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National Heroes Acre (Zimbabwe)

Looking down to the statue of the unknown soldier

National Heroes Acre or simply Heroes Acre is a burial ground and national monument in Harare, Zimbabwe. The 57-acre (230,000 m2) site is situated on a ridge seven kilometres from Harare, towards Norton. Its stated purpose is to commemorate Patriotic Front guerrillas killed during the Rhodesian Bush War, and contemporary Zimbabweans whose dedication or commitment to their country justify their interment at the shrine. Persons buried here are considered heroes by the incumbent Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front regime, which has administered the country since independence at 1980.[1] Indeed, most of the recipients of the 'hero status' were known to be Zanu-PF sympathisers.[2] The actual monument itself is modeled after two AK-47s lying back-to-back; the graves are meant to resemble their magazines.[3][4] The monument is an early example of work of the North Korean firm Mansudae Overseas Projects. It closely mirrors the design of the Revolutionary Martyrs' Cemetery in Taesong-guyŏk, just outside Pyongyang, North Korea.[5]

Contents

ConstructionEdit

Work was initiated on the National Heroes' Acre in September 1981, a year after Zimbabwean independence. Ten Zimbabwean and seven North Korean architects and artists were recruited to map the site's layout. 250 local workers were involved in the project at the height of its construction. Black granite used for the main structures was quarried from Mutoko, about 140 kilometres northeast of the capital, then known as Salisbury.

National HeroesEdit

National Hero Status is the highest honour that can be conferred to an individual by Zimbabwe and the recipient is entitled to be buried at the National Heroes' Acre. As of 7 August 2001, 47 persons had been interred on site.

FeaturesEdit

The Tomb of the Unknown SoldierEdit

 
The statue of the unknown soldier

The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier recognises unidentified insurgents who lost their lives during the liberation war. Included is a bronze statue of three guerrillas – one female, two male – a flagpole, and an ornate artifice.[3]

The Eternal FlameEdit

The Eternal Flame rests atop a tower measuring some forty metres. It was lit at independence celebrations in 1982 and embodies the spirit of Zimbabwean independence. The tower is the highest point at Heroes' Acre; it can readily be viewed from Harare.

Wall MuralsEdit

Two walls on either side of the monument carry murals depicting the history of Zimbabwe, from pre-colonial times through the Chimurenga, the Rhodesian Bush War, and independence under national hero Robert Mugabe.

MuseumEdit

Near the entrance of Heroes' Acre is a museum dedicated to the rise of African nationalism in Zimbabwe and the anti-colonial struggle, showcasing artifacts, photographs, documents and other paraphernalia from the war and the period shortly after independence Zimbabwe National heroes buried at the shrine.

  1. Cephas Cele
  2. Felix Ngwarati Muchemwa
  3. sabina mugabe
  4. Edgar Tekere
  5. Samuel "Mayor Urimbo" Mamutse
  6. dzingai mutumbuka
  7. Lameck Makanda
  8. Daniel Nyamayaro Madzimbamuto
  9. stanford shamu (solo maimbodei)
  10. Joshua Mqabuko Nyongolo Nkomo
  11. Simon C. Mazorodze
  12. Josiah Magama Tongogara
  13. Sally Hayfron Mugabe
  14. Jason Ziyaphapha Moyo
  15. Alfred Nikita Mangena
  16. Herbert Wiltshire Chitepo
  17. Leopold Takawira
  18. Masotsha Ndlovu
  19. T. M. George Silundika
  20. Johanna "Mama" MaFuyana
  21. Edson Jonasi Mudadirwa Zvobgo
  22. Julia Tukai Zvobgo
  23. Simon Vengai Muzenda
  24. Lookout Masuku
  25. Herbert Sylvester Masiyiwa Ushewokunze
  26. Moven Mahachi
  27. Ernest R. Kadungure
  28. Sydney Donald Malunga
  29. Joseph Culverwell
  30. General Solomon Rex Nhongo Mutusva- Mujuru
  31. Brig General John Zingoni
  32. Josiah Tungamirai
  33. Brigadier General Gumbo
  34. Zororo Duri
  35. Christopher Machingura Ushewokunze
  36. Sikwili Kohli Moyo
  37. Vitalis Zvinavashe
  38. Chenjerai Hunzvi
  39. Border Gezi
  40. Robson Manyika
  41. Josiah Mushore Chinamano
  42. Swithun Mombeshora
  43. Sabina Mugabe
  44. Maurice Nyagumbo
  45. Bernard Chidzero
  46. Elliot Manyika
  47. David Ishemunyoro Karimanzira
  48. Livingstone Mernard Negidi Muzariri
  49. Brig. Gen. Armstrong Gunda
  50. Misheck "Makasha" Chando
  51. Guy Clutton-Brock
  52. John Landa Nkomo
  53. Herbert Mahlaba
  54. Lt. Gen.(Rtd) Amoth Chingombe
  55. Edson Ncube
  56. Elias Kanengoni
  57. Nathan Shamuyarira
  58. Kantibhai Gordanbhai
  59. George Lifa(Maj.Gen)
  60. Cornelius Nhloko
  61. Lieutenant Colonel Harold Chirenda
  62. Mike Karakadzai
  63. Kumbirayi Kangai
  64. Enos Nkala
  65. Solomon Chirume Tawengwa
  66. George Bodzo Nyandoro
  67. Joseph Msika
  68. Witness Mangwende
  69. Gary Settled Tamayi Hlomayi Magadzire
  70. Vivian Mwashita
  71. Victoria Chitepo
  72. Charles Utete
  73. Cephas G. Msipa
  74. Peter Chanetsa

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "National Heroes Acre losing significance?". The Financial Gazette. October 8, 2010. Archived from the original on March 21, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Mugabe says National Heroes Acre is solely for Zanu PF members". Zimbabwe Metro. October 1, 2010. Archived from the original on June 26, 2011. Retrieved August 22, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Things you didn't know about the Heroes' Acre in Harare". Zimbabwe Metro. Archived from the original on April, 6 2014. Retrieved April 30, 2017.  Check date values in: |archive-date= (help)
  4. ^ Farai, Christopher (August 22, 2011). "Heroes Acre: bastionof patriotism, tourist attraction". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved April 30, 2017. 
  5. ^ Kirkwood, Meghan L. E. (2013). "Postindependence Architecture through North Korean Modes: Namibian Commissions of the Mansudae Overseas Project". A companion to Modern African Art. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley Blackwell. ISBN 9781444338379. 

Coordinates: 17°50′04″S 30°59′14″E / 17.83444°S 30.98722°E / -17.83444; 30.98722