National Stallion Stakes
The National Stallion Stakes was an American Thoroughbred horse race held sixty-two times between 1898 and 1971. Inaugurated as the National Stallion Race at Morris Park Racecourse in Westchester County, New York, the event was open to horses of either sex until 1948 when it became a race exclusively for colts and geldings and a National Stallion Stakes (filly division) was created. Contested on dirt at a distance of five furlongs, from 1905 onward it was hosted by Belmont Park in Elmont, New York except for 1963 through 1967 when it was run at Aqueduct Racetrack in South Ozone Park, Queens, New York.
|Discontinued stakes race|
Elmont, New York,
|Race type||Thoroughbred - Flat racing|
|Qualification||Two-year-old colts & geldings|
The race was restricted to horses whose sire had been nominated for the race by its owner before the end of the foal's birth year.
Filly winners 1898-1947Edit
In what would be the last year for racing at Morris Park Racecourse, in 1904 Tanya became the first filly to win the National Stallion Stakes during the time it was open to horses of either sex. Tanya went on to become just the second filly to ever win the Belmont Stakes, an American Classic that would eventually be the third leg of the U.S. Triple Crown series. It would be thirty-four years until another filly was victorious in the National Stallion Stakes when New York City restaurateur Henry Lustig's Donita M won the 1938 race. Five years later Henry Lustig would own the third filly to capture the race when in 1943 his Mrs. Ames defeated the gelding Stir Up owned by the powerful Greentree Stable. Sonny Whitney's Enfilade in 1945 was the last filly to win the National Stallion Stakes before the separate division was created.
Owners who won both divisions in the same yearEdit
The 1908 passage of the Hart-Agnew anti-betting legislation by the New York Legislature under Republican Governor Charles Evans Hughes threatened the survival of horse racing in the state. In spite of strong opposition by prominent owners such as August Belmont Jr. and Harry Payne Whitney, reform legislators were not happy when they learned that betting was still going on at racetracks between individuals and they had further restrictive legislation passed by the New York Legislature in 1910. The Agnew-Perkins Law, a series of four bills and recorded as the Executive Liability Act, made it possible for racetrack owners and members of its board of directors to be fined and imprisoned if anyone was found betting, even privately, anywhere on their premises. After a 1911 amendment to the law that would limit the liability of owners and directors was defeated in the Legislature, every racetrack in New York State shut down Owners, whose horses of racing age had nowhere to go, began sending them, their trainers and their jockeys to race in England, France and other countries in Europe. Many horses ended their racing careers there and a number remained to become an important part of the European horse breeding industry. Thoroughbred Times reported that more than 1,500 American horses were sent overseas between 1908 and 1913 and of them at least 24 were either past, present, or future Champions. A February 21, 1913 ruling by the New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division saw horse racing return in 1913. However, the number of quality stallions in the United States had diminished to such an extent that it would take several years to get back to normal. The National Stallion Stakes would not be run again until 1926.
- 0:57.40 @ 5 furlongs: Skin Deep (1939)
- 1:04.00 @ 5.5 furlongs: Timbeau (1963)
Most wins by a jockey:
- 7 - Eddie Arcaro (1941, 1950, 1951, 1952, 1955, 1957, 1958)
Most wins by a trainer:
- 3 - James G. Rowe Sr. (1907, 1909, 1927)
Most wins by an owner:
- 4 - Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney (1930, 1932, 1937, 1945)
|1971||Plum Bold||2||Eddie Maple||Reggie Cornell||Calumet Farm||5 F||1:01.80||$19,417|
|1970||Proudest Roman||2||Pete Anderson||Woody Stephens||Mrs. John A. Morris||5.5 F||1:05.20||$20,458|
|1969||Jackal||2||Eddie Belmonte||Lucien Laurin||Claiborne Farm||5.5 F||1:05.20||$19,607|
|1968||Maison de Ville||2||Ron Turcotte||Edward L. Holton||Pin Oak Stable||5.5 F||1:05.20||$19,318|
|1967||What A Pleasure||2||Eddie Belmonte||Edward A. Neloy||Wheatley Stable||5.5 F||1:04.80||$18,933|
|1966||Great Power||2||Braulio Baeza||Edward A. Neloy||Wheatley Stable||5.5 F||1:04.60||$20,328|
|1965||Buckpasser (DH)||2||Braulio Baeza||William C. Winfrey||Ogden Phipps||5.5 F||1:04.60||$13,842|
|1965||Hospitality (DH)||2||Bobby Ussery||Hirsch Jacobs||Ethel D. Jacobs||5.5 F||1:04.60||$13,842|
|1964||Bold Lad||2||Braulio Baeza||William C. Winfrey||Wheatley Stable||5.5 F||1:04.00||$18,362|
|1963||Timbeau||2||John L. Rotz||William O. Hicks||Cambridge Stable (Perry Pease/Francis Kiernan)||5.5 F||1:04.00||$19,942|
|1962||O'Calaway||2||John L. Rotz||Burley E. Parke||Harbor View Farm||5.5 F||1:05.00||$21,086|
|1961||Sir Gaylord||2||Ismael Valenzuela||Casey Hayes||Meadow Stable||5.5 F||1:04.80||$21,697|
|1960||Errard King Jr.||2||Sam Boulmetis||Walter U. Ridenour||Joe Gavegnano||5.5 F||1:05.80||$19,857|
|1959||Ouija Board||2||David Erb||Larry H. Thompson||Modie J. Spiegel||5 F||0:58.00||$19,746|
|1958||Restless Wind||2||Eddie Arcaro||Horatio Luro||Llangolen Farm||5 F||0:58.80||$20,513|
|1957||Jester||2||Eddie Arcaro||Winbert F. Mulholland||George D. Widener Jr.||5 F||0:56.40||$20,825|
|1956||Bureaucracy||2||Sidney Cole||James E. Fitzsimmons||Ogden Phipps||5 F||0:57.20||$25,685|
|1955||Polly's Jet||2||Eddie Arcaro||Russell M. Downes||Barclay Stable||5 F||0:56.20||$14,725|
|1954||Islander||2||Hedley Woodhouse||Winbert F. Mulholland||George D. Widener Jr.||5 F||0:58.60||$20,940|
|1953||Porterhouse||2||Bill Boland||Charles E. Whittingham||Llangollen Farm||5 F||0:57.80||$20,120|
|1952||Tahitian King||2||Eddie Arcaro||James P. Conway||Ben F. Whitaker||5 F||0:56.00||$17,940|
|1951||Jet Master||2||Eddie Arcaro||George M. Odom||Marlboro Stud Farm (Joseph Eitinger)||5 F||0:55.80||$16,040|
|1950||Volt||2||Eddie Arcaro||Frank S. Barnett||Hal Price Headley||5 F||0:59.60||$17,030|
|1949||The Diver||2||Ovie Scurlock||Sherrill W. Ward||Russell A. Firestone||5 F||0:57.60||$15,080|
|1948||Mr. Busher||2||Ferrill Zufelt||James W. Smith||Maine Chance Farm||5 F||0:57.40||$18,550|
|1947||My Request||2||Ronnie Nash||James P. Conway||Ben F. Whitaker||5 F||0:57.80||$15,700|
|1946||Jet Pilot||2||Eric Guerin||Jimmy Smith||Maine Chance Farm||5 F||0:56.60||$15,690|
|1945||Enfilade||2||Arnold Kirkland||Lydell T. Ruff||Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney||5 F||0:58.60||$12,845|
|1944||Flood Town||2||Warren Mehrtens||Max Hirsch||Edward Lasker||5 F||0:57.40||$12,230|
|1943||Mrs. Ames||2||Ted Atkinson||Preston M. Burch||Longchamps Farms (Henry Lustig)||5 F||0:58.80||$12,620|
|1942||Suncap||2||John Gilbert||Richard E. Handlen||Foxcatcher Farm||5 F||0:57.80||$13,410|
|1941||Some Chance||2||Eddie Arcaro||Ben A. Jones||Calumet Farm||5 F||0:59.00||$12,140|
|1940||Attention||2||Leon Haas||Max Hirsch||Anna C. Corning||5 F||0:58.40||$15,590|
|1939||Skin Deep||2||Raymond Workman||Joseph H. Stotler||Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt Jr.||5 F||0:57.40||$10,380|
|1938||Donita M||2||Johnny Longden||Phil Reuter||Longchamps Farms (Henry Lustig)||5 F||0:58.20||$11,330|
|1937||The Chief||2||Raymond Workman||Thomas J. Healey||Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney||5 F||0:58.00||$12,630|
|1936||Pompoon||2||Maurice Peters||Cyrus Field Clarke||Jerome H. Louchheim||5 F||0:59.00||$13,850|
|1935||Delphinium||2||John Gilbert||Robert Augustus Smith||Brookmeade Stable||5 F||0:58.40||$11,720|
|1934||Plat Eye||2||Silvio Coucci||William Brennan||Greentree Stable||5 F||0:58.40||$14,170|
|1933||Black Buddy||2||Silvio Coucci||William Brennan||Greentree Stable||5 F||0:58.40||$16,550|
|1932||Caterwaul||2||Raymond Workman||Thomas J. Healey||Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney||5 F||0:58.20||$27,405|
|1931||Osculator||2||Earl Steffen||Bennett W. Creech||William R. Coe||5 F||0:59.60||$25,820|
|1930||Equipoise||2||Raymond Workman||Fred Hopkins||Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney||5 F||0:59.60||$25,400|
|1929||Crazy Coot||2||Alfred Robertson||James G. Rowe Jr.||Harry Payne Whitney||5 F||1:00.20||$25,740|
|1928||Blue Larkspur||2||Anthony Pascuma||Herbert J. Thompson||Edward R. Bradley||5 F||0:59.00||$25,470|
|1927||Groucher||2||Earl Sande||James G. Rowe Sr.||Harry Payne Whitney||5 F||0:59.80||$22,710|
|1926||Chance Shot||2||Earl Sande||Peter W. Coyne||Joseph E. Widener||5 F||0:58.60||$13,095|
|1913||- 1925||race not held|
|1912||No races held due to the Hart–Agnew Law.|
|1910||Semprolus||2||Fred Langan||Frank Ernest||Richard F. Carman Sr.||5 F||0:58.80||$4,925|
|1909||Sweep||2||Guy Burns||James G. Rowe Sr.||James R. Keene||5.5 F||1:08.20||$13,180|
|1908||Sir Martin||2||James Lee||John E. Madden||John E. Madden||5 F||0:00.00 †||$9,875|
|1907||Colin||2||Walter Miller||James G. Rowe Sr.||James R. Keene||5 F||0:58.00||$10,066|
|1906||Charles Edward||2||Walter Miller||A. Jack Joyner||Sidney Paget||5 F||0:59.40||$8,083|
|1905||First Water||2||Frank O'Neill||Fred Burlew||Newton Bennington||5 F||1:03.40||$9,879|
|1904||Tanya||2||Willie Shaw||John W. Rogers||Harry Payne Whitney||5 F||0:58.20||$10,975|
|1903||Magistrate||2||John Bullman||John J. Hyland||August Belmont Jr.||5 F||0:58.00||$12,483|
|1902||Mizzen||2||John Bullman||John J. Hyland||August Belmont Jr.||5 F||0:56.50||$10,837|
|1901||Cunard||2||Winfield O'Connor||Green B. Morris||Green B. Morris||5 F||1:01.00||$11,155|
|1900||Bonnibert||2||Nash Turner||Thomas Welsh||Charles Fleischman's Sons||5 F||1:00.75||$15,352|
|1899||Pupil||2||George M. Odom||Green B. Morris||Green B. Morris||5 F||0:58.75||$14,527|
|1898||Jean Bereaud||2||Tod Sloan||Sam Hildreth||John Daly||5 F||0:59.00||$15,502|
- † Due to a "blinding rainstorm", in 1908 there was no time taken.
- "Jean Bereaud's Fine Race; Defeated Glenheim After a Pretty Fight for the National Stallion Race of $20,000". New York Times, page 5. 1898-05-15. Retrieved 2020-03-08.
- "Porterhouse Takes National Stallion Stakes by a Neck at Belmont". New York Times, Section Sports, page 40. 1953-06-11. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
- "The Inside Track - Racing To History". NTRA. 2011-06-10. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
- "Hermis, First Romping, Surprised Horsemen". New York Times, page 13. 1904-05-22. Retrieved 2020-03-10.
- "Belmont Stakes Chart". New York Times, Section Sports, page 1 & 9. 1938-06-05. Retrieved 2020-03-10.
- "Count Fleet First By Thirty Lengths". New York Times, page 1. 1943-06-06. Retrieved 2020-03-10.
- "42,832 See Pavot Defeat Wildlife in Belmont Stakes". New York Times, Section Sports, page 33. 1945-06-24. Retrieved 2020-03-10.
- "Batter Up Next, 1 1/2 Lengths Back; Part of Odds-On Entry With Broadway Trails Cicada -- Jazz Queen Third". New York Times, page 38. 1961-06-20. Retrieved 2020-03-08.
- "Sir Gaylord, $8, Triumphs in Colt Division of National Stallion at Belmont". New York Times, page 39. 1961-06-27. Retrieved 2020-03-08.
- "Bold Lad Victor by Half Length In $28,250 Stakes at Aqueduct". New York Times, page 39. 1964-06-23. Retrieved 2020-03-08.
- "Unbeaten Queen Empress 2‐Length Victor at Aqueduct". New York Times, page 50. 1964-06-16. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
- "Rondeau, 1‐to‐20 Choice, Scores by 11 Lengths at Belmont". New York Times, page 52. Retrieved 2020-03-08.
- "Plum Bold and Plumb Grey Triumph; Stallion Stakes Won by 7 Lengths". New York Times, page 54. 1971-06-17. Retrieved 2020-03-07.
- "Penalties in the New York Bills". Daily Racing Form at University of Kentucky Archives. 1908-01-18. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- Liebman, Bennett (May 24, 2009). "The First American Triple Crown Series". The Rail. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
- "Racing Men Attack Anti-Betting Bills - Place Every Man Who Makes Private Wager in Jeopardy". New York Times. 1910-04-07. Retrieved 2019-06-29.
- Times, Special To The New York (July 14, 1911). "Race Track Bill Defeated In Senate; Measure Modifying Directors' Liability for Gambling Fails of Passage". Retrieved September 2, 2017 – via NYTimes.com.
- "Thoroughbred Times". www.ThoroughbredTimes.com. February 14, 2000. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
- "Oral Betting Held Legal: Appellate Division of New York Supreme Court Renders Important Decision". Daily Racing Form at University of Kentucky Archives. 1913-02-22. Retrieved 2019-06-29.
- "National Stallion Stakes to Sir Martin". National Stallion Stakes to Sir Martin. 1908-05-31. Retrieved 2020-03-13.