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National colours are frequently part of a country's set of national symbols.

Many states and nations have formally adopted a set of colours as their official "national colours" while others have de facto national colours that have become well-known through popular use. National colours often appear on a variety of different media, from the nation's flag to the colours used in sports.


Contents

AfricaEdit

Country Flag Primary
colours
Secondary
colours
Primary Secondary Further
information
Algeria   Green, white and red             
Angola   Red, black and yellow             
Benin   Green, yellow and red             
Botswana   Light blue, black and white             
Burkina Faso   Red, green and yellow             
Burundi   Red, white and green             
Cameroon   Green, red and yellow             
Cape Verde   Blue, white, red and yellow                 
Central African Republic   Blue, white, green, yellow and red             
        
Chad   Blue, yellow and red             
Comoros   Yellow, white, red, blue and green             
        
Congo, Democratic Republic of the   Blue, yellow and red             
Congo, Republic of the   Green, yellow and red             
Djibouti   Light blue, green, white and red                 
Egypt   Red, white and black             
Equatorial Guinea   Green, white, red and blue                 
Eritrea   Green, blue, red and yellow                 
Eswatini (Swaziland)   Blue, yellow, red, black and white             
        
Ethiopia   Green, yellow, red and blue                 
Gabon   Green, yellow and blue             
Gambia   Red, blue, green and white                 
Ghana   Red, yellow, green and black Black and white (used in sports)                          
Guinea   Red, yellow and green             
Guinea-Bissau   Red, yellow, green and black                 
Ivory Coast   Orange, white and green             
Kenya   Black, red, green and white                 
Lesotho   Blue, white, green and black                 
Liberia   Red, white and blue             
Libya   Red, black, green and white                 
Madagascar   Red, green and white             
Malawi   Black, red and green             
Mali   Green, yellow and red             
Mauritania   Green, yellow and red             
Mauritius   Red, blue, yellow and green                 
Morocco   Red and green         
Mozambique   Green, yellow, red, black and white             
        
Namibia   Blue, red, green, white and yellow             
        
Niger   Orange, white and green             
Nigeria   Green and white         
Rwanda   Sky blue, yellow and green             
São Tomé and Príncipe   Green, yellow, red and black                 
Senegal   Green, yellow and red             
Seychelles   Blue, yellow, red, white and green             
        
Sierra Leone   Green, white and blue             
Somalia   Blue and white         
South Africa   Red, green, blue, gold, black and white[1] Green and gold (used in sports)             
            
         National colours of South Africa
South Sudan   Black, red, green, blue, yellow and white             
            
Sudan   Red, white, black and green                 
Tanzania   Green, yellow, blue and black                 
Togo   Green, yellow, red and white                 
Tunisia   Red and white         
Uganda   Black, yellow and red             
Zambia   Green, red, black and orange                 
Zimbabwe   Green, yellow, red, black and white             
        

North AmericaEdit

Country Flag Primary
colours
Secondary
colours
Primary Secondary Further
information
Anguilla   Orange, blue and white             
Antigua and Barbuda   Red, white, blue, black and yellow             
        
Aruba   Yellow, cerulean, orange, red             
    
Bahamas   Aquamarine, yellow and black             
Barbados   Aquamarine, gold and black             
Belize   Blue, red and white Sky blue (used in sports)                  
Bermuda   Red, blue and white Prussian blue (used in sports)                  
Bonaire   Yellow, blue and white             
British Virgin Islands   Green, yellow and white             
Canada   Red and white[2] Black (only used in sports)               National colours of Canada
Cayman Islands   Blue, red and white             
Costa Rica   Blue, white and red Black (used in sports)                  
Cuba   Blue, white and red Black                  
Curaçao   Blue, yellow and white             
Dominica   Green, yellow, black, white and red Blue (used in sports)             
        
    
Dominican Republic   Blue, white and red             
El Salvador   Blue and white         
Grenada   Green, yellow and red             
Guadeloupe   Green, red and white             
Guatemala   Blue and white Navy blue and green-blue                  
Haiti   Blue and red[3]         
Honduras   Blue and white Navy blue and midnight blue                  
Jamaica   Green, gold and black             
Martinica   Blue and white Light blue              
Mexico   Green, white and red Black, indian red, magenta and lime green (used only in sports)                               National colours of Mexico
Montserrat   Black, green, dark blue, red and white                     
Nicaragua   Blue and white Gold and denim (used only in sports)                  
Panama   Blue, white and red Midnight blue and cadet blue (used only in sports)                      
Puerto Rico   Red, white and blue             
Saint Kitts and Nevis   Green, red and white Gold and black         
    
        
Saint Lucia   Light blue, yellow, black and white Blue (only in sports)                      
Saint Martin   Yellow and blue Dark blue, red and white                      
Saint Pierre et Miquelon   Blue, white and red             
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines   Blue, yellow and green             
Sint Marteen   Red, blue and white             
Trinidad and Tobago   Red, white and black Maroon (only in sports)                  
Turks and Caicos   Blue, light blue, red and white Green sheen (only in sports)                      
United States of America   Red, white and blue[3]              National colours of the United States
US Virgin Islands   White, yellow and blue Light blue (used only in sports)                  

South AmericaEdit

Country Flag Primary
colours
Secondary
colours
Primary Secondary Further
information
Argentina   Light blue and white[4] Blue and black (used in sports)                  
Bolivia   Red, yellow and green White (used in sports)                  
Brazil   Green and yellow Blue and white                  
Chile   Red, white and blue             
Colombia   Yellow, blue and red Dark blue and white (used in sports)                      
Ecuador   Yellow, blue and red Sky blue (used in sports)                  
French Guiana   Yellow and green Blue (used in sports)              
Guyana   Yellow and green Red and black                  
Paraguay   Red, white and blue Bluegray (used in sports)                  
Peru   Red and white         
Suriname   White and green Red and gold                  
Uruguay   Blue and white Red; light blue is used in sports                  
Venezuela   Yellow, blue and red Burgundy and khaki (used in sports)                      

AsiaEdit

Country Flag Primary
colours
Secondary
colours
Primary Secondary Further
information
Afghanistan   Black, red, green and white Blue (cricket)                      
Bahrain   Red and white         
Bangladesh   Red, green and gold White (football) [5]                     First Flag of Bangladesh (1971)
Bhutan   Fulvous, gold, and white Red (football)                  
Brunei   Yellow, black, white and red Blue and green (football)                          
Cambodia   Red and blue Black (football)              
China   Red and gold Dark blue and white (sports)                  
Hong Kong   Red and white Black and gray                  
India   Saffron orange, blue, white and green Sky blue (sports)                      
Indonesia   Red and white[6] Green (sports)              
Iran   Green, white and red Black                  
Iraq   Red, white, black and green                 
Israel   Blue and white[7]          National colours of Israel
Japan   Red and white Black (sports); Blue, white and spring bud (only used in football)                           National colours of Japan
Jordan   Black, white, green and red                 
Kazakhstan   Blue and yellow White and black (sports)                  
Korea, North
(Democratic People's Republic of Korea)
  Red, white and blue             
Korea, South
(Republic of Korea)
  White, red, blue and black                 
Kuwait   Green, white, red and black Blue and red (sports)                          
Kyrgyzstan   Red and yellow Maroon, blue and white (football)                      
Laos   Red, blue and white Black, gold and sky blue (football)                          
Lebanon   Red, white and green             
Macau   Green and white White and dark blue (sports)                  
Malaysia   Gold and black Red, white, dark blue and yellow                          
Maldives   Red and white Green and blue (football)                  
Mongolia   Blue, red and yellow White (sports)                  
Myanmar   Yellow, green, red and white                 
Nepal   Crimson, blue and white             
Oman   Red, white and green Gold                  
Pakistan   Green and white Lime green and gold (sports)                  
Palestine   Black, white, green and red                 
Philippines   Blue, red, white and yellow                 
Qatar   Maroon and white         
Saudi Arabia   Green and white Dark green (football)         
Singapore   Red and white Blue (football)              
Sri Lanka   Maroon, gold, green and orange Blue (sports)                      
Syria   Red, white, black and green Gray and gold                          
Taiwan   Blue, white and red Verdigris (University Sports)                  
Tajikistan   Red, white and green             
Thailand   Red, white and blue Royal yellow, royal purple and blue sapphire                           Royal flags of Thailand
Timor-Leste   Red, yellow, black and white                 
Turkmenistan   Green and white Sand              
United Arab Emirates   Red, green, white and black Gold and blue                 

         

Uzbekistan   Blue, white, red and green Black (sports)                      
Vietnam   Red and yellow White (sports)              
Yemen   Red, white and black             

EuropeEdit

Country Flag Primary
colours
Secondary
colours
Primary Secondary Further information
Albania   Red and black         
Andorra   Blue, yellow and red             
Armenia   Red, blue and orange             
Austria   Red and white         
Azerbaijan   Blue, red and green             
Belarus   Red, white and green             
Belgium   Red Black and yellow; Light blue (used in cycling)[8]                  
Bosnia and Herzegovina   Blue and gold         
Bulgaria   White, green and red             
Croatia   Red, white and blue             
Cyprus   Blue and white Orange              
Czech Republic   White, red and blue[9][10][11]              National colours of the Czech Republic
Denmark   Red and white         
Estonia   Blue, black and white[12]             
Finland   White and blue Red and gold                  
France   Blue, white and red[13]             
Georgia   Red and white         
Germany   Black, red and gold              National colours of Germany
Greece   Blue and white          National colours of Greece
Hungary   Red, white and green             
Iceland   Blue, white and red             
Ireland   Green and blue White and orange                   Green relates to Goídel Glas, Father of Goidelic (Gaelic) languages and Gaels, Blue relates to St. Patrick, White as it appears on the Irish flag relates to peace between the Gaelic nationalism and the Loyalist supporters of William of Orange and Orange for William of Orange.
Italy   Green, white and red[14] Azure                   National colours of Italy
Kosovo   Blue, yellow and white Black                  
Latvia   Red and white         
Liechtenstein   Blue and red         
Lithuania   Yellow, green and red             
Luxembourg   Red, white and light blue             
North Macedonia   Red and yellow         
Malta   Red and white         
Moldova   Blue, yellow and red             
Monaco   Red and white         
Montenegro   Red and gold         
Netherlands   Orange Red, white and blue                  
Norway   Red, white and blue             
Poland   White and red          National colours of Poland
Portugal   Green and red (Before the 1910 revolution: White and blue)                  
Romania   Blue, yellow and red             
Russia   White, blue and red             
San Marino   White and light blue         
Serbia   Red, blue and white[15][16][17]              National colours of Serbia
Slovakia   White, blue and red             
Slovenia   White, blue and red[18] Green, blue and white (sports)[19]                          
Spain   Red and gold         
Sweden   Blue and gold         
Switzerland   Red and white         
Turkey   Red and white Turquoise              
Ukraine   Blue and yellow          National colours of Ukraine
United Kingdom   Red, white and blue              National colours of the United Kingdom

OceaniaEdit

Country Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Primary Secondary Further information
American Samoa   Blue, red and white             
Australia   Green and gold Blue and white                   National colours of Australia
Cook Islands   Green and white         
Fiji   Light blue White and black (rugby and other sports)               National colours of Fiji
French Polynesia   Red and white         
Guam   Indigo and red Blue and white                  
New Caledonia   Gray, white and red             
New Zealand   Black[20] White, silver, ochre red and teal                       National colours of New Zealand
Niue   Yellow golden and blue         
Samoa   Red, white and blue             
Solomon Islands   Olive green, yellow and blue Green and white                      
Tonga   Red and white         
Tuvalu   Sky blue, yellow and white Blue                  

Supranational organisationsEdit

Some noted supranational organisations like the United Nations and the European Union have their own colours as part of their branding and marketing. They are usually taken from the organisation's flag. Although they do not have national sporting teams, the colours can be used for anything connected to the organisation, like associated bodies.

Examples of use of these coloursEdit

Organisation Flag Primary colours Secondary colours Primary Secondary Further information
African Union   Green and gold          Flag of the African Union
Arab League Green Red, black and white                   Flag of the Arab League, Pan-Arab colours
Association of Southeast Asian Nations Blue, red and yellow Brown                   Flag of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Eurasian Economic Union White Blue and gold               Flag of the Eurasian Economic Union
European Union   Reflex blue and gold          Flag of the European Union
Mercosur White and blue Green               Flag of Mercosur
NATO   Dark Blue      Flag of NATO
Nordic Council Blue and white          Flag of the Nordic Council; Design Manual of the Nordic Council - Colours
Turkic Council Turqouise      Although the flag of the Turkic Council is light blue and white, turquoise is the colour most associated with the Turkic region.
United Nations   Light blue and white          Flag of the United Nations

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "National flag". South African Government. 2018-02-19.
  2. ^ "National Colours: Red and White". Government of Canada. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  3. ^ a b "National Symbols". The World Factbook (52nd ed.). Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, Office of Public Affairs. 2014. ISBN 978-0-16-092553-5. OCLC 913577992. Archived from the original on 2016-11-08. Retrieved 2015-05-02.
  4. ^ "Símbolos nacionales". Government of Argentina. Archived from the original on 2015-10-09. La primera enseña patria es la Bandera Nacional. Creada por el general Manuel Belgrano el 27 de febrero de 1812, fue consagrada con los mismos colores ‘celeste y blanco’ por el Congreso de Tucumán el 20 de julio de 1816 y ratificada por el mismo cuerpo en Buenos Aires, el 25 de febrero de 1818.
  5. ^ "Bangadesh national team". Colours of Football. Retrieved 2018-07-11.
  6. ^ Minahan, James B. (2009). The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems. ABC-CLIO. p. 65. ISBN 978-0-313-34497-8. Retrieved 2015-10-26. National colors: Red and white
  7. ^ "Israel National Symbols: The Israeli Flag". Jewish Virtual Library. Retrieved 2014-06-11.
  8. ^ "Rode Duivels brengen eerbetoon aan wielrenners met uitshirts". Sporza. Retrieved 2016-08-20.
  9. ^ "Státní symboly". hrad.cz.
  10. ^ "Symboly současné České republiky". vlast.cz.
  11. ^ "Státní symboly České republiky". toulkypocechach.com. Archived from the original on 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2014-01-26.
  12. ^ "National symbols of Estonia". Archived from the original on 2016-08-01. Retrieved 2016-07-29.
  13. ^ "Le drapeau tricolor" [The Tricolor Flag] (in French). 2002-06-20. Archived from the original on 2005-01-28. Retrieved 2015-07-18. Le pavillon, ainsi que le drapeau national, sera formé des trois couleurs nationales disposées en trois bandes égales, de manière à ce que le bleu soit attaché à la garde du pavillon, le blanc au milieu et le rouge flottant.
  14. ^ Ferorelli, Nicola (1925). La vera origine del tricolore italiano. Rassegna storica del Risorgimento. 12. pp. 654–680.
  15. ^ The Journal of the Orders & Medals Research Society of Great Britain. Orders and Medals Research Society. 1969. p. 207).
  16. ^ Chronicles. Rockford Institute. 1994. p. 39.
  17. ^ Thomas, Nigel; Mikulan, Krunoslav (2006). The Yugoslav Wars (2): Bosnia, Kosovo and Macedonia 1992–2001. Osprey Publishing. p. 58. ISBN 978-1-84176-964-6.
  18. ^ "National Insignia". Government of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 2016-08-21. the three national colours (white, blue and red) of Carniola - the central historic state on the territory of the Slovenian people - are used
  19. ^ "Sport in Slovenia" (PDF). Government Communication Office of the Republic of Slovenia. Retrieved 2016-08-21. The Olympic Committee of Slovenia suggests that sports organisations use the following ratio when designing national sports equipment: 50% green, 30% blue and 20% white.
  20. ^ "Design of The New Zealand Orders Insignia". The Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet, Government of New Zealand. Archived from the original on 2017-06-21. Retrieved 2013-03-20.