184.9 1,105
Rudrawara 167.7 1,403
Kapoor Khera 69.4 724
Himmat Garh 388.4 2,663
Raipur Khelamao 183.6 1,449
Mauhari 149.5 1,207
Ashakhera 216.5 4,950
Bichpari 0 583
Bhainsora 0 2,021
Dhakhiya 43.8 342
Mirjapur 134.2 980
Arjunamau 146 1,923
Saroti 195.4 1,264
Shahampur 36.8 0
Nibahari Kalyanpur 121.9 794
Bajeharo 231.8 1,198
Matiyamao 99 754
Soharamao 122.4 2,181
Lalpur 165.8 793
Rasulpur 67.1 1,326
Mahnora 613 2,857
Chak Sohramao 29.9 662
Hasnapur 105.5 917
Hinora 61.2 508
Tendewa Heera Kuddi 199.1 1,672
Banduwa 33.2 0
Balhaumao 232.2 1,228
Shekhpur 158.5 1,250
Patkapur 124.6 672
Kakraha Pathraha 96.8 719
Kotwan 155.8 883
Ranipur 178.6 1,525
Devaya Mavaya 93.7 302
Paraura 99.8 572
Wajidpur 64.4 457
Majhgawan 49.7 1
Naugawan 58.1 347
Salarpur 107.1 374
Dhanni Khera 102.4 486
Gaurenda 129.8 1,291

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "Census of India 2011: Uttar Pradesh District Census Handbook - Unnao, Part A (Village and Town Directory)". Census 2011 India. pp. iii, 36–55, 237–61, 525–44. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Nevill, H.R. (1903). Unao: A Gazetteer, Being Volume XXXVIII Of The District Gazetteers Of The United Provinces Of Agra And Oudh. Allahabad: Government Press. p. 210. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  3. ^ Census 1981 Uttar Pradesh: District Census Handbook Part XIII-A: Village & Town Directory, District Unnao (PDF). 1982. pp. 15, 348–51. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  4. ^ a b c "Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 3 February 2020.