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National Football League Players Incorporated (or NFL Players Inc.) is the licensing and marketing subsidiary of the National Football League Players Association. Formed in 2015, NFL Players Inc. facilitates the marketing of players as personalities as well as professional dancers. Notable partners include EA, Nike, and Pepsi.

National Football League Players Incorporated (NFL Players Inc.)
FormationMay 1994
PurposeLicensing and marketing subsidiary of the NFL Players Association
HeadquartersWashington, D.C.
Key people
Ahmad Nassar, President

BackgroundEdit

NFL Players Inc. was created as the for profit marketing subsidiary of the National Football League Players Association, or NFLPA. Its stated goal is helping players in the National Football League use their commercial licensing rights to secure marketing and business opportunities.[1][2][3][4] When players enter the NFL and sign their contract, they also sign a group licensing agreement with the NFLPA, which enables NFL Players Inc. to commercially market them as a group.[3][5] NFL Players Inc. uses these rights through licensing and sponsorship deals with corporate business partners to generate revenue.[5]

NFL Players Inc. has an exclusive agreement with the NFL which enables the NFL to utilize and grant group player rights to NFL sponsors.[6] Active NFL players retain the ability to make their own individual endorsement deals, though deals involving six or more players must go through NFL Players Inc. as a result of its group licensing rights.[7] NFL Players Inc. grants more than 65 consumer product licensees the rights to use players' names, numbers, likenesses, and images for use in trading cards, collectibles, video games, fantasy football, apparel, and other online and retail products and services.[8][9][10] Royalty revenue from such deals is split amongst individual players involved in the deals and the union.[8][11] Approximately 2,000 NFL players are licensed by NFL Players Inc. each year.[5][12]

LeadershipEdit

Pat Allen was the first chief operating officer and executive vice-president of NFL Players Inc. and she retired in October 2006; she was replaced by Andrew Feffer.[2][13][14] Also in 2006, Doug Allen resigned as President of NFL Players Inc. to take the position of executive director of the Screen Actors Guild.[13][14] Feffer resigned from NFL Players Inc. in 2009 and was replaced by Keith Gordon, who at the time was NFL Players Inc. vice president.[12][15] As of 2013, Gordon continued to hold the position of NFL Players Inc. president.[16] Ahmad Nassar, Esq. is the current President of the NFL Players Inc. and has been in that position since February 2, 2015. Nassar previously served as the Executive Vice President of Business Affairs and General Counsel of the NFL Players, Inc. [17]

HistoryEdit

1990sEdit

NFL Players Inc. was formed in May 1994 as a way to find and create marketing opportunities for current and past NFL players, and also grant licenses to use players' names, numbers, likenesses, and images.[5][8]

In 1995, the National Football League Properties filed a trademark infringement lawsuit against NFL Players Inc. and Coors Brewing Company as a result of a planned marketing campaign that labeled Coors Beer as "The Official Beer of NFL Players".[1][18] NFL Players Inc. countered that "NFL Players," was a natural abbreviation of their name, for which they owned the trademark.[1] Although the court ruled in favor of the NFL, Coors was still able to run the campaign after changing a few point of purchase materials.[18] In 1999, through a new partnership with Petty Enterprises, Petty's NASCAR racing team implemented a "Players Inc" themed paint scheme on the team's two cars that were competing in the Winston Cup.[5][19]

2000sEdit

In 2000, Snickers was signed as a corporate sponsor of NFL Players Inc.[20] The next year, the NFL and NFL Players Inc. entered a three-year, $6 million per year joint marketing agreement in which the NFL chose to allow league sponsors to use NFL players in their advertising and marketing campaigns, as well as share a percentage of all sponsorship revenue with the players.[21][22] In exchange, the NFL was also given the ability to grant the rights for licensing and marketing deals involving six or more players, which was previously only possible through NFL Players Inc.[21] Additionally, NFL Players Inc. began using some of the revenue received from the NFL to fund programs that support sponsors when they include athletes in appearances and endorsements.[21]

As a result of the marketing agreement, NFL Players Inc. and the NFL created a nationwide, retail-based program aimed at increasing sales of NFL trading cards at hobby shops through promotions and sweepstakes.[22] The next year, Reebok began licensing players names from NFL Players Inc. and became the NFL's official apparel provider.[23] In an agreement signed in 2005, Electronic Arts was granted exclusive rights to develop, publish, and distribute video games using the names, images, numbers, and likenesses of active NFL players.[8][24][25] At the time the deal took place, video games licensed by NFL Players Inc., such as Madden NFL, were the largest segment in the sports video game market, outselling basketball and baseball video games 4-to-1.[26] In 2007, NFL Players Inc. was sued in a class-action lawsuit filed by Bernie Parrish and Herb Adderley on behalf of over 2,000 retired NFL players which claimed that NFL Players Inc. owed them back licensing fees.[27][28] Emails that surfaced during the discovery process showed that the NFLPA created lower-than-market-value deals for retired players as a favor to sponsors such as EA, leading to the jury awarding a total of $28 million in royalty fees to the retired players, $21 million of which was for punitive damages.[27][29] Although the players union argued that only active players were covered by the agreements in question, as a gesture of goodwill to the retired players, NFLPA executive director DeMaurice Smith decided to not appeal the decision.[27][30] In 2008, NFL Players Inc., alongside the NFL and Visa, created "Financial Football," an interactive video game for students to learn financial planning.[31] The program was distributed to every public high school in Arizona.[31] In March 2009, Yahoo!'s licensing agreements with NFL Players Inc. expired, leading to NFL Players Inc. insisting that Yahoo continue to pay royalties to use players' statistics, photos, and other information for the site's fantasy football game.[32][32] Yahoo! argued that because the information being used was already available to the public, there was no need for authorization.[32] The NFLPA and Yahoo! were able to reach a settlement, and the lawsuit was dismissed.[33]

2010sEdit

In 2010, NFL Players Inc. entered a licensing agreement with Nashville-based startup SchooloftheLegends.com (SOTL).[34] SOTL created a training videos site to connect players with their fans and provide online tips for members of the youth league.[34] The next year, NFL Players Inc. launched a licensing website with Playmark in order to create a simplified way for merchandise and software company's to acquire the rights of NFL players from NFL Players Inc.[12][35] Playmark, a Seattle-based start-up funded in part by NFL Players Inc., created the first sport-based software that allowed licensors to utilize an online process to secure the rights of players.[12][35] The One Team Shop, originally the NFLPA Shop, was launched by NFL Players Inc. as an e-commerce site in July 2012 to sell merchandise for current players.[36]

Events and mediaEdit

NFL Players Inc. has also had a large role in creating events marketing NFL Players, including some on television and radio. In 1995, they were involved in the creation of the annual NFLPA Rookie Premiere, a multi-day event where new members of the league have their first trading card photo shoots, learn about their union and NFL Players Inc.'s initiatives, and are given advice on life as a rookie.[3][22] The Rookie Premiere gives the new players an opportunity to hear about specific issues such as financial and career planning, and the expectations for media and public appearances.[3][4][22] Players are also given the opportunity to meet and interact with NFL Players Inc. partners and licensees, such as Pepsi, Nike, and trading card companies Topps and Panini.[4]

NFL Players Inc. started "Stay Cool in School" in 1997. The education-based community outreach program served as a way to reach out to elementary aged children in Super Bowl host cities.[37] After a preliminary academic, behavior and attendance evaluation, eligible students are invited to write an essay, from which a few are picked to host NFL players in their classrooms.[37][38] The program continued through the 2010 Super Bowl.[38]

In 2001, NFL Players Inc. created an event called "Unsung Heroes," which highlighted players charitable work.[7] The event was aired on television and later became known as the JB Awards.[39] NFL Players Inc. also co-produced "Helmets Off" for many years on Fox Sports, highlighting different players during the offseason and the NFL season.[40] NFL Players Inc. was also responsible for providing players for the annual "Wheel of Fortune NFL Players Week."[7]

The company also produced "Players Inc Radio", originally heard on CBS Radio.[22] In 2010, the program moved to Fox Radio, and Daryl Johnston became a host.[41]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Andy Bernstein (5 July 1995). "NFL-Coors flap gets court date". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  2. ^ a b David Armstrong (13 October 1996). "Players Inc hits paydirt". San Francisco Gate. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d Lori Freifeld (1 August 2004). "Game Face". License Magazine. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  4. ^ a b c Eric Branch (20 May 2013). "NFL rookies get jump on endorsement biz". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  5. ^ a b c d e "Exide 400 Notebook". Sports Illustrated. 11 September 1999. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  6. ^ Barry Janoff (13 May 2013). "Q&A: How First-Year NFL Players Get The Business At The NFLPA Rookie Premiere". NYSportsJournalism.com. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  7. ^ a b c Jon Morgan (25 January 2003). "New playbook works for union". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d Mark Conrad (2010). The Business of Sports: A Primer for Journalists. Routledge. ISBN 0415876532. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Sponsors". NFLPA. nflplayers.com. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
  10. ^ "Licensing". NFLPA. nflplayers.com. 9 December 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  11. ^ Glenn M. Wong (2010). Essentials of sports law. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 666. ISBN 0313356750. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  12. ^ a b c d Aaron Kuriloff (24 October 2011). "NFL Players to Launch Playmark Website for Licensing Images, Autographs". Bloomberg. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  13. ^ a b Catherine Salfino (6 January 1995). "NFL Players Ass'n forms sports marketing unit". Daily News Record. Retrieved 7 June 2013 – via Nexis.
  14. ^ a b Liz Mullen (29 November 2006). "Players Inc Hires Andrew Feffer As COO & Exec VP". Sports Business Daily. Archived from the original on 2017-12-14. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  15. ^ Liz Mullen (12 October 2009). "NFL Players Association brings on D.C. attorneys". Business Journals. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
  16. ^ John Smallwood (20 May 2013). "Eagles' Barkley among NFL rookies learning to market himself". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  17. ^ https://www.nflpa.com/players/news/ahmad-nassar-named-new-president-of-nfl-players-inc
  18. ^ a b "Off the Team: NFL's infringement suit contends Coors is not a player". Promo. September 1999. Retrieved 7 June 2013 – via Nexis.
  19. ^ LC Johnson (12 September 1999). "Food Poisoning Sidelines Rudd". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  20. ^ Richard Alm (18 March 2000). "Sports unions blur the line between business, labor". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
  21. ^ a b c Andy Bernstein (23 April 2001). "NFL players to get cut of sponsorships". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  22. ^ a b c d e Langdon Brockington (3 June 2002). "League, union back trading cards". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  23. ^ Erik Siemers (4 April 2012). "Judge again rules for Nike in Reebok/Tebow case". Portland Business Journal. Retrieved 7 June 2013 – via Nexis.
  24. ^ Brandon Chatmon (13 February 2005). "Exclusive deal with NFL gives EA edge in video-game industry". The Oklahoman. Retrieved 7 June 2013 – via Nexis.
  25. ^ Jane Levere (13 February 2005). "Wary of Infringing Rival Games, Take-Two Calls Up Football's Golden Oldies". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  26. ^ "Players Union in the Market To Score More NFL Deals". Brandweek. 19 April 2004. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  27. ^ a b c Karen Gullo; Matthew Hirsch (11 November 2008). "Retired NFL Players Win $28 Million in Royalties From Union". Bloomberg. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  28. ^ Alan Schwarz (15 February 2007). "2 Former N.F.L. Players Sue Over Sharing of Fees". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  29. ^ Ben Kuchera (30 September 2008). "Lawsuit: NFLPA conspired with EA to cheat retired players". Ars Technica. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  30. ^ Alan Schwarz (4 June 2009). "N.F.L. Union Reaches Deal With Retired Players". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  31. ^ a b "'Financial Football' high school program introduced". Phoenix Business Journal. 28 January 2008. Retrieved 7 June 2013 – via Nexis.
  32. ^ a b c Steve Karnowski (3 June 2009). "No fantasy: Yahoo sues NFL players group". NBC News. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  33. ^ "Yahoo, NFL players union settle lawsuit over use of fantasy stats". USA Today. 8 July 2009. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  34. ^ a b Dan Hieb (26 September 2010). "Area startup inks deal with NFL players group". Nashville Business Journal. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
  35. ^ a b Gregg Lamm (25 October 2011). "Seattle startup Playmark lands deal with NFL players". Business Journals. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  36. ^ Erin Dostal (July 2012). "NFL Players Association launches e-commerce site". DMNews. Retrieved 7 June 2013 – via Nexis.
  37. ^ a b Carolyn Salazar (6 September 1998). "Star students to get super reward". Miami Herald. Retrieved 7 June 2013 – via Nexis.
  38. ^ a b "Community outreach programs scheduled for South Florida". NFL.com. 21 January 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
  39. ^ Aaron Wilson (16 April 2004). "Ravens' Thomas to receive a 'JB' award". Carroll County Times. Retrieved 15 August 2013.
  40. ^ "'Sopranos' has a lot of loose ends going into final season". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. 12 June 2006. Retrieved 29 July 2013.
  41. ^ "Closing Bell". Sports Business Daily. 22 July 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2013.

External linksEdit