National Film

National Film or National-Film was a German film production and distribution company which operated during the silent and early sound era. In the early 1920s it made an attempt to take over Erich Pommer's Decla-Bioscop, but the projected merger failed and Decla instead joined with the major studio UFA.[1] While Decla was generally in favour of joining with National, it was pressured by its creditors Deutsche Bank to merge with UFA.

National established a link with the Hollywood studio Warner Brothers, distributing the American company's films in the German market.[2] The company continued to operate during the decade, but the arrival of sound film in 1929 strained its resources due to the increased costs of making films with sound. By this stage the German film industry had become increasingly dominated by the four biggest companies UFA, Terra Film, Tobis Film and Bavaria Film. Many medium-sized studios were either driven out of business or amalgamated.[3]

Selected filmographyEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hardt p.66–67
  2. ^ Hardt p.127
  3. ^ Kreimeier p.193

BibliographyEdit

  • Hardt, Urusula. From Caligari to California: Erich Pommer's Life in the International Film Wars. Berghahn Books, 1996.
  • Kreimeier, Klaus. The Ufa story: a history of Germany's greatest film company, 1918–1945. University of California Press, 1999.