Navoiy (Uzbek pronunciation: [nævɒij]), also spelled Navoi, is a city and the capital of Navoiy Region in the southwestern part of Uzbekistan. Administratively, it is a district-level city, that includes the urban-type settlement Tinchlik.[3] It is located at latitude 40° 5' 4N; longitude 65° 22' 45E, at an altitude of 382 meters. The city is named after Ali-Shir Nava'i. As of 2020, its population was 144,158 inhabitants.[2]

Навоий (Uzbek)
Navoi is located in Uzbekistan
Location in Uzbekistan
Navoi is located in Asia
Navoi (Asia)
Coordinates: 40°05′04″N 65°22′45″E / 40.08444°N 65.37917°E / 40.08444; 65.37917
Country Uzbekistan
RegionNavoiy Region
DistrictKarmana District
City statusSeptember 3, 1958
 • Hokim (governor)Ergashev Dilmurod[1]
 • Total35 km2 (14 sq mi)
382 m (1,253 ft)
 • Total144,158
 • Density4,100/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
Postal Code
Area code+998-79

History edit

Originally known as Kermine (or Karmana) under the Emirate of Bukhara, the city was re-founded in 1958, under the name of the great Uzbek poet and statesman Alisher Navoi, who wrote in Persian and Chaghatai at the court of Emir Husein Boykara (or Husayn Bayqaro) in Herat.

Even though the town is very young, it has rich history in this area and its surroundings. The Great Silk Road went through these countries in ancient times. The archeological researches in the area have also produced findings of numerous traces of Ancient Saki, Khorezm and Baktriya cultures.[4][5]

Government edit

List of hokims (governors) of Navoiy City
No. Hokim Took office Left office Ref.
1 Bahodir Joʻrayev 2013
2 Neʼmatillo Axatov 2013 2017 [6]
3 Umarbek Xalilov 2017 2020 [7]
4 Muxiddin Bazarov 2020 Incumbent [1]
5 Ergashev Dilmurod 2023 [8]

Population edit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
2001 138,082—    
2005 125,500−2.36%
2007 125,800+0.12%
2015 133,540+0.75%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2016 133,526−0.01%
2017 134,113+0.44%
2018 135,548+1.07%
2019 136,374+0.61%

Main sites edit

  • The Rabati Malik is a heavily fortified 11th century caravanserai built by the Karakhanid ruler Abu’l Hasan Shams al Mulk Nasr to protect Silk Road merchants, their animals, and trade goods at night.[10] The building is on UNESCO’s Tentative List for World Heritage Site status, along with Sardoba Malik, the domed reservoir which supplied the caravanserai with water.[11] Rabati Malik is largely in ruins due to an earthquake in 1968, but the 12m high portal still stands and has been partially restored, as has the reservoir dome. The portal is decorated with carved terracotta, including eight-pointed stars and Arabic calligraphy.[11]
  • The Deggaroniy Mausoleum is the burial place of the theologian Mavlono Orif Deggaroniy (1313–76), teacher of Khoja Bahauddin Naqshbandi.[10] It is a simple mud brick building with low domes, and is a place of pilgrimage for Naqshbandi Sufis.
  • The Mir Said Bakhrom Mausoleum is a simple brick built mausoleum dating from the 11th century.[10] The building is an important architectural prototype, with certain similarities to the Samanid Mausoleum in Bukhara. The portal is decorated with a Kufic inscription made from raised bricks, and the saint’s grave is covered with marble. The building is on UNESCO’s Tentative List for World Heritage Site status.[11]
    Interior of the Kosim Sheikh Mausoleum in Navoiy, Uzbekistan
    The Kasim Sheikh complex was built in the 16th century by Abdulla Khan, Emir of Bukhara, as a khanagha, a hostel for wandering Sufi holy men.[10] The mosque at the khanagha is now used as Navoi’s main mosque, but it is open to the public. There is an attractive turquoise dome and majolica tile work on the exterior of the building, and the interior is painted in geometric patterns in shades of blue.
  • Adventist Church is the first and only Seventh-day Adventist church in the city of Navoi and it was built between 1996 and 2001.[12][13]
Navoiy Central Market, Navoiy, Uzbekistan
  • Navoi Bazaar is the city’s main market. It is a huge, mostly covered market with different areas dedicated to fresh fruit and vegetables, dried goods, bread and pastries, meat, etc.

Economy edit

Navoiy Region has large stocks of natural gas and deposits of precious metals, as well as large stocks of raw materials for production of construction materials. Among enterprises there are Navoi and Zarafshan Gold Mining and Metallurgical Complexes, which extract one of the purest golds in the world. The enterprise NavoiyAzot is the largest producer of mineral fertilizers in the country.

Navoiy Free Industrial Economic Zone (FIEZ) edit

The Navoi Free Industrial Economic Zone (FIEZ) with special conditions for foreign investments was created in Navoi Region of Uzbekistan, nearby Navoiy International Airport. It is due to operate for 30 years.

Businesses in FIEZ enjoy favourable customs, currency and tax regulations and simplified procedures for entry, stay and obtaining of work permit for non-resident citizens. They are exempt from taxes for a period depending on the amount of direct investments:

  • from 3 to 10 million dollars – for 7 years;
  • from 10 to 30 million dollars – for 10 years, with reduction of profit and unified tax payment rates by 50% in the next 5 years;
  • more than 30 million dollars – for 15 years, with reduction of profit and unified tax payment rates by 50% in the next 10 years.
  • Along with this, business entities will be exempted from paying customs duties (excluding charges for customs clearance) for equipment, raw materials and components imported for the production of export oriented goods. They will be able to make payments in foreign currency within the FIEZ, as well as to use convenient terms of payments for exported and imported goods.

Management of the FIEZ will be by an Administrative Council which may select an international company to manage the zone on a contract basis. A FIEZ development fund aimed to support infrastructure development is also planned.

13 joint ventures operate in Navoi FIEZ which produce car components, ADSL modems, LED lamps, cosmetics, diapers, and other products.[14]

Transportation edit

The Zone will be located at a distance of 800 meters from the highway E-40, 1,8 km from the cargo terminal of Navoiy Airport, connected to international railway routes towards countries of Europe (via Russia), South Asia (via China), Middle East and the Gulf (via Iran). The distance to the nearest water and gas distribution centres is 800 m, electrical station – 8 km.

Climate edit

Navoiy has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) bordering on a cold desert climate (Köppen BWk), characterised by hot to sweltering and arid summers, alongside chilly winters with frequent light precipitation.

Climate data for Navoiy (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 6.8
Average low °C (°F) −1.2
Average precipitation mm (inches) 28.1
Average precipitation days 10 10 10 8 6 2 1 1 1 4 7 8 68
Source: Centre of Hydrometeorological Service of Uzbekistan[15]

References edit

  1. ^ a b "Navoiy shahar hokimligi". 28 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b Uzbekistan,
  3. ^ "Classification system of territorial units of the Republic of Uzbekistan" (in Uzbek and Russian). The State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan on statistics. July 2020.
  4. ^ "Navoi is the real oasis in the steppe - Samarkand Tours Operator". Archived from the original on 2020-12-05.
  5. ^ "Navoi, Uzbekistan". Retrieved February 19, 2021.
  6. ^ "Назначен новый хоким города Навои". 2013-12-04. Archived from the original on 2017-07-28. Retrieved 2017-07-28.
  7. ^ "В Навои сменился хоким". Газета.uz. 2017-04-10. Retrieved 2017-07-28.
  8. ^ admin (2023-08-20). "Navoiy shahriga yangi hokim tayinlandi". (in Uzbek). Retrieved 2023-08-22.
  9. ^ "Population of Navoiy". 28 August 2020.
  10. ^ a b c d Ibbotson, Sophie (2020). Uzbekistan. United Kingdom: Bradt Guides Ltd. p. 214. ISBN 9-781784-771089.
  11. ^ a b c "Rabati Malik Caravanserai". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2020-11-01.
  12. ^ Hotamov; Bekniyozov (2007). Karmana — qadimiy diyor [Karmana is an ancient land] (in Uzbek). Tashkent: Uzbekistan. ISBN 978-9943-01-070-3.
  13. ^ "Tashkilot haqida". Retrieved 2023-11-15.
  14. ^ "Navoi Free Industrial Economic Zone". Retrieved 30 June 2014.
  15. ^ "Average monthly data about air temperature and precipitation in 13 regional centers of the Republic of Uzbekistan over period from 1981 to 2010". Centre of Hydrometeorological Service of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Uzhydromet). Archived from the original on 15 December 2019. Retrieved 15 December 2019.

External links edit