National Romanian Fascio

The National Romanian Fascio (Romanian: Fascia Națională Română) was a small fascist group that was active in Romania for a short time during the 1920s.

Swastika-and-letter-F symbol of the National Romanian Fascio

Led by Titus Panaitescu Vifor, the group emerged from the short-lived National Fascist Party in 1921 and, at its peak, had around 1,500 members. It defined itself as national socialist, and generally it pursued a policy of corporatism, land reform and support for the creation of agricultural cooperatives.[1] It was critical of capitalism and also espoused antisemitism.[2] The movement's main areas of influence were Western Moldavia, Bukovina, and Banat.[3]

The party merged with the National Italo-Romanian Cultural and Economical Movement in 1923 to form the National Fascist Movement, although a small rump movement carried on, with little significance. Both groups shared a close affinity to Italian fascism which facilitated their merger.[4]

External linksEdit

  1. ^ Stanley G. Payne, A History of Fascism 1914-45, Routledge, 2001, p. 136
  2. ^ F.L. Carsten, The Rise of Fascism, Methuen & Co, 1974, p. 184
  3. ^ Chronology of Romanian Fascism Archived 2005-11-24 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ R. Ioanid , 'Romania', RJB Bosworth, The Oxford Handbook of Fascism, Oxford University Press, 2009, pp, 402-3