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The National Eligibility Test (NET), also known as UGC NET, is a test to determine eligibility for college and university level lecturership and for the award of Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) for Indian nationals. It aims to ensure minimum standards for the entrants in teaching professions and research. On behalf of the University Grants Commission (UGC), the National Testing Agency (NTA) will conduct the test for determining the eligibility of Indian nationals for the Eligibility for Assistant Professor only or Junior Research Fellowship and Eligibility for Assistant Professor both in Indian universities and colleges.

National Eligibility Test
Acronym NET
Type Online test
Developer / administrator Conducted by NTA[1] on behalf of UGC, MHRD, Government of India
Purpose Determining the eligibility of Master's degree (or equivalent) holders for Assistant Professor posts or Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) both in Indian Central Universities and Colleges[2]
Year started 1989-90 (1989-90)[3]
Score / grade range Top 6% Qualifiers for Lectureship and Cutoff Criteria for JRF
Score / grade validity 2 Years for JRF and Lifelong for Lectureship
Offered Twice annually
Restrictions on attempts Age Restriction for JRF & No Restriction for LS
Countries / regions India
Languages Mainly English and Hindi
Annual number of test takers 859498 Students in July 2018
Fee INR 1000 for General Category, INR 500 for OBC, INR 250 for all others

Until July 2018, CBSE conducted the UGC NET exam but from December 2018 onwards, NTA will be conducting the UGC National Eligibility Test.[1] As per the press-release by Indian Government, the exam would be conducted twice a year, and it will be conducted in an online mode instead of offline mode.[4]


Jobs for NET qualified candidatesEdit

University Grants Commission (UGC) announced in 2013 that the candidates who clear the NET successfully would be eligible for lucrative jobs in public sector undertakings (PSUs). PSUs can use UGC-NET scores for the recruitment process of the posts of executives in their organizations in disciplines like science (R&D), management, corporate communications, human resources, and finance. This step taken by the UGC would also increase the number of students taking the UGC-NET examination which has witnessed a gradual decline in recent years.[5]

UGC NET qualification procedureEdit

UGC NET qualification is divided into the following steps:

  • Obtain minimum qualifying marks with aggregate 55% marks to General and 50% to others in master's degree.
  • The paper will be divided into two papers - Paper 1 & 2. The students would have to attempt total (both paper 1 &2) 150 questions in 3 Hours.
  • Those who score more than the cutoff marks in the exam would be declared qualified for JRF.
  • On the other hand, Top 6% of candidates will be selected for each subject and category eligibility for Assistant Professor only if they haven't applied for JRF.

From net qualified students, a list of JRF will be prepared. The merit list will be prepared by using a formula.

UGC NET resultEdit

The conducting body of UGC NET, i.e. CBSE, declared the result for the July 2018 Exam on the official website. In comparison to previous years, the result was declared way earlier. Within a time span of 3 weeks, the authorities have published the final result on CBSE NET site.

Based on the UGC NET Result statistics released by CBSE, A total of 11,48,235 students applied for the exam out of which 8,59,498 Students reportedly signed up for the exam, which was held in 91 cities and 2082 centres on 8th July 2018. The result for the same was declared on 31st July 2018 in which 55000 Students were declared as UGC NET Qualified.

The UGC NET Exam that is being conducted for determining the ability of Indian nationals for the post of Assistant Professor and Junior Research Fellowship in Indian universities and colleges will be conducted twice a year from 2018.

Reservations quota in Junior Research FellowshipsEdit

Candidates clearing NET exams are also eligible for Junior Research Fellowship. UGC follows the Government of India's reservation policy, as per which a minimum of 27%, 15%, 7.5% and 3% of fellowships are reserved for the OBC (non-creamy layer), SC, ST and persons with disabilities (PWD).


External linksEdit