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List of national animals

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This is a list of national animals. In 2009, a total of 231 national animal symbols existed globally. Calculating with the assumption that there are 196 countries in the world:[1]

  • 142 (74%) countries have designated at least one national animal symbol;
  • 71 (37%) countries have more than one national animal symbol.

National animalsEdit

Country Name of animal Scientific name Pictures Ref.
  Afghanistan Snow leopard Panthera uncia   [2]
  Algeria Fennec fox Vulpes zerda   [3]
  Angola Red-crested turaco (national bird) Tauraco erythrolophus   [4]
  Anguilla Zenaida dove Zenaida aurita   [5]
  Antigua and Barbuda Fallow deer (national animal) Dama dama   [6]
Frigate (national bird) Fregata magnificens   [6]
Hawksbill turtle (national sea creature) Eretmochelys imbricata   [6]
  Argentina Rufous hornero Furnarius rufus   [7]
  Australia Red kangaroo (national animal) Macropus rufus   [8]
Emu (national bird) Dromaius novaehollandiae   [9]
  Austria Austrian Bundesadler (heraldic "Federal Eagle") Mythical   [10]
Barn swallow (national bird) Hirundo rustica   [1]
  Azerbaijan Karabakh horse Equus ferus caballus   [11]
  Bangladesh Bengal tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris tigris   [12]
Magpie robin (national bird) Copsychus saularis   [12]
Ilish (national fish) Tenualosa ilisha   [12]
  Belarus European bison Bison bonasus   [13]
  Belgium Leo Belgicus (heraldic "Belgic lion") Mythical   [14]
  Belize Baird's tapir (national animal) Tapirus bairdii   [13][15]
Keel-billed toucan (national bird) Ramphastos sulfuratus   [16]
  Bhutan Druk Mythical   [17]
Takin Budorcas taxicolor   [18]
  Brazil Rufous-bellied thrush (national bird) Turdus rufiventris   [19]
  Cambodia Kouprey Bos sauveli   [20]
  Canada North American beaver (national animal) Castor canadensis   [21][22]
Canadian horse (national horse) Equus ferus caballus   [22]
  China Chinese dragon (national animal) Mythical   [23]
Giant panda (national animal) Ailuropoda melanoleuca   [24]
Red-crowned crane (national bird) Grus japonensis   [25]
  Democratic Republic of the Congo Okapi Okapia johnstoni   [13]
  Colombia Andean condor Vultur gryphus   [26]
  Costa Rica Yigüirro (national bird) Turdus grayi   [27]
White-tailed deer (national animal) Odocoileus virginianus   [28]
West Indian manatee (national aquatic animal) Trichechus manatus   [29]
  Croatia Pine marten Martes martes   [30][31]
  Cuba Cuban trogon Priotelus temnurus   [32][33]
  Cyprus Cypriot mouflon Ovis orientalis   [34]
  Czech Republic Double-tailed lion Mythical   [35]
  Denmark Mute swan (national bird) Cygnus olor   [36]
Small tortoiseshell (national butterfly) Aglais urticae   [36]
  Egypt Steppe eagle Aquila nipalensis   [37]
  Estonia Wolf Canis lupus   [38]
  Eritrea Arabian camel Camelus dromedarius   [39]
  Ethiopia Lion Panthera leo   [40][41]
  Faroe Islands Eurasian oystercatcher (national bird) Haematopus ostralgus   [42]
  Finland Brown bear (national animal) Ursus arctos   [43]
Whooper swan (national bird) Cygnus cygnus   [44]
Holly blue (national butterfly) Celastrina argiolus   [45]
European perch (national fish) Perca fluviatilis   [46]
Seven-spot ladybird (national insect) Coccinella septempunctata   [46]
  France Gallic rooster Gallus gallus domesticus   [47]
  Gabon Black panther Panthera pardus   [48]
  Gambia Lion Panthera leo   [1]
  Germany Bundesadler (heraldic "Federal Eagle") Mythical   [1][49]
  Greece Phoenix (national bird) Mythical   [50]
Dolphin (national animal) Delphinus   [50]
  Guatemala Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno   [51]
  Haiti Hispaniolan Trogan Priotelus roseigaster   [52]
  Honduras White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus   [53]
  Hungary Turul Mythical (most probably Falco cherrug)[54]  
  Iceland Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus   [55]
  India Royal Bengal tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris tigris   [56]
Indian peacock (national bird) Pavo cristatus   [57]
King cobra (national reptile) Ophiophagus hannah   [58]
Ganges river dolphin (national aquatic animal) Platanista gangetica gangetica   [59]
Indian elephant (national heritage animal) Elephas maximus indicus   [60]
  Indonesia Komodo dragon (national animal) Varanus komodoensis   [61]
Garuda (historic national animal) Mythical   [62]
  Iran Asiatic lion Panthera leo persica   [63]
Persian Leopard Panthera pardus saxicolor   [64][65]
  Iraq Chukar partridge Alectoris chukar   [66]
Goat
(  KRG)
Capra aegagrus   [67]
  Israel Hoopoe (national bird) Upupa epops   [63]
  Jamaica Red-billed streamertail Trochilus polytmus   [68]
  Japan Green pheasant (national bird) Phasianus versicolor   [69]
Carp (national fish) Cyprinus carpio   [70]
  Kenya Lion Panthera leo   [40]
  Latvia White wagtail (national bird) Motacilla alba   [71][72]
Two-spotted ladybird (national insect) Adalia bipunctata   [72]
  Libya Lion Panthera leo   [40]
  Lithuania White stork Ciconia ciconia   [73]
  Luxembourg Lion Panthera leo   [40]
  North Macedonia Lion (in Macedonian heraldry) Panthera leo   [74]
  Madagascar Zebu (in Malagasy heraldry) Bos primigenius indicus   [75]
Ring-tailed lemur (national animal) Lemur catta   [76]
  Malaysia Malayan tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris jacksoni   [77]
  Malta Pharaoh Hound (national animal) Canis lupus familiaris   [1]
  Moldova Aurochs (national animal) Bos primigenius   [78]
  Mauritius Dodo Raphus cucullatus   [13][79][80]
  Mexico Golden eagle (national animal) Aquila chrysaetos   [81]
Xoloitzcuintli (national dog) Canis lupus familiaris   [81]
Jaguar (national mammal) Panthera onca   [81]
Grasshopper (national arthropod ) Sphenarium purpurascens   [81]
Vaquita (national marine mammal) Phocoena sinus   [81]
  Morocco Lion Panthera leo   [1]
    Nepal Cow (national animal) Bos taurus indicus   [82]
Danphe (national bird) Lophophorus impejanus   [83]
  Netherlands Lion (heraldic symbol) Panthera leo   [84]
Black-tailed godwit (national bird) Limosa limosa   [85]
  New Zealand Kiwi Apteryx sp.   [86]
  Nigeria Eagle
Accipitridae   [87]
Black Crowned Crane (national bird) Balearica pavonina   [87]
  North Korea Chollima Mythical   [88][89][90]
  Norway Lion (royal national animal) Panthera leo   [91]
White-throated dipper (national bird) Cinclus cinclus   [92]
Fjord horse (national horse) Equus ferus caballus   [93]
  Oman Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx   [94]
  Pakistan Markhor (national animal) Capra falconeri   [95]
Indus river dolphin (national aquatic mammal) Platanista indicus minor   [95]
Chukar (national bird) Alectoris chukar   [95]
Indus crocodile (national reptile) Crocodylus palustris   [95]
Shaheen falcon (heritage bird) Falco peregrinus peregrinator   [96]
Snow leopard (national predator) Panthera uncia   [95]
  Palestine Palestine sunbird (national bird) Cinnyris osea   [97]
  Panama Harpy eagle Harpia harpyja   [13]
  Papua New Guinea Dugong (national marine mammal) Dugong dugon   [98]
  Peru Vicuña (national animal) Vicugna vicugna   [99]
  Philippines Philippine eagle (national bird) Pithecophaga jefferyi   [100]
  Poland White-tailed eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus albicilla   [101][102]
White stork (national bird) Ciconia ciconia   [103]
European bison (national animal) Bison bonasus   [104][105]
  Portugal Rooster of Barcelos Mythical   [106]
Iberian Wolf Canis lupus signatus   [106]
  Qatar Arabian oryx Oryx leucoryx   [107]
  Romania Lynx Lynx lynx   [108]
  Russia Eurasian brown bear (national animal) Ursus arctos arctos   [109]
Double-headed eagle (Traditional Coat of Arms) Mythical   [110]
  Rwanda Leopard Panthera pardus   [111]
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent amazon Amazona guildingii   [112]
  Serbia Wolf Canis lupus lupus   [113]
White eagle Mythical   [114]
Lynx Lynx lynx   [115]
  Sierra Leone Lion Panthera leo   [1]
  Singapore Lion Panthera leo   [40]
  Somalia Leopard Panthera pardus   [116]
  South Africa Springbok (national animal) Antidorcas marsupialis   [117]
Blue crane (national bird) Anthropoides paradiseus   [117]
Galjoen (national fish) Dichistius capensis   [117]
  South Korea Siberian tiger Panthera tigris altaica   [118]
  South Sudan African fish eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus vocifer   [119]
  Spain Bull Bos taurus   [120]
  Sri Lanka Lion (national animal) Panthera leo   [40]
Sri Lankan junglefowl (national bird) Gallus lafayettii   [121]
  Sweden Eurasian Elk/Moose (national animal) Alces alces   [1]
Eurasian blackbird (national bird) Turdus merula   [1][122]
  Tanzania Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis   [123][124][125]
  Thailand Elephant (national animal) Elephas maximus   [126]
Siamese fighting fish (national aquatic animal) Betta splendens [127][128]
  Togo Lion Panthera leo   [1]
  United Arab Emirates Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx   [129]
Peregrine falcon (national bird) Falco peregrinus   [129]
  United Kingdom Lion (England) Panthera leo   [130][131]
Bulldog (Britain as "British Bulldog") Canis lupus familiaris   [132]
Red kite (Wales) Milvus milvus   [133]
Unicorn (Scotland) Mythical   [63][134][135][136][137]
Y Ddraig Goch (Welsh Dragon Wales) Mythical   [133][138]
  United States Bald eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus leucocephalus   [139][140]
American bison (national mammal) Bison bison   [141][142]
  Venezuela Venezuelan troupial (national bird) Icterus icterus   [143][144]
  Zimbabwe Sable antelope (national animal) Hippotragus niger   [145]
African fish eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus vocifer   [145]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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