Navotas

  (Redirected from Navotas City)

Navotas, officially the City of Navotas (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Navotas), is a 1st class highly urbanized city in Metropolitan Manila, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 249,463 people. [3]

Navotas
City of Navotas
Aerial view of Navotas
Aerial view of Navotas
Official seal of Navotas
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Commercial Fishing Hub of the Philippines
Motto(s): 
Itaas ang antas ng Buhay-Navoteño (Raise the Level of the Navoteño Life)
Anthem: Himno ng Navotas; English: Navotas Hymn
Map of Metro Manila with Navotas highlighted
Map of Metro Manila with Navotas highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Navotas is located in Philippines
Navotas
Navotas
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°40′00″N 120°56′30″E / 14.6667°N 120.9417°E / 14.6667; 120.9417Coordinates: 14°40′00″N 120°56′30″E / 14.6667°N 120.9417°E / 14.6667; 120.9417
Country Philippines
RegionNational Capital Region (NCR)
Provincenone
DistrictLone district
CharteredDecember 20, 1827
Cityhood and HUCJune 24, 2007
Barangays18 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorTobias Reynald M. Tiangco (Partido Navoteño/HNP)
 • Vice MayorClint Nicolas B. Geronimo (Partido Navoteño/PDP-Laban)
 • CongressmanJohn Reynald M. Tiangco (Partido Navoteño/HNP)
 • Councilors
 • Electorate145,806 voters (2019)
Area
[2]
 • Total10.77 km2 (4.16 sq mi)
Area rank144th out of 145
Population
 (2015 census) [3]
 • Total249,463
 • Density23,000/km2 (60,000/sq mi)
 • Households
56,260
Demonym(s)Navoteño
Economy
 • Income class1st city income class
 • Poverty incidence5.5% (2015)[4]
 • Revenue₱941,848,230.31 (2016)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
1409, 1411–1413, 1485, 1489–1490
PSGC
137503000[5]
IDD:area code+63 (0)2
Climate typetropical monsoon climate
Native languagesTagalog
Websitewww.navotas.gov.ph

It is known as the Commercial Fishing Hub of the Philippines where the city has the third largest fish port in Asia and the largest in Southeast Asia. Although it was established on December 20, 1827, Navotas celebrates its foundation day every January 16. Navotas became a highly urbanized city on June 24, 2007.[6]

EtymologyEdit

The entire region of Navotas was once part of Malabon. According to one legend, the long and narrow delta extended unbroken from north to south along the seashore. The strip of land between the former district of Tondo, Manila and this town was eaten away by the sea until an opening was made. Water began to flow through the opening. The geographical change prompted the people to refer to the place as "butas", "nayon ng butas", or "nabutas", a Tagalog word that means breached or pierced through. What began as a natural channel developed into a regular waterway, now known as the Navotas River. In later years, the place came to be known as "Nabotas", then "Navotas".

It was also known as Hacienda de Navotas; it was once owned by the Dominican friars until it was sold to the Pascual family during the early days of the American regime and developed into a residential estate.

San Jose de Navotas was the name given to the locality after its patron saint, Saint Joseph. On June 11, 1859, a "Superior Decreto" established a new parish and municipality under the supervision of Friar Matias Navoa. The populace was divided into two distinct groups, the naturales (locals) and the mestizos. Mariano Estrellas was the gobernadorcillo (petty governor) of the naturales and Mariano Israel, of the mestizos. Today, because records are incomplete, recognition is only given to the gobernadorcillos for the mestizos. A school in honor of San Jose was built and known as "San Jose Academy."

HistoryEdit

All that I have above related having taken place, it was decided to make peace with the nearest villages, some of whom had come to beg it from the governor, and others would not. Among those who would not come was a village called Butas, situated on an inlet on the other side of the river flowing past Manilla, and about a league and a half away. This village, uniting with the others near by, sent word that they did not wish peace or friendship with the governor; and had the boldness to come as far as the village of Alcandora [ie Lakandula], quite close to Manilla, whence they sent defiance to the governor and the captains.

—Unknown writer, Relation on Conquest of the Island of Luzon (1572)[7]

Historical timelineEdit

  • December 20, 1827 – The movement for separation of Navotas which was then a part of Malabon (Tambobong).
  • February 16, 1859 – The date when the barrios of San Jose, Navotas and Bangculasi were separated from Malabon.
  • 1859 – Cavada, the year when Navotas became an independent town.
  • August 6, 1898 – Navotas joined the revolutionary government of General Emilio Aguinaldo.
  • June 11, 1901 – Navotas was eventually incorporated into the newly created province of Rizal enacted Act. No. 137.
  • 1904 – the town was again merged with Malabon. Bernardo Dagala, a native of Navotas, was elected municipal president.
  • January 16, 1906 – Navotas finally became an independent municipality with the enactment of Act No. 1442 which separated it from Malabon.
  • November 7, 1975 – Navotas was transferred from the Province of Rizal to the newly formed National Capital Region or Metro Manila, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824.[8]
  • June 24, 2007 – Navotas became a highly urbanized city by virtue of Republic Act No. 9387 dated March 10, 2007, after a plebiscite was conducted.
  • March 15, 2020 – the city and the entire metropolitan Manila was placed under community quarantine for one month due to the 2020 coronavirus pandemic.

GeographyEdit

TopographyEdit

Navotas is a coastal town in the northwest part of Metro Manila. It is a narrow strip of land with an aggregated shoreline of approximately 4.5 km. In the north, Navotas shares a common border with the town of Obando, Bulacan, along Sukol Creek which separates it from Balt. Along the eastern border runs the Binuangan River, the Daang Cawayan River, the Dampalit River, the Batasan River, the Navotas River, the Bangculasi Channel, the Malabon Channel and the Estero de Maypajo.

It is bordered on the north by Obando, Bulacan along Sukol Creek; on the south by the city of Manila; on the east by Daang Binuangan River, Bangkulasi Channel, Malabon Channel and Estero de Maypajo; and on the west by Manila Bay.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Navotas City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
34
(93)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
31
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
(0.3)
7
(0.3)
9
(0.4)
21
(0.8)
101
(4.0)
152
(6.0)
188
(7.4)
170
(6.7)
159
(6.3)
115
(4.5)
47
(1.9)
29
(1.1)
1,005
(39.7)
Average rainy days 3.3 3.5 11.1 8.1 18.9 23.5 26.4 25.5 24.5 19.6 10.4 6.4 181.2
Source: Meteoblue [9]
 
Political map of Navotas

Navotas is politically subdivided into 2 districts, with a total of 18 barangays:

BarangaysEdit

Barangays of Navotas
Administration Population Miscellany
Barangay[10] District Barangay Captain[11] 2010 2015 [3] 5 year Change Zip Code
Bagumbayan North 1st Normita S. Santiago 2,579 2,652 −2.75%
Bagumbayan South 1st Gregorio C. Dela Cruz 5,051 4,524 +11.65%
Bangkulasi (Bangculasi)[a] 1st Virginia S. Gatbunton 7,954 8,263 −3.74%
Daanghari 2nd Rolando B. Trinidad 16,894 19,179 −11.91%
Navotas East 1st Danilo O. Dela Cruz 2,214 2,241 −1.20%
Navotas West 1st Carlito R. Kangken 6,108 8,698 −29.78%
NBBS Dagat-dagatan (Northbay Boulevard South) 1st
NBBS Kaunlaran (Northbay Boulevard South)[b] 1st Elvis A. Ayuda 70,934 68,375 +3.74%
NBBS Proper (Northbay Boulevard South) 1st
Northbay Boulevard North 1st Melvin F. Manalo 14,134 16,201 −12.76%
San Jose (Poblacion) 2nd Amos Rey C. Hechanova 25,581 28,153 −9.14% 1485
San Rafael Village 1st George U. So 3,595 3,530 +1.84%
San Roque 2nd Bernildo P. Ocampo 19,641 17,916 +9.63%
Sipac-Almacen 1st Antonio Brainardo P. Linang 8,635 11,541 −25.18%
Tangos North 2nd 1489
Tangos South[c] 2nd Armando C. Roque 36,926 32,941 +12.10% 1489
Tanza 1[d] 2nd Carlito M. De Guzman 29,217 24,917 +17.26% 1490
Tanza 2 2nd
City of Navotas 249,463 249,131 +0.13%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority – Philippine Standard Geographic Code – City of Navotas – Barangays

Navotas EastEdit

Navotas East is bounded by Barangay Sipac-Almacen to the north, Barangay Tañong of Malabon (via Estrella Bridge over Navotas River) to the east, Barangay Navotas West to the west, and Brgy. Bagumbayan North to the south. Their patron saint is San Ildefonso.[citation needed]

San JoseEdit

 
San Jose de Navotas Church

The name of Barangay San Jose was derived from San Jose de Navotas Parish, the very first place of worship in the town.[citation needed]

San RoqueEdit

Barangay San Roque is bounded by Tangos South to the northwest and north, Tangos North and Tanza, Navotas (via Badeo 5) to the northeast, Brgy. Hulong Duhat, Malabon and Brgy. Flores, Malabon in Malabon City to the east (via Navotas River, Badeo 4), Manila Bay to the west and Brgy. Daanghari to the south. Its name is derived from San Roque de Navotas Parish, the very first place of worship in the town.[citation needed]

It is famous for its annual fiesta, every last Saturday and Sunday of the month of January. Every fiesta the whole barangay (including Brgy's Tangos North and Tangos South) is filled with stalls and stores. Also every fiesta of San Roque, A. Dela Cruz St. is full of stalls which sell kalamay, from Batangas.[citation needed]

Sipac-AlmacenEdit

Barangay Sipac-Almacen is famous for the location of the Navotas City Hall and some points of interest like Navotas National High School, the main high school of Navotas, Navotas Playground, Jollibee, McDonald's and others.[citation needed]

Former barangaysEdit

Until 2018 Navotas had 14 barangays.

Northbay Boulevard SouthEdit

In accordance with Republic Act No. 10933,[12] approved by President Rodrigo Duterte on August 23, 2017 and ratified in a plebiscite on January 5, 2018, Northbay Boulevard South was divided into Barangays NBBS Kaunlaran, NBBS Dagat-dagatan, and NBBS Proper.[13][14]

TangosEdit

Pursuant to Republic Act No. 10934,[15] approved by President Rodrigo Duterte on August 23, 2017 and ratified in a plebiscite on January 5, 2018, Tangos was divided into Barangays Tangos North and Tangos South.[13][14]

TanzaEdit

Barangay Tanza occupied the northernmost portion of the city, including Isla Pulo which is separated from the city proper, and was bounded by Barangay Binuangan and Salambao in Obando, Bulacan to the north, Manila Bay and Barangay San Roque to the west, Barangay Hulong Duhat and Dampalit, Malabon to the east, and Barangay Tangos to the south.

By virtue of Republic Act No. 10935,[16] approved by President Rodrigo Duterte on August 23, 2017 and ratified in a plebiscite on January 5, 2018, Tanza was divided into Barangays Tanza 1 and Tanza 2.[13][14]

Both Tanza 1 and Tanza 2 are accessible via Badeo 5 in Barangay San Roque, Navotas and the Tanza-Malabon Bridge in Barangay Hulong Duhat in Malabon.

DemographicsEdit

Population census of Navotas
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 11,688—    
1918 13,454+0.94%
1939 20,861+2.11%
1948 28,889+3.68%
1960 49,262+4.55%
1970 83,245+5.38%
1975 97,098+3.14%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 126,146+5.37%
1990 187,479+4.04%
1995 229,039+3.82%
2000 230,403+0.13%
2007 245,344+0.87%
2010 249,131+0.56%
2015 249,463+0.03%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][17][18][19]

EconomyEdit

Fishing and AquacultureEdit

Navotas has been dubbed as the Fishing Capital of the Philippines.[20][21]

Shipbuilding and repairEdit

In the ship repair sector, the Navotas complex in Metro Manila is expected to accommodate 96 vessels for repair.[22]

City governmentEdit

 
Navotas City Hall

Political profileEdit

With regards to the separation of Navotas from Malabon in 1859 and the organization thereof as a distinct municipality or "pueblo" with its own government and church, this town was headed by the governadorcillos who exercised executive and judicial functions. However, as this locality was composed of two groups the naturales and the mestizos, each of which had its own governadorcillo appointed by the governor-general who was the supreme authority in all local matters, since the inhabitants did not allow choosing their officials. This political system was somehow revoked at the end of the Spanish Regime through the Maura Law of 1883, which guided some of the selected officials to the supervision of an insular authority. During the revolutionary period (from 1898–1902), as the democratic system of local governance was being established via the First Philippines Republic and Malolos Constitution, people of Navotas with high character, social position and honorable conduct gathered in a meeting and elected the chief of the town, the headman of the barrio (barangay) and three officials viz., for police and internal order, justice and civil registry, and taxes and property. In this situation, these elected officials constitute an assembly wherein the chief of the town was the president, the headman, the vice-president, and the justice officer the secretary. In this period, the name of Navotas LGU and its head were changed from "pueblo to municipality" and from "President to Mayor". Philippine Commission, which exercised supervision over local government, appointed the first local official. Gradually, election of officials was allowed.

During the period of the Philippine Commonwealth (from 1935–1945), the 1935 constitution ushered. This provided that the President of the Philippines should exercise general supervision over all local governments. This allowed Navotas to have three leaders. This trend from 1946 to 1972 (during the second Philippine Republic) was toward decentralization. Congress passed laws giving more autonomy to Local Government Units through the grant of additional powers and lessening of national control affairs. This created four (4) Mayors of Navotas. During the Martial Law Period, President Marcos had changed the structure and functions of LGU's, thus decentralization suffered the set back with the concentration of power on his hands. After December 31, 1975 (expiration of tenure of office of the local elective officials), the President assumed the power of appointment of the officials as authorized by the people in a referendum held on February 27, 1975. During the Marcos Regime, Navotas had two Mayors.

Navotas was proclaimed as a full-fledged city by virtue of RA 9387[23] that converted the municipality of Navotas into a highly urbanized city. A plebiscite was held on June 24, 2007 which was ratified the conversion of Navotas into a highly urbanized city.

EducationEdit

 
The Main Building of the Navotas Polytechnic College.

Navotas has 15 public elementary schools and 6 public secondary schools including Navotas National High School and Kaunlaran High School.[24] The Navotas Polytechnic College located at the North Bay Boulevard South in Kaunlaran Village is owned and operated by the city.

TransportationEdit

Transportation in Navotas are composed of different vehicles.

Notable people/groupsEdit

Twin towns / Sister citiesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The official website of the City of Navotas spells the barangay's name as "Bangkulasi" (which is also depicted in the barangay's seal that is shown by the website), while the Philippine Statistics Authority spells the name as "Bangculasi."
  2. ^ Population figures refer to the former barangay of Northbay Boulevard South, which was divided into NBBS Dagat-dagatan, NBBS Kaunlaran, and NBBS Proper in 2018.
  3. ^ Population figures refer to the former barangay of Tangos, which was divided into Tangos North and Tangos South in 2018.
  4. ^ Population figures refer to the former barangay of Tanza, which was divided into Tanza 1 and Tanza 2 in 2018.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^
  2. ^ "Report No3  – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF), 2015 Census of Population, PSA, 2016, ISSN 0117-1453, archived (PDF) from the original on October 25, 2020CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  3. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  5. ^ Philippine Standard Geographic Code, PSA
  6. ^ "Navotas Becomes Metro Manila's Newest City". Inquirer.net. Archived from the original on June 28, 2007. Retrieved June 24, 2007.
  7. ^ Blair, Emma (1906). The Philippine Islands, 1493–1898. 3. Arthur H. Clark Company. p. 135.
  8. ^ "Presidential Decree No. 824 November 7, 1975. Creating the Metropolitan Manila and the Metropolitan Manila Commission and for Other Purposes". lawphil.net. Arellano Law Foundation. November 7, 1975. Archived from the original on March 12, 2016. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  9. ^ "Navotas: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  10. ^ "Our Barangays". City of Navotas official website. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
  11. ^ "Baranggay Officials Database". bod.ncr.dilg.gov.ph.
  12. ^ "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10933, August 23, 2017". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
  13. ^ a b c Bueza, Michael (December 28, 2017). "Barangay Plebiscites in Navotas, Occ. Mindoro Town on January 5". Rappler. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
  14. ^ a b c Villamente, Jing (January 8, 2018). "Navotas Voters OK Creation of 4 Villages". The Manila Times. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
  15. ^ "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10934, August 23, 2017". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved May 22, 2020.
  16. ^ "REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10935, August 23, 2017". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved March 17, 2020.
  17. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  18. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  19. ^ "Province of Metro Manila, 3rd (Not a Province)". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  20. ^ Mongaya, Candeze (July 27, 2017). "Bulungan at the Navotas Fish Complex". Archived from the original on July 27, 2017.
  21. ^ Lumaque, Leonard Brian L.; Lopez, Ahvie A.; Comedis, Emily (2015). Navotas: Sharing their Fishing Culture (PDF). Proceedings of the DLSU Research Congress. 3.
  22. ^ De Leon, Max V. (November 22, 2012). "Filipino Firm Invests P259M for Shipyard in Navotas". Business Mirror. Archived from the original on December 16, 2012. Retrieved January 12, 2013.
  23. ^ "Republic Act No. 9387: An Act Conventing the Municipality of Navotas into a Highly Urbanized City to be Known as the City of Navotas". The Corpus Juris. The Corpus Juris. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  24. ^ "Schools List" (PDF). Navotas City Website. Retrieved January 23, 2015.[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit