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National scenic area (Scotland)

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A map of the National Scenic Areas of Scotland

A national scenic area (NSA) is a conservation designation used in Scotland, and administered by Scottish Natural Heritage. The designation’s purpose is to identify areas of exceptional scenery and to ensure its protection from inappropriate development. There are currently 40 national scenic areas (NSAs) in Scotland, covering 13% of the land area of Scotland.[1] The areas protected by the designation are considered to represent the type of scenic beauty "popularly associated with Scotland and for which it is renowned".[2] As such they tend to be mainly found in the remote, mountainous areas of Scotland,[1] with an SNH review in 1997 noting a potential weakness of national scenic areas was that the original selection placed undue emphasis on the mountainous parts of Scotland.[3] National scenic areas do however also cover seascapes, with approximately 26% of the total area protected by the designation being marine.[4]

National scenic areas are designated by the IUCN as Category V Protected Landscapes, the same international category as Scotland's two national parks.[1] Within the United Kingdom the NSA designation is regarded as being equivalent to the Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONBs) of England and Wales.[1]

The designation is primarily concerned with scenic qualities, although areas designated as a national scenic area may well have other special qualities, for example related to culture, history, archaeology, geology or wildlife. Areas with such qualities may be protected via other designations (e.g. national nature reserve) that overlap with the NSA designation.[5]

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
The Cuillin Hills national scenic area.

Following the Second World War, the Labour government passed the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949, which led to the creation of ten national parks in England and Wales between 1951 and 1957, although no parks were created in Scotland. A committee, chaired by Sir Douglas Ramsay, was however established to consider preservation of the landscape in Scotland. The report, published in 1945 proposed that five areas (Loch Lomond & the Trossachs, the Cairngorms, Glen Coe-Ben Nevis-Black Mount, Wester Ross and Glen Strathfarrar-Glen Affric-Glen Cannich) should be receive a level of protection.[6] Accordingly, the government designated these areas as "national park direction areas", giving powers for planning decisions taken by local authorities to be reviewed by central government. Following a further review of landscape protection in 1978, additional areas were identified for protection, and in 1981 the direction areas were replaced by the national scenic area designation, which were based on the 1978 recommendations.[3]

SNH reviewed the national scenic areas between November 2007 and March 2009 in an attempt to identify the qualities that makes the scenery of each NSA so special,[5] however no formal review into the number and extent has been undertaken since the original report. The current national scenic areas, which therefore remain as originally mapped in 1978, were redesignated under legislation in 2010.[7] Despite calls from bodies such as the John Muir Trust[8] for the protection to be extended to other areas to protect landscape and support tourism the Scottish Government has stated that it has no plans to designate further areas, although in September 2017 the Scottish Parliament’s Public Petitions Committee asked the government to explain why it is not reviewing the NSAs.[8]

OperationEdit

 
The Kyles of Bute national scenic area in Argyll and Bute.

There is no equivalent to a national park authority for national scenic areas, rather it is a designation to provide an additional level of protection to specified areas. For developments that would ordinarily require only local authority planning permission the Scottish Government must be informed if advice from Scottish Natural Heritage is ignored.[9] Additionally, there are some classes of development that would not normally require planning permission to proceed when located outwith a national scenic area, but which are subject to controls within them. These developments include the erection of agricultural and forestry buildings over 12 m high, the construction of vehicle tracks for agriculture or forestry purposes (unless forming part of an approved scheme), and local authority roadworks outside present road boundaries costing more than £100,000.[9]

Local authorities can produce a management strategy for each of the NSA within its territory. This strategy defines the area's special qualities and identifies the actions needed to safeguard them. As of 2018, only the three national scenic areas within Dumfries and Galloway have current management strategies .[10]

Public acccess to all land in Scotland is governed by the Land Reform (Scotland) Act 2003, which grants the public a right of responsible access to most land (and water) for activities such as walking, camping, cycling, canoeing, swimming and climbing; this right applies to land regardless of ownership or whether or not it is in a designated or protected area such as an NSA, providing it is exercised responsibly (as defined by the Scottish Outdoor Access Code).[11]

List of national scenic areasEdit

There are forty national scenic areas at present.[12]

Name Land area (ha)[4] Marine area (ha)[4] Total area (ha)[4] Local Authorities with areas inside NSA[4]
Assynt-Coigach 86,539 43,285 129,824 Highland
Ben Nevis and Glen Coe 90,334 1,944 92,278 Highland/Argyll and Bute/Perth and Kinross
Cairngorm Mountains 65,541 0 65,541 Highland/Aberdeenshire/Moray (also within Cairngorms National Park)
Cuillin Hills 22,726 4,594 27,320 Highland
Deeside and Lochnagar 39,787 0 39,787 Aberdeenshire/Angus (also within Cairngorms National Park)
Dornoch Firth 11,542 4,240 15,782 Highland
East Stewartry Coast 8,447 1,173 9,620 Dumfries and Galloway
Eildon and Leaderfoot 3,877 0 3,877 Scottish Borders
Fleet Valley 5,373 481 5,854 Dumfries and Galloway
Glen Affric 18,837 0 18,837 Highland
Glen Strathfarrar 4,027 0 4,027 Highland
Hoy and West Mainland 16,479 7,928 24,407 Orkney Islands
Jura 21,072 9,245 30,317 Argyll and Bute
Kintail 16,070 1,079 17,149 Highland
Knapdale 20,821 12,011 32,832 Argyll and Bute
Knoydart 40,201 10,495 50,696 Highland
Kyle of Tongue 21,093 3,396 24,488 Highland
Kyles of Bute 4,723 1,016 5,739 Argyll and Bute
Loch Lomond 28,077 0 28,077 Argyll and Bute/Stirling/West Dunbartonshire (also within Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park)
Loch na Keal, Isle of Mull 13,507 30,742 44,250 Argyll and Bute
Loch Rannoch and Glen Lyon 48,625 0 48,625 Perth and Kinross/Stirling
Loch Shiel 13,045 0 13,045 Highland
Loch Tummel 9,013 0 9,013 Perth and Kinross
Lynn of Lorn 5,638 10,088 15,726 Argyll and Bute
Morar, Moidart and Ardnamurchan 17,220 19,736 36,956 Highland
North Arran 20,360 6,943 27,304 North Ayrshire
Nith Estuary 14,310 28 14,337 Dumfries and Galloway
North West Sutherland 23,415 3,151 26,565 Highland
River Earn (Comrie to St. Fillans) 3,108 0 3,108 Perth and Kinross
River Tay (Dunkeld) 5,708 0 5,708 Perth and Kinross
Scarba, Lunga and the Garvellachs 2,139 4,402 6,542 Argyll and Bute
Shetland 15,486 26,347 41,833 Shetland Islands
Small Isles 16,271 30,964 47,235 Highland
South Lewis, Harris and North Uist 112,301 90,087 202,388 Western Isles
South Uist Machair 6,289 7,025 13,314 Western Isles
St Kilda 865 6,101 6,966 Western Isles
The Trossachs 4,850 0 4,850 Stirling (also within Loch Lomond and the Trossachs National Park)
Trotternish 6,128 1,789 7,916 Highland
Upper Tweeddale 12,770 0 12,770 Scottish Borders
Wester Ross 143,881 19,574 163,456 Highland

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "National Scenic Areas". Scottish Natural Heritage. Retrieved 2018-01-17.
  2. ^ "Countryside and Landscape in Scotland - National Scenic Areas". Scottish Government. 2017-07-04. Retrieved 2018-01-31.
  3. ^ a b "National Scenic Areas Review" (PDF). SNH. 1997. Retrieved 2018-02-05.
  4. ^ a b c d e "National Scenic Areas - Maps". SNH. 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  5. ^ a b "The special qualities of the National Scenic Areas" (PDF). Scottish Natural Heritage. 2010. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  6. ^ "History Leading to the Cairngorms National Park". Cairngorms National Park Authority. Retrieved 2018-01-15.
  7. ^ "National Scenic Areas: background, guidance and policy". SNH. Retrieved 2018-01-31.
  8. ^ a b "National Scenic Areas debated in Scottish Parliament". John Muir Trust. 2017-09-21. Retrieved 2018-01-30.
  9. ^ a b "Development management and National Scenic Areas". SNH. 2017. Retrieved 2018-01-23.
  10. ^ "National Scenic Areas (NSAs)". Dumfries and Galloway council. 2017-12-08. Retrieved 2018-01-24.
  11. ^ "Scottish Outdoor Access Code" (PDF). Scottish Natural Heritage. 2005. Retrieved 2018-01-16.
  12. ^ "National Scenic Areas Scotland's finest landscapes" (PDF). SNH. December 2010. Retrieved 2018-01-21.

External linksEdit