National Family Health Survey

The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) is an India-wide survey conducted by Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, with the International Institute for Population Sciences serving as the nodal agency.[1]


In 1992-93, the first round of the National Family Health Survey was conducted in three phases.[2] The main objective of the survey was to collect reliable and up-to-date information on fertility, family planning, mortality, and maternal and child health. Subsequently, four other rounds conducted between 1998 to 2015.

The latest being NFHS 5 that started in 2019, however, was stalled amid the COVID-19 associated lockdown. Eventually, the NFHS-5 findings were released in December 2020.[3][4] Based on these findings, the ministry has set up a technical expert group to improve indicators pertaining to Malnutrition, Stunting, Anaemia, and C-Section.[5]

List of surveysEdit

  • National Family Health Survey-1 (1992-93)[2]
  • National Family Health Survey-2 (1998-99)[6]
  • National Family Health Survey-3 (2005-2006)[7]
  • National Family Health Survey-4 (2015-2016)[8]
  • National Family Health Survey-5 (2019-2021) (latest)[4]


  1. ^ "National Family Health Survey". Retrieved 2021-03-13.
  2. ^ a b "India - National Family Health Survey 1992-1993". Retrieved 2021-03-13.
  3. ^ "Release of Fact sheets for National Family Health Survey-5 (2019-20) for 22 Phase-I States/ UTs | Ministry of Health and Family Welfare | GOI". Retrieved 2021-03-13.
  4. ^ a b "Vital Stats. National Family Health Survey 5". PRS Legislative Research. Retrieved 2021-03-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ "Panel to study NFHS-5 findings". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 2021-01-07. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2021-03-13.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  6. ^ Rajan, S. Irudaya; James, K. S. (2004). "Second National Family Health Survey: Emerging Issues". Economic and Political Weekly. 39 (7): 647–651. ISSN 0012-9976. JSTOR 4414638.
  7. ^ "India - National Family Health Survey 2005-2006". Retrieved 2021-03-13.
  8. ^ National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) 2015-16: India. 2017-12-01.