Open main menu

The National Eligibility Test (NET), also known as UGC NET or NTA-UGC-NET, is the test for determining the eligibility for the post of Assistant Professor or Junior Research Fellowship(JRF) or both in Indian universities and government colleges. Assistant Professors in private colleges may or may not be NET qualified but NET qualification is mandatory for universities & government colleges. It has been often termed to be one of the toughest examinations in India after Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), where it's passing percentage is roughly around 3-6% per each session. The toughness of NET is much higher than other exams like GATE (15% -16%), CLAT, IIT JEE, NDA exam, amongst many others. It is only recently where the changes in the passing percentage have been done. Prior to this, till the year of 2017, it's passing rate remained only till 3-4% percentage. Post this, the passing percentage has been revised and has been extended. The Assistant Professor in universities & government colleges is governed under 7th pay Commission with entry pay of ₹ 57,700 excluding HRA, DA and other allowances making it one of the highest paying government job with 3% of annual increment. According to National Testing Agency(NTA), In June 2019 Examination, 9,42,419 candidates applied & 55,701 candidates cleared the examination across 101 different subjects respectively.

UGC National Eligibility Test
Developer / administratorNational Testing Agency on behalf of UGC
Year started1989–90 (1989–90)[1]
Duration3 hours
(Paper I = 1 hour, Paper II = 2 hours) From June 2019 there will be no break between both the papers.
Score / grade range0–100 (Paper I)
0–200 (Paper II)
Score / grade validityThree years (JRF) Lifetime (for Assitant Professor)
OfferedTwice annually
Restrictions on attemptsNo restrictiion
Countries / regionsIndia
LanguagesMainly English and Hindi
500 (OBC/EWS)
250 (SC/ST)
Qualification rateCut off 40% Aggregate for both the papers. But Merit list requires more than 80 to 85 percentile.

Until July 2018, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducted the UGC NET exam but from December 2018 onwards, NTA is conducting the UGC National Eligibility Test. As per the press-release by Indian Government, the exam would be conducted twice a year June month and December month, and it will be conducted in an online mode instead of offline mode.[2]

Jobs for NET qualified candidatesEdit

University Grants Commission (UGC) announced in 2013 that the candidates who clear the NET successfully would be eligible for lucrative jobs in public sector undertakings (PSUs). PSUs can use UGC-NET scores for the recruitment process of the posts of executives in their organizations in disciplines like science (R&D), management, corporate communications, human resources, and finance. This step taken by the UGC would also increase the number of students taking the UGC-NET examination which has witnessed a gradual decline in recent years.[3]

UGC Net Qualifying Criteria And Cut Off PercentagesEdit

UGC NET Procedure and Criteria for the declaration of result steps:

  • Obtain minimum qualifying marks with aggregate 55% marks to General and 50% to others in master's degree.
  • The paper will be divided into two papers - Paper 1 & 2. The candidates would have to attempt total (both paper 1 &2) 150 questions in 3 Hours.
  • UGC NET qualifying cut off marks for General category is 40% in Paper I & II while the qualifying marks for SC/ST/OBC-NCL/PwD/Transgender categories is 35% in Paper I & II.
  • Amongst those candidates who have obtained Minimum marks a merit list will be prepared subject wise and category-wise using the aggregate marks of two papers secured by such candidates.
  • On the other hand, Top 6% of candidates will be selected for eligibility of NET Lectureship. Simultaneously, a separate list for JRF would be prepared.
  • A separate merit list for the award of JRF will be prepared from amongst the NET qualified candidates figuring in the above merit list prepared.
  • The e-certificates of the qualifying candidates shall be available for downloading on the user profile created by the candidates while filling and submitting their online application forms at the UGC Website [4]

Reservations quota in Junior Research FellowshipsEdit

Candidates clearing JRF exams are also eligible for National Eligibility Test. UGC follows the Government of India's reservation policy, as per which a minimum of 27%, 10 %, 15%, 7.5% and 5% of fellowships are reserved for the OBC (non-creamy layer), EWS, SC, ST and persons with disabilities (PWD).

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ About the NET
  2. ^ "Union Cabinet Approves Setting Up Of National Testing Agency". NDTV News Channel India.
  3. ^ "NET qualified eligible for jobs in public sector: UGC". India Today. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
  4. ^ NEW UGC Net Cut Off And Qualifying Criteria Percentage

External linksEdit

UGC NET JRF 2019 Official Notification has been released on 1st March 2019. The Public Notice for UGC NET June Examination was released on 4th February 2019. The admit card for the UGC NET JRF examination can be downloaded by the students from 15th May 2019. The online exam is going to be held on multiple Days in the month of June from 20th to 28th June. So if you’re preparing for the UGC NET JRF June 2019 Examination, have a look at the Syllabus, Eligibility Standards, Admit Card, Exam Pattern and Free Past Year Papers. You can also enhance your preparations through UGC NET Online Coaching provided by us. { }