Open main menu

Wikipedia β

The National Radio Company of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Національна радіокомпанія України, NRCU) was the publicly funded radio broadcaster in Ukraine which has merged with the country's national broadcaster National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine.[1] Until the creation of the National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine in 2015 the National Radio Company of Ukraine was an independent company.[2]

National Radio Company of Ukraine (NRCU)
Type Radio network
Country Ukraine
Availability International
Owner Government of Ukraine
Key people
Victor Nabrusko (President of National Radio Company of Ukraine)
Launch date
November 16, 1924
Official website
http://www.nrcu.gov.ua/

Radio broadcasts in Ukraine, at the time part of the USSR, began in Kharkiv in 1924, and a nationwide radio network was initiated in 1928.[3] (In the first years of the USSR Kharkiv was the capital of Ukraine, from December 1919 to January 1934, after which the capital relocated to Kiev.[4])

Contents

BroadcastingEdit

The National Radio Company of Ukraine (NRCU) broadcasts 97.5 hours daily on its three home channels and Radio Ukraine International (RUI) a channel for foreign listeners. Home channels broadcast in Ukrainian (except for some of the local programming produced in the languages of the minorities). Shortwave broadcasts for abroad are produced in English, German and Romanian.

NRCU is currently available on FM-OIRT, FM, MW, LW, Satellite and the Internet. Test broadcasts of the three domestic channels had also been available via DVB-T in Kiev until 1 April 2009. The usage of FM-OIRT and MW is being phased out in favour of FM, digital broadcasting and the Internet.

ChannelsEdit

  • The First Channel

The First Channel is a news and current affairs channel that also features literary and musical programmes, programmes for children and youth. Channel 1 also broadcasts live sittings of the Ukrainian parliament (the Verkhovna Rada). As of 1 February 2009, this channel broadcasts 24 hours a day (previously, there had been a break between 01:00 and 05:30 (weekdays) or 06:00 (weekends)). Nevertheless, night segment contains only repeats of the day-time shows and there are no hourly newscats. This night segment is only available via the Internet, Satellite and limited number of FM outlets.
Live broadcast AAC+, 128 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast AAC+, 48 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast MP3, 192 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast MP3, 128 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast MP3, 56 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast Ogg Vorbis, 128 kbit/s, stereo

  • The Second Channel "Promin" (Ray)

Information-musical youth channel deals with the most urgent problems of young people in Ukraine, in particular it helps to get oriented towards choosing one's trade, informs of the most important events in the life of youth, acquaints with modern Ukrainian music.
Live broadcast AAC+, 128 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast AAC+, 48 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast MP3, 192 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast MP3, 128 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast MP3, 56 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast Ogg Vorbis, 128 kbit/s, stereo

  • The Third Channel

UR Third Programme - "Channel of spiritual rebirth Radio "Kultura" which is basically aimed at creating in domestic radio space a special environment of high spiritual culture involving mass listeners' audience.
Live broadcast AAC+, 128 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast AAC+, 48 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast MP3, 192 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast MP3, 128 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast MP3, 56 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast Ogg Vorbis, 128 kbit/s, stereo

RUI acquaints foreign listeners with all diversity of political and social-economic life in Ukraine. A full program schedule of shortwave broadcasts, and program details are available following the Radio Ukraine International link.

Live broadcast AAC+, 128 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast AAC+, 48 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast MP3, 192 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast MP3, 128 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast MP3, 56 kbit/s, stereo
Live broadcast Ogg Vorbis, 128 kbit/s, stereo

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Public Broadcasting Company has been launched in Ukraine, Den (8 April 2015)
  2. ^ Poroshenko signs law on public broadcasting company, Interfax-Ukraine (8 April 2015)
  3. ^ Ivan Katchanovski; Zenon E. Kohut; Bohdan Y. Nebesio; Myroslav Yurkevich (2013). "Media" entry in Historical Dictionary of Ukraine. Scarecrow Press. p. 365. ISBN 9780810878471. 
  4. ^ Liber, George (1992). Soviet Nationality Policy, Urban Growth, and Identity Change in the Ukrainian SSR, 1923-1934. Cambridge University Press. 

External linksEdit