Open main menu

National Farmers' Union of England and Wales

The National Farmers' Union (NFU) is a member organisation/industry association for farmers in England and Wales. It is the largest farmers' organisation in the countries, and has over 300 branch offices.

NFU
NFU logo which was launched in 2009.jpg
Full nameNational Farmers' Union
Founded1908
Members55,000 Farmer and Grower members, 34,000 Countryside members
Key peopleOfficeholders: Minette Batters, President; Guy Smith, Deputy President; Stuart Roberts, Vice President; Terry Jones, Director General.
Office locationAgriculture House, Stoneleigh Park, Stoneleigh, Warwickshire, England, CV8 2TZ
CountryEngland and Wales
Websitewww.nfuonline.com

HistoryEdit

On 10 December 1908, a meeting was held in an ante-room at the Smithfield Show to discuss whether a national organisation should be formed to represent the interests of farmers. The outcome was the National Farmers' Union (NFU).

The first President, Colin Campbell, worked to get new branches off the ground, encourage membership and establish the NFU's credibility with Government, at a time when farming was going through the longest and deepest depression in its history, as imports of cheap grain and frozen meat flooded in from abroad.

At the 1918 general election, the union ran six candidates, none of whom were elected. In 1922, it sponsored three unsuccessful candidates under its own name, and four successful Conservative Party candidates. It again sponsored Conservative candidates in 1923 and 1935, but has not done so since.[1]

The NFU is registered as an association of employers under the 1974 Trade Union and Labour Relations Act. In 2000 it founded Assured Food Standards who administers the Red Tractor Scheme.

Election resultsEdit

1918 general electionEdit

Constituency Candidate Votes % Position[1]
Barnard Castle Octavius Monkhouse 1,274 10.0
East Norfolk William Benjamin Taylor 1,926 12.3 3
Hertford Edmond Broughton Barnard 7,158 38.8 2
Leominster Ernest Wilfred Langford 2,870 17.4 3
Ormskirk Stephen Hirst 4,989 28.3 3
Richmond (Yorkshire) William Parlour 4,907 33.2 2

Barnard was also sponsored by the National Party.

1922 general electionEdit

Constituency Candidate Votes % Position[1]
Carmarthen Daniel Johns 4,775 15.9 3
Howdenshire H. J. Winn 7,021 39.5 2
Leominster Ernest Shepperson 10,798 53.1 1
Ormskirk Francis Blundell 11,921 58.7 1
Rutland and Stamford E. Clark 4,471 20.3 3
Stone Joseph Lamb 1
Wells Robert Bruford 10,210 47.7 1

Blundell, Bruford, Lamb and Shepperson stood for the Conservative Party.

1923 general electionEdit

Constituency Candidate Votes % Position[1]
Leominster Ernest Shepperson 11,582 57.3 1
Ormskirk Francis Blundell 10,598 53.0 1
Stone Joseph Lamb 10,001 50.8 1
Wells Robert Bruford 9,909 44.2 2

All candidates stood for the Conservative Party.

1924 general electionEdit

Constituency Candidate Votes % Position[1]
Leominster Ernest Shepperson 13,237 52.5 1
Stone Joseph Lamb 1

Both candidates stood for the Conservative Party.

1935 general electionEdit

Two candidates were sponsored and elected for the Conservative Party.

FunctionEdit

Known as 'The Voice of British Farming'[citation needed], the NFU states that it "champions British farming and provides professional representation and services to its Farmer and Grower members."[2]

It negotiates with the government and national organisations on behalf of English and Welsh farmers.

StructureEdit

The NFU is governed by its Constitution and Rules. Under the Constitution and Rules the NFU shall maintain a number of bodies, which are responsible for the Governance of the NFU. These include NFU Council, Governance Board, Policy Board, National Commodity Boards, Regional Commodity Boards, an Audit and Remuneration Committee and Legal Board and Regional Boards.[3]

The NFU has an office in Brussels, Belgium to represent the interests of British farmers to the European Union.

The NFU is closely associated with the insurance mutual company NFU Mutual, which is also based in Warwickshire.

NFU Cymru is based at the Royal Welsh Showground in Builth Wells.

ArchivesEdit

The archives of the NFU are deposited with the Rural History Centre at Reading University.[4]

RegionsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Craig, F. W. S. (1975). Minor Parties in British By-elections, 1885-1974. London: Macmillan Press. p. 56.
  2. ^ "About Us". NFU. Retrieved 16 April 2015.
  3. ^ "NFU Democratic Structure". NFUonline. NFU. Retrieved 17 April 2015.
  4. ^ Chris Cook, The Routledge Guide to British Political Archives: Sources Since 1945 (Routledge: 2006), p. 345.

External linksEdit