National Party of Australia – NSW

The National Party of Australia – N.S.W.[a] , commonly known as the NSW Nationals, is a political party in New South Wales which forms the state branch of the federal Nationals. Traditionally representing graziers, farmers and rural voters generally, it began as the Progressive Party, from the 1922 split until 1925. It then used the name the Country Party until 1977, when it became the National Country Party. The party's name was changed to the National Party of Australia in 1982.

National Party of Australia – N.S.W.
LeaderJohn Barilaro
Deputy LeaderPaul Toole
Founded1919
Youth wingYoung Nationals
IdeologyConservatism
Agrarianism[1]
Political positionCentre-right
ColoursGreen and Yellow
Legislative Assembly
13 / 93
Legislative Council
6 / 42
House of
Representatives
7 / 46
(NSW seats)
Senate
2 / 12
(NSW seats)
Website
nswnationals.org.au
John Barilaro, the party's current leader and Deputy Premier of New South Wales.

The party, commonly referred to as "The Nationals," has generally been the junior partner in a centre-right Coalition with the NSW branch of the Liberal Party of Australia. Since 1927, the Nationals have been in Coalition with the Liberals and their predecessors, the Nationalist Party of Australia (1927–1931), the United Australia Party (1931–1943), the Democratic Party (1943–1944) and the United Democratic Party (1944–1945). New South Wales is the only state where the Coalition has never been broken, and yet has not merged into a unified non-Labor party.

During periods of conservative government, the leader of the Nationals also serves as Deputy Premier of New South Wales. When the conservatives are in opposition, the Liberal and National parties usually form a joint opposition bench.

HistoryEdit

Name changesEdit

  • 13 October 1919 – The Farmers' and Settlers' Association of New South Wales, the NSW Graziers' Association and the People's Party of Soldiers and Citizens meet as the first electoral council of the Progressive Party of New South Wales.
  • 15 December 1921 – Split of the Progressive Party between urban and rural wings. Rural wing (known as the "True Blues") continues as the Progressive Party.
  • 12 August 1925 – Michael Bruxner announces to the NSW Legislative Assembly that the party has changed its name to the Country Party of New South Wales.
  • 24 September 1931 – In order to clarify its support for the New England New State Movement, the party name changes to the United Country Party of New South Wales.
  • 9 February 1944 – The State Conference agrees to a further name change as the Australian Country Party (N.S.W.).
  • 26 June 1976 – The State Conference held in Broken Hill rejects a proposal to follow the federal party and rename itself as the "National Country Party of Australia – NSW".
  • 26 June 1977 – The following State Conference held in Coffs Harbour approves the name change to the National Country Party of Australia – NSW.
  • 26 June 1982 – The annual State Conference held in Wagga Wagga approves the name change to the National Party of Australia – NSW. The federal party does not make the same change until its Federal Conference on 16 October.
  • 25 October 2003 – The NSW Central Council of the party approves the 11 October decision of the federal executive to use the term, The Nationals, in all state and federal election campaigns.[3]

Neo-Nazi infiltrationEdit

In 2018, the party revealed that approximately 30 members of its youth wing were being investigated for alleged links to neo-Nazism. Party leader Michael McCormack denounced these attempts stating that: "The Nationals will not tolerate extremism or the politics of hate. People found to engage with such radicalism are not welcome in our party. We are a grassroots party proudly championing what matters most to our regional and rural communities – always has been, always will be". Several suspected neo-Nazis were expelled from the party and its youth wing. The leader of the NSW Nationals, John Barilaro, also denounced racism and fascism within the party stating that: "I have no problems calling this out, this is something I’m very strong on, I do not accept racism".[4]

Leaders of the New South Wales National PartyEdit

This is a list of the Leaders of the National Party of Australia in New South Wales.

Party Leader Start of Term End of Term Deputy Premier
Sir Michael Bruxner 1921 1925
Ernest Buttenshaw 1925 1932
Sir Michael Bruxner 1932 1958 1932–1941
Sir Davis Hughes 1958 1959
Sir Charles Cutler 1959 1975 1965–1975
Leon Punch 1975 1985 1975–1976
Wal Murray 1985 1993 1988–1993
Ian Armstrong 1993 1999 1993–1995
George Souris 1999 2003
Andrew Stoner 2003 16 October 2014 (2014-10-16) 2011–16 October 2014 (2014-10-16)
Troy Grant 16 October 2014 (2014-10-16) 15 November 2016 (2016-11-15) 16 October 2014 (2014-10-16)–15 November 2016
John Barilaro 15 November 2016 (2016-11-15) incumbent incumbent

Deputy Leaders of the New South Wales National PartyEdit

Deputy Leader Start of Term End of Term
William Fleming 1922 1922
Ernest Buttenshaw 1922 1925
William Missingham 1925 1932
David Drummond 1932 1949
Roy Vincent 1950 1953
Doug Dickson 1953 1958
Sir Charles Cutler 1958 1959
Bill Chaffey 1959 1968
Davis Hughes 1968 1973
Leon Punch 1973 1975
Tim Bruxner 1975 1981
Wal Murray 1981 1984
Ian Armstrong 1984 1993
George Souris 1993 1999
John Turner 1999 2003
Don Page 2003 2007
Andrew Fraser 2007 2008
Adrian Piccoli 2008 2016
Niall Blair 2016 2019
Paul Toole 2019 Incumbent

State election resultsEdit

Election Seats won ± Total votes % Position Leader
1927
13 / 90
 4 100,963 8.89% NP-CP Coalition government Ernest Buttenshaw
1930
12 / 90
 1 126,779 9.56% Opposition Ernest Buttenshaw
1932
23 / 90
 11 175,862 13.16% UAP-CP Coalition government Michael Bruxner
1935
23 / 90
162,178 12.92% UAP-CP Coalition government Michael Bruxner
1938
22 / 90
 1 164,045 13.86% UAP-CP Coalition government Michael Bruxner
1941
12 / 90
 10 153,639 11.05% Opposition Michael Bruxner
1944
10 / 90
 2 131,950 10.41% Opposition Michael Bruxner
1947
15 / 90
 5 162,467 10.22% Opposition Michael Bruxner
1950
17 / 94
 2 144,573 8.97% Opposition Michael Bruxner
1953
14 / 94
 3 179,680 11.6% Opposition Michael Bruxner
1956
15 / 94
 1 172,020 10.16% Opposition Michael Bruxner
1959
16 / 94
 1 148,738 8.71% Opposition Charles Cutler
1962
14 / 94
 2 180,640 9.37% Opposition Charles Cutler
1965
16 / 94
 2 208,826 10.23% LP-CP Coalition government Charles Cutler
1968
17 / 94
 1 229,656 10.62% LP-CP Coalition government Charles Cutler
1971
17 / 96
193,509 8.65% LP-CP Coalition government Charles Cutler
1973
18 / 99
 1 261,504 10.48% LP-CP Coalition government Leon Punch
1976
18 / 99
270,603 10.03% Opposition Leon Punch
1978
17 / 99
 1 276,984 9.90% Opposition Leon Punch
1981
14 / 99
 3 314,841 11.21% Opposition Leon Punch
1984
15 / 99
 1 266,095 8.85% Opposition Leon Punch
1988
20 / 109
 5 440,482 13.74% LP-NP Coalition government Wal Murray
1991
17 / 99
 3 324,214 10.52% LP-NP Minority government Wal Murray
1995
17 / 99
378,878 11.10% Opposition Ian Armstrong
1999
13 / 93
 4 331,343 8.87% Opposition George Souris
2003
12 / 93
 1 368,004 9.63% Opposition George Souris
2007
13 / 93
 1 396,023 10.05% Opposition Andrew Stoner
2011
18 / 93
 5 521,864 12.56% LP-NP Coalition government Andrew Stoner
2015
17 / 93
 1 464,653 10.55% LP-NP Coalition government Troy Grant
2019
13 / 93
 4 401,718 9.87% LP-NP Coalition government John Barilaro

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The party name includes the periods in "N.S.W." according to the Australian Electoral Commission.[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "National Party Constitution" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2013. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Current register of political parties". Australian Electoral Commission. 22 March 2017.
  3. ^ Davey, Paul (2006). The Nationals: The Progressive, Country, and National Party in New South Wales 1919–2006. Leichhardt: Federation Press. pp. 452–453.
  4. ^ An abridged list of articles discussing neo-Nazi infiltration:

External linksEdit