National emblem of Turkey

Turkey has no official national emblem, but the crescent and star (Turkish: ay-yıldız "crescent-star") design from the national flag is in use as the de facto national emblem on Turkish passports, Turkish identity cards and at the diplomatic missions of Turkey.

National Emblem of the
Republic of Turkey
Emblem of Turkey.svg
ArmigerRepublic of Turkey
BlazonCrescent and star
UseTurkish passport, Turkish ID card, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Turkey)
The emblem of Turkey, seen at the Turkish Embassy in Vienna, Austria.
The emblem on Turkish passports
The emblem on national ID cards

The crescent and star are from the 19th-century Ottoman flag (1844–1923) which also forms the basis of the present-day Turkish flag. Following the abolition of the Sultanate on 1 November 1922, the Ottoman coat of arms was no longer used and the crescent and star became Turkey's de facto national emblem. In the national identity cards of the 1930s the horns of the crescent were facing left, instead of the now more common orientation towards right.[1]

Use by government bodiesEdit

Red circle with white star and crescentEdit

A circular section of the red Flag of Turkey containing the white crescent and star is used in the current emblems of a number of Turkish ministries and governmental institutions, in the emblem of the Grand National Assembly, and as the flag badge on the uniforms of Turkish national sports teams and athletes. It was also used on the old (non-digital) Turkish identity cards.[2]

Gold circle with white star and crescentEdit

Coat of arms of the Ministry of Foreign AffairsEdit

 
Turkish Embassy in The Hague, Netherlands, with the oval-shaped ambassadorial escutcheon which is derived from the oval shield at the center of the Ottoman coat of arms.

The Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs often uses a red oval-shaped escutcheon which takes its colour from the Turkish flag, while its shape echoes the oval shield at the center of the late 19th-century Ottoman coat of arms.[3] The escutcheon contains a gold-tone crescent and star which are vertically oriented (with the star on top) and surrounded by the gold-tone text T.C. Dışişleri Bakanlığı.[4] A variant of this oval escutcheon (containing the gold-tone text Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Büyükelçiliği) is used by the Turkish embassies.[5][6]

Presidential sealEdit

The seal of the President of Turkey has a large 16-pointed star in the center, which is surrounded by 16 five-pointed stars, symbolizing the 16 Great Turkic Empires.[7] Its appearance is regulated by law.

Proposed coat of armsEdit

In 1925, the Ministry of National Education held a contest for a national emblem. Namık İsmail, a painter, won the contest with his coat of arms depicting Asena, a mythological wolf in the founding myth of the Gökbörü clan which ruled the Göktürk Empire. However, this coat of arms was never used.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit