National Health Commission

The National Health Commission (NHC; simplified Chinese: 国家卫生健康委员会; traditional Chinese: 國家衛生健康委員會; pinyin: Guójiā Wèishēng Jiànkāng Wěiyuánhuì) of the People's Republic of China is a cabinet-level executive department under the State Council of the People's Republic of China which is responsible for formulating health policies in Mainland China.[2] It was formed on 19 March 2018. The ministry is headquartered in Beijing. The commission is led by a Minister of cabinet rank in the state council. Ma Xiaowei is the current Minister in charge of the Commission and Party Branch Secretary. Its predecessor was the National Health and Family Planning Commission.

National Health Commission of the
People's Republic of China
中华人民共和国国家卫生健康委员会
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guójiā Wèishēng Jiànkāng Wěiyuánhuì
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg
Agency overview
Formed19 March 2018 (2018-03-19)
Preceding agency
JurisdictionChina Mainland China
HeadquartersBeijing
Minister responsible
  • Ma Xiaowei[1], Minister in charge of the National Health Commission
Parent agencyState Council
Websiteen.nhc.gov.cn

HistoryEdit

Throughout most of PRC's rule since 1954, the national Health portfolio has been the responsibility of the Ministry of Health until 2013 which was superseded by the National Health and Family Planning Commission.

In March 2018, the Government of the People's Republic of China announced that the National Health and Family Planning Commission was dissolved and its functions were integrated into the new agency called the National Health Commission.

China is a member of the World Health Organization.[3] Minister Ma reported in the 92nd World Health Assembly, since 1978, China has been focused on improving primary healthcare, develop universal safety net for residents and improving the quality, efficiency and access to primary health care.[3]

2020 coronavirus epidemicEdit

The Commission is the lead agency in mainland China coordinating the national efforts to combat the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak [4]

On 11 February 2020, in order to manage the ongoing health crisis, the following changes were announced[5] by the NHC :

Agencies reporting under the commissionEdit

The following agencies report under the commission.

List of ministersEdit

Ministers of the National Health Commission
No. Name Took office Left office Notes
1 Ma Xiaowei 19 March 2018 Incumbent

Former National Health and Family Planning CommissionEdit

No. Name Took office Left office
1 Li Bin 16 March 2013 March 2018

Former health ministryEdit

No. Name Took office Left office
1 Li Dequan November 1949 January 1965
2 Qian Xinzhong January 1965 June 1968
3 Qiu Guoguang (邱国光) June 1968 June 1970
4 Chen Renhong (陈仁洪) June 1970 July 1973
5 Liu Xiangping (刘湘屏) July 1973 October 1976
vacant
6 Jiang Yizhen (江一真) November 1977 April 1979
(2) Qian Xinzhong April 1979 May 1982
7 Cui Yueli (崔月犁) May 1982 March 1987
8 Chen Minzhang (陈敏章) March 1987 March 1998
9 Zhang Wenkang March 1998 April 2003
10 Wu Yi April 2003 April 2005
11 Gao Qiang April 2005 June 2007
12 Chen Zhu June 2007 16 March 2013

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "China's new cabinet members endorsed". China Daily. 19 March 2018. Archived from the original on 28 May 2019. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Archived copy" 国家卫生健康委员会正式“挂牌”. ifeng (in Chinese). 27 March 2018. Archived from the original on 22 February 2019. Retrieved 22 February 2019.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ a b "China shares experiences in primary health care at 72nd World Health Assembly - Xinhua | English.news.cn". www.xinhuanet.com. Archived from the original on 9 January 2020. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  4. ^ "'Grave situation' as coronavirus claims another life". www.9news.com.au. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  5. ^ Kuo, Lily (11 February 2020), China fires two senior Hubei officials over coronavirus outbreak, The Guardian