National colours

National colours are frequently part of a country's set of national symbols.

Many states and nations have formally adopted a set of colours as their official "national colours" while others have de facto national colours that have become well known through popular use. National colours often appear on a variety of different media, from the nation's flag to the colours used in sports.

AfricaEdit

Country Flag Primary
colours
Secondary
colours
Primary Secondary Further
information
Algeria   Green, white and red     National colours of Algeria
Angola   Red, black and yellow     National colours of Angola
Benin   Green, yellow and red     National colours of Benin
Botswana   Light blue, black and white     National colours of Botswana
Burkina Faso   Red, green and yellow     National colours of Burkina Faso
Burundi   Red, white and green     National colours of Burundi
Cameroon   Green, red and yellow     National colours of Cameroon
Cape Verde   Blue, white, red and yellow      National colours of Cape Verde
Central African Republic   Blue, white, green, yellow and red    
  
National colours of Central African Republic
Chad   Blue, yellow and red     National colours of Chad
Comoros   Yellow, white, red, blue and green    
  
National colours of Comoros
Congo, Democratic Republic of the   Blue, yellow and red     National colours of Decromatic Republic of Congo ( DRC )
Congo, Republic of the   Green, yellow and red     National colours of Congo Republic
Djibouti   Light blue, green, white and red      National colours of Djibouti
Egypt   Red, white and black      National colours of Egypt
Equatorial Guinea   Green, white, red and blue      National colours of Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea   Green, blue, red and yellow      National colours of Eritrea
Eswatini (Swaziland)   Blue, yellow, red, black and white    
  
Ethiopia   Green, yellow, red and blue      National colours of Ethiopia
Gabon   Green, yellow and blue    
Gambia   Red, blue, green and white     
Ghana   Red, yellow, green and black Black and white (used in sports)        
Guinea   Red, yellow and green    
Guinea-Bissau   Red, yellow, green and black     
Ivory Coast   Orange, white and green    
Kenya   Black, red, green and white     
Lesotho   Blue, white, green and black     
Liberia   Red, white and blue    
Libya   Red, black, green and white     
Madagascar   Red, green and white    
Malawi   Black, red and green    
Mali   Green, yellow and red    
Mauritania   Green, yellow and red    
Mauritius   Red, blue, yellow and green     
Morocco   Red and green   
Mozambique   Green, yellow, red, black and white    
  
Namibia   Blue, red, green, white and yellow    
  
Niger   Orange, white and green    
Nigeria   Green and white   
Rwanda   Sky blue, yellow and green    
São Tomé and Príncipe   Green, yellow, red and black     
Senegal   Green, yellow and red    
Seychelles   Blue, yellow, red, white and green    
  
Sierra Leone   Green, white and blue    
Somalia   Blue and white   
South Africa   Red, green, blue, gold, black and white[1] Green and gold (used in sports)    
   
   National colours of South Africa
South Sudan   Black, red, green, blue, yellow and white    
   
Sudan   Red, white, black and green     
Tanzania   Green, yellow, blue and black     
Togo   Green, yellow, red and white     
Tunisia   Red and white   
Uganda   Black, yellow and red    
Zambia   Green, red, black and orange     
Zimbabwe   Green, yellow, red, black and white    
  

North AmericaEdit

Country Flag Primary
colours
Secondary
colours
Primary Secondary Further
information
Antigua and Barbuda   Red, white, blue, black and yellow    
  
Bahamas   Aquamarine, yellow and black    
Barbados   Ultramarine, gold and black    
Belize   Blue, red and white Sky blue (used in sports)      
Canada   Red and white[2] Black (only used in sports)      National colours of Canada
Costa Rica   Blue, white and red Black (used in sports)      
Cuba   Blue, white and red Black      
Dominica   Green, yellow, black, white and red Blue (used in sports)    
  
 
Dominican Republic   Blue, white and red    
El Salvador   Blue and white   
Grenada   Green, yellow and red    
Guatemala   Blue and white Navy blue and green-blue      
Haiti   Blue and red[3]   
Honduras   Blue and white Navy blue and midnight blue      
Jamaica   Green, gold and black    
Mexico   Green, white and red Black, Indian red, magenta and lime green (used only in sports)          National colours of Mexico
Nicaragua   Blue and white Gold and denim (used only in sports)      
Panama   Blue, white and red Midnight blue and cadet blue (used only in sports)       
Saint Kitts and Nevis   Green, red and white Gold and black   
 
  
Saint Lucia   Light blue, yellow, black and white Blue (only in sports)       
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   Blue, yellow and green    
Trinidad and Tobago   Red, white and black Maroon (only in sports)      
United States of America   Red, white and blue[3]     National colours of the United States

Sub-national coloursEdit

Country, Nation or Region Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Primary Secondary Further information
Anguilla   Orange, blue and white    
Aruba   Yellow, cerulean, white, red    
 
Bermuda   Red, blue and white Prussian blue (used in sports)      
Bonaire   Yellow, blue and white    
British Virgin Islands   Green, yellow and white    
Cayman Islands   Blue, red and white    
Curaçao   Blue, yellow and white    
Guadeloupe   Green, red and white    
Martinique   Blue and white Light blue     
Montserrat   Black, green, dark blue, red and white      
Puerto Rico   Red, white and blue    
Saint Martin   Yellow and blue Dark blue, red and white       
Saint Pierre et Miquelon   Blue, white and red    
Sint Maarten   Red, blue and white    
Turks and Caicos   Blue, light blue, red and white Green sheen (only in sports)       
US Virgin Islands   White, yellow and blue Light blue (used only in sports)      

South AmericaEdit

Country Flag Primary
colours
Secondary
colours
Primary Secondary Further
information
Argentina   Light blue and white[4] Blue and black (used in sports)      
Bolivia   Red, yellow and green White (used in sports)      
Brazil   Green and yellow Blue and white      
Chile   Red, white and blue    
Colombia   Yellow, blue and red Dark blue and white (used in sports)       
Ecuador   Yellow, blue and red Sky blue (used in sports)      
French Guiana   Yellow and green Blue (used in sports)     
Guyana   Yellow and green Red and black      
Paraguay   Red, white and blue Bluegray (used in sports)      
Peru   Red and white   
Suriname   White and green Red and gold      
Uruguay   Blue, white and red Light blue (used in sports)       Flag of Artigas, Flag of the Treinta y Tres
Venezuela   Yellow, blue and red Burgundy and khaki (used in sports)       

AsiaEdit

Country Flag Primary
colours
Secondary
colours
Primary Secondary Further
information
Afghanistan   Black, red, green and white Blue (cricket)       
Bahrain   Red and white   
Bangladesh   Red, green and gold White (football) [5]         First Flag of Bangladesh (1971)
Bhutan   Fulvous, gold and white Red (football)      
Brunei   Yellow, black, white and red Blue and green (football)        
Cambodia   Red and blue Black (football)     
China   Red and yellow Dark blue, black and white (sports)       
Hong Kong   Red and white Black and gray      
India   Saffron orange, blue, white and green Sky blue (sports)       
Indonesia   Red and white[6] Green (sports)     
Iran   Green, white and red Black      
Iraq   Red, white, black and green     
Israel   Blue and white[7]    National colours of Israel
Japan   Red and white Black (sports); Blue, white and spring bud (only used in football)         National colours of Japan
Jordan   Black, white, green and red     
Kazakhstan   Blue and yellow White and black (sports)      
Korea, North
(Democratic People's Republic of Korea)
  Red, white and blue    
Korea, South
(Republic of Korea)
  White, red, blue and black     
Kuwait   Green, white, red and black Blue and red (sports)        
Kyrgyzstan   Red and yellow Maroon, blue and white (football)       
Laos   Red, blue and white Black, gold and sky blue (football)        
Lebanon   Red, white and green    
Macau   Green and white White and dark blue (sports)      
Malaysia   Gold and black Red, white, dark blue and yellow        
Maldives   Red and white Green and blue (football)      
Mongolia   Blue, red and yellow White (sports)      
Myanmar   Yellow, green, red and white     
Nepal   Crimson, blue and white    
Oman   Red, white and green Gold      
Pakistan   Green and white Lime green and gold (sports)      
Philippines   Blue, red, white and yellow     
Qatar   Maroon and white   
Saudi Arabia   Green and white Dark green (football)   
Singapore   Red and white Blue (football)     
Sri Lanka   Maroon, gold, green and orange Blue (sports)       
Syria   Red, white, black and green Gray and gold        
Tajikistan   Red, white and green    
Thailand   Red, white and blue Royal yellow, royal purple and blue sapphire         Royal flags of Thailand
Timor-Leste   Red, yellow, black and white     
Turkmenistan   Green and white Sand     
United Arab Emirates   Red, green, white and black Gold and blue        
Uzbekistan   Blue, white, red and green Black (sports)       
Vietnam   Red and yellow White (sports)     
Yemen   Red, white and black    

EuropeEdit

Country Flag Primary
colours
Secondary
colours
Primary Secondary Further information
Albania   Red and black   
Andorra   Blue, yellow and red    
Armenia   Red, blue and orange    
Austria   Red and white   
Azerbaijan   Blue, red and green    
Belarus   Red, white and green    
Belgium   Red Black and yellow; Light blue (used in cycling)[8]      
Bosnia and Herzegovina   Blue and gold White (used in football)     
Bulgaria   White, green and red    
Croatia   Red, white and blue    
Cyprus   Blue and white Orange     
Czech Republic   White, red and blue[9][10][11]     National colours of the Czech Republic
Denmark   Red and white   
Estonia   Blue, black and white[12]    
Finland   White and blue Red and gold      
France   Blue, white and red[13]    
Georgia   Red and white   
Germany   Black, red and gold White; Silver (used in motor racing)        National colours of Germany
Greece   Blue and white    National colours of Greece
Hungary   Red, white and green    
Iceland   Blue, white and red    
Ireland   Green Blue, white and orange       Green relates to Goídel Glas, Father of Goidelic (Gaelic) languages and Gaels, Blue relates to St. Patrick, White as it appears on the Irish flag relates to peace between the Gaelic nationalism and the Loyalist supporters of William of Orange and Orange for William of Orange.
Italy   Green, white and red[14] Azure       National colours of Italy
Latvia   Carmine and white   
Liechtenstein   Blue and red   
Lithuania   Yellow, green and red    
Luxembourg   Red, white and light blue    
Malta   Red and white   
Moldova   Blue, yellow and red    
Monaco   Red and white   
Montenegro   Red and gold   
Netherlands   Orange Red, white and blue       Orange refers to the Dutch Royal Family, the House of Orange-Nassau.
North Macedonia   Red and yellow   
Norway   Red, white and blue    
Poland   White and red    National colours of Poland
Portugal   Green and red (Before the 1910 revolution: White and blue)      
Romania   Blue, yellow and red    
Russia   White, blue and red Green      
San Marino   White and light blue   
Serbia   Red, blue and white[15][16][17]     National colours of Serbia
Slovakia   White, blue and red    
Slovenia   White, blue and red[18] Green, blue and white (sports)[19]        
Spain   Red and gold   
Sweden   Blue and yellow    See Flag of Sweden
Switzerland   Red and white   
Turkey   Red and white Turquoise     
Ukraine   Blue and gold    National colours of Ukraine
United Kingdom   Red, white and blue British racing green       National colours of the United Kingdom

Sub-national coloursEdit

Country, Nation or Region Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Primary Secondary Further information
Åland   Blue, yellow and red    
Andalucia   Green and white   
Basque Country   Green and red White   
Bavaria   Sky blue and white    See Flag of Bavaria
Brussels Region   Blue and yellow Grey     
Canary Islands   Yellow, blue and white    
Catalonia   Red and yellow   
Dublin City   Green and blue     It is common to see dark blue and light blue flown for Dublin, but this is the GAA colours for Dublin county.
England   Red and white Blue (sports)     
Faroe Islands   White, blue and red    
Flanders   Black and yellow   
Friesland   Blue, white and red    
Gibraltar   Red and white   
Guernsey   Red and white Green (sports)      See Flag of Guernsey
Isle of Man   Red and grey   
Jersey   Red and white   
Northern Ireland Red and white Green and white (sports)       Green and white is in reference to the national football team
Scotland   Blue and white   
Wales   Red, green and white    
Wallonia   Red and yellow   

OceaniaEdit

Country Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Primary Secondary Further information
Australia   Green and gold Blue and white       National colours of Australia
Fiji   Light blue White and black (rugby and other sports)     
New Zealand   Black[20] White, silver, ochre red and teal        National colours of New Zealand
Samoa   Red, white and blue    
Solomon Islands   Olive green, yellow and blue Green and white       
Tonga   Red and white   
Tuvalu   Sky blue, yellow and white Blue      

Sub-national coloursEdit

Country, Nation or Region Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Primary Secondary Further information
American Samoa   Blue, red and white    
Cook Islands   Green and white   
French Polynesia   Red and white   
Guam   Indigo and red Blue and white      
New Caledonia   Gray, white and red    
Niue   Yellow golden and blue   

Countries with limited or no recognitionEdit

These are the national colours for countries or states that have limited or no recognition.

Country Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Primary Secondary Further information
Abkhazia   Green, white and red    
Artsakh (Nagorno-Karabakh)   Red, blue and orange White      
Donetsk People's Republic   Black, blue and red    
Islamic State   Black  
Kosovo   Blue, yellow and white Black      
Luhansk People's Republic   Light blue, blue and red    
Northern Cyprus   Red and white   
Palestine   Black, white, green and red     
Somaliland   Green, white and red    
South Ossetia   White, red and yellow    
Taiwan   Blue, white and red Verdigris (University Sports)      
Transnistria   Red and green   

Former countriesEdit

Country Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Primary Secondary Further information
Byzantine Empire   Red, Gold, Purple     Byzantine flags and insignia
East Germany   Black, red and gold Blue       National colours of Germany
France (Kingdom of France 987–1792, 1814–1848)       White, Blue    French Blue, French Flags
German Empire   Black, White, Red     German Flags
Holy Roman Empire   Gold, Black White, Red       Flags of the Holy Roman Empire
Rhodesia   Green  
Roman Empire   Red, Purple   
Roman Republic   Red  
Soviet Union   Red Gold    
South Africa (pre-1994) Orange, white and blue Green (sports)      
South Yemen Red, sky blue, white and black     
Yugoslavia   Blue, white and red    

CaliphatesEdit

Country Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Primary Secondary Further information
Abbasid Caliphate Black   Black Standard
Umayyad Caliphate White  
Fatimid Caliphate   Green, White    Green in Islam

Ancient/Imperial Chinese DynastiesEdit

Country Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Primary Secondary Further information
Xia Dynasty Black, Grue    ,[21] Green/Blue in China
Shang Dynasty White   [21]
Zhou Dynasty Red   [21]
Qin Dynasty Black   [21]
Han Dynasty Yellow, Red    [21]
Former Wei Dynasty Yellow   [21]
Jin Dynasty Red, White    [21]
Liu Song Dynasty Red, Black    [21]
Southern Qi Dynasty Red, Grue    ,[21] Green/Blue in China
Liang Dynasty Red   [21]
Chen Dynasty Red, Yellow    [21]
Northern Wei Dynasty Black   [21]
Northern Qi Dynasty Black   [21]
Northern Zhou Dynasty Black   [21]
Sui Dynasty Red   [21]
Tang Dynasty Yellow   [21]
Later Jin Dynasty White   [21]
Later Han Dynasty Black   [21]
Later Zhou Dynasty Grue   ,[21] Green/Blue in China
Song Dynasty Red   [21]
Western Xia Dynasty White   [21]
Jin Dynasty White   [21]
Yuan Dynasty White   [21]
Ming Dynasty Red   [21]
Qing Dynasty   Yellow   ,[21] Imperial yellow jacket

Supranational organisationsEdit

Some noted supranational organisations like the United Nations and the European Union have their own colours as part of their branding and marketing. They are usually taken from the organisation's flag. Although they do not have national sporting teams, the colours can be used for anything connected to the organisation, like associated bodies.

Organisation Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Primary Secondary Further information
African Union   Green and gold    Flag of the African Union
Arab League Green Red, black and white       Flag of the Arab League, Pan-Arab colours
Association of Southeast Asian Nations   Blue, red and yellow Brown       Flag of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation Green and yellow Blue and white      
Caribbean Community Sky blue, navy and yellow Maroon (sports)       Maroon is the colour of the West Indies cricket team. Although they are not an officially part of CARICOM, most members of the community are members of the Cricket West Indies. CARICOM sees the organisation as an associated institute of Community.[22]
Community of Portuguese Language Countries Blue and white    Flag of the Community of Portuguese Language Countries
Eurasian Economic Union White Blue and gold      Flag of the Eurasian Economic Union
European Union   Reflex blue and gold    Flag of Europe
Mercosur White and blue Green      Flag of Mercosur
NATO   Dark Blue   Flag of NATO
Nordic Council Blue and white    Flag of the Nordic Council; Design Manual of the Nordic Council - Colours
Organisation of Islamic Cooperation White, green and black Red       See Flag of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation and Green in Islam
South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation Gold (Hokey Pokey) and white   
Turkic Council Turqouise   Although the flag of the Turkic Council is light blue and white, turquoise is the colour most associated with the Turkic region.
United Nations   Light blue and white    Flag of the United Nations

Examples of use of these coloursEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "National flag". South African Government. 2018-02-19.
  2. ^ "National Colours: Red and White". Government of Canada. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  3. ^ a b "National Symbols". The World Factbook (52nd ed.). Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Public Affairs. 2014. ISBN 978-0-16-092553-5. OCLC 913577992. Archived from the original on 2016-11-08. Retrieved 2015-05-02.
  4. ^ "Símbolos nacionales". Government of Argentina. Archived from the original on 2015-10-09. La primera enseña patria es la Bandera Nacional. Creada por el general Manuel Belgrano el 27 de febrero de 1812, fue consagrada con los mismos colores ‘celeste y blanco’ por el Congreso de Tucumán el 20 de julio de 1816 y ratificada por el mismo cuerpo en Buenos Aires, el 25 de febrero de 1818.
  5. ^ "Bangadesh national team". Colours of Football. Retrieved 2018-07-11.
  6. ^ Minahan, James B. (2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems. ABC-CLIO. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-313-34497-8. Retrieved 2015-10-26. National colors: Red and white
  7. ^ "Israel National Symbols: The Israeli Flag". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2014-06-11.
  8. ^ "Rode Duivels brengen eerbetoon aan wielrenners met uitshirts". Sporza. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  9. ^ "Státní symboly". hrad.cz.
  10. ^ "Symboly současné České republiky". vlast.cz.
  11. ^ "Státní symboly České republiky". toulkypocechach.com. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2014-01-26.
  12. ^ "National symbols of Estonia". Archived from the original on 2016-08-01. Retrieved 2016-07-29.
  13. ^ "Le drapeau tricolor" [The Tricolor Flag] (in French). 2002-06-20. Archived from the original on 2005-01-28. Retrieved 2015-07-18. Le pavillon, ainsi que le drapeau national, sera formé des trois couleurs nationales disposées en trois bandes égales, de manière à ce que le bleu soit attaché à la garde du pavillon, le blanc au milieu et le rouge flottant.
  14. ^ Ferorelli, Nicola (1925). La vera origine del tricolore italiano. Rassegna storica del Risorgimento. 12. pp. 654–680.
  15. ^ The Journal of the Orders & Medals Research Society of Great Britain. Orders and Medals Research Society. 1969. p. 207).
  16. ^ Chronicles. Rockford Institute. 1994. p. 39.
  17. ^ Thomas, Nigel; Mikulan, Krunoslav (2006). The Yugoslav Wars (2): Bosnia, Kosovo and Macedonia 1992–2001. Osprey Publishing. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-84176-964-6.
  18. ^ "National Insignia". Government of the Republic of Slovenia. Archived from the original on 2011-10-04. Retrieved 2016-08-21. the three national colours (white, blue and red) of Carniola - the central historic state on the territory of the Slovenian people - are used
  19. ^ "Sport in Slovenia" (PDF). Government Communication Office of the Republic of Slovenia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-08-21. Retrieved 2016-08-21. The Olympic Committee of Slovenia suggests that sports organisations use the following ratio when designing national sports equipment: 50% green, 30% blue and 20% white.
  20. ^ "Design of The New Zealand Orders Insignia". The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Government of New Zealand. Archived from the original on 2017-06-21. Retrieved 2013-03-20.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y ‹See Tfd›doi:10.3176/tr.2012.3.03
  22. ^ "West Indies Cricket Board". CARICOM. Retrieved 2020-06-23.