National Democratic Congress (Ghana)

The National Democratic Congress (NDC) is a social democratic political party in Ghana, founded by Jerry Rawlings, who was Head of State of Ghana from 1981 to 1993 and the President of Ghana from 1993 to 2001. Following the formation of the Provisional National Defence Council (PNDC) which ruled Ghana following the military coup d'état on 31 December 1981, there was pressure from the international community to restore democracy. The NDC was formed as the ruling party ahead of elections in 1992, in which Rawlings was elected president, and in 1996 Rawlings was re-elected as the NDC candidate. Rawlings' second term ended in 2001. The NDC lost the presidency in the 2000 election, and it was not until the 2008 election that they regained it with candidate John Atta Mills.

National Democratic Congress
AbbreviationNDC
LeaderJohn Dramani Mahama
ChairpersonSamuel Ofosu-Ampofo
General SecretaryAsiedu Nketia
FounderJerry Rawlings
Founded28 July 1992 (1992-07-28)
HeadquartersAdama Ave, Adabraka, Accra
Student wingTEIN
IdeologySocial democracy
Political positionCentre-left
International affiliationProgressive Alliance
Socialist International
Colors                   
Green, White, Red, Black
SloganUnity, Stability and Development
Anthem
"Arise, Arise for Ghana"[1]
Parliament
106 / 275
Pan-African Parliament
3 / 5
Election symbol
The Umbrella with the Head of a Dove at the Tip
Party flag
Flag of the National Democratic Congress (Ghana).svg
Website
officialndc.com

The NDC party symbol is an umbrella with the head of a dove at the tip. The party colors are red, white, green, and black, and the party slogan or motto is "Unity, stability, and development." Internationally, the NDC is a member of the Progressive Alliance[2] and Socialist International.[3]

On 9 December 2012, the Electoral Commission of Ghana declared NDC candidate John Dramani Mahama to be President-elect after a hotly contested race in which he won 50.7% of votes cast.[4]

Electoral historyEdit

The NDC has contested all national elections since its inception.

2000 electionsEdit

The 2000 election was the first presidential election since 1992 that an incumbent president was not on the ballot. Jerry Rawlings' eight-year tenure had expired as per the Constitution of Ghana. John Atta Mills became the presidential candidate of the National Democratic Congress at a special delegate congress held in Ho in the Volta Region of Ghana. He was popularly acclaimed the presidential candidate of the party for the 2000 presidential election. Vice-President. John Atta Mills lost in 2000 to New Patriotic Party's John Kufour after two rounds of voting.

2004 electionsEdit

In the 2004 elections the party's manifesto called for "A Better Ghana".[5] John Atta Mills ran again for the NDC in the 2004 presidential elections, winning 44.6% of the vote, but losing to the New Patriotic Party. In the general elections held on 7 December 2004, the party won only 94 of the 230 seats.

2008 electionsEdit

On 21 December 2006, Mills was overwhelmingly elected by the NDC as its candidate for the 2008 presidential election with a majority of 81.4%, or 1,362 votes. Ekwow Spio-Garbrah was second with 8.7% (146 votes), Alhaji Mahama Iddrisu was third with 8.2% (137 votes), and Eddie Annan was fourth with 1.7% (28 votes).[6] In April 2008, John Mahama was chosen as the party's vice-presidential candidate.[7] On 3 January 2009, Mills was certified as the victor of the 28 December 2008 run-off election and became the next president of Ghana.[8]

2012 transfer of power and electionsEdit

President John Atta Mills died, after a short illness, in the afternoon of 24 July 2012 while still in office. Vice President John Dramani Mahama of the NDC was sworn in as president that evening.[9] The NDC picked John Dramani Mahama for their presidential candidate and sitting vice president Paa Kwesi Amissah-Arthur as their vice-presidential candidate for the 2012 elections.

2016 primariesEdit

In November 2015 after securing an overwhelming 1,199 118 out of a total of 1, 286, 728 votes representing 95.10% party members in the presidential primaries, President John Dramani Mahama was endorsed to lead the NDC in the 2016 general elections.[10]

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Candidate Votes % Votes % Result
First Round Second Round
1992 Jerry Rawlings 2,327,600 58.4% - - Elected  Y
1996 4,099,758 57.4% - - Elected  Y
2000 John Atta Mills 2,895,575 44.8% 2,728,241 43.3% Lost  N
2004 3,850,368 44.6% - - Lost  N
2008 4,056,634 47.9% 4,501,466 50.1% Elected  Y
2012 John Dramani Mahama 5,574,761 50.7% - - Elected  Y
2016 4,713,277 44.4% - - Lost  N

Parliamentary electionsEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
1992 1,521,629 77.5%
189 / 200
  189   1st Supermajority government
1996 4,099,758 57.4%
133 / 200
  56   1st Majority government
2000 2,690,360 57.4%
91 / 200
  42   2nd Opposition
2004 3,567,021 40.9%
94 / 230
  3   2nd Opposition
2008 3,776,917 44.2%
116 / 230
  22   1st Majority government
2012 5,155,617 46.7%
148 / 275
  32   1st Majority government
2016 4,713,277 44.4%
104 / 275
  44   2nd Opposition

Governments formedEdit

Since the NDC was formed, it has formed two governments following elections, and a third following the death of President Mills. The list of governments is as follows:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dr. Spio replaces Jewel Ackah in NDC song composition". ghanaweb.com. 20 October 2018. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  2. ^ "List of Political Parties and Associated Partners of the Progressive Alliance". Archived from the original on 2 March 2015. Retrieved 12 November 2017.
  3. ^ List of Member Parties of the Socialist International Archived 3 November 2013 at Archive.today.
  4. ^ "Presidential Candidates Ghana Elections 2012". GhanaWeb. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
  5. ^ "National Democratic Congress Manifesto 2004 "A Better Ghana"" (PDF). GhanaWeb. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2007.
  6. ^ Ghana News Agency (GNA) (22 December 2006). "NDC Congress Results – Prof Wins". Modern Ghana. Archived from the original on 19 March 2017. Retrieved 18 March 2017.
  7. ^ "Mills Chooses John Mahama As Running Mate". ModernGhana. 10 April 2008. Archived from the original on 19 October 2008.
  8. ^ "Opposition Leader Wins Ghana Poll". BBC. 3 January 2009. Archived from the original on 4 January 2009. Retrieved 3 January 2009.
  9. ^ "The Executive - President of the Republic of Ghana". Ghana Government Portal. Archived from the original on 7 October 2012.
  10. ^ Ghana Web (22 November 2015). "Mahama Gets 95.10% NDC Endorsement For 2016 Elections". Ghana Web. Ghana Web. Archived from the original on 23 January 2018. Retrieved 22 January 2018.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Provisional National Defence Council
(military government)
Governments of Ghana
Rawlings government

1993 – 2001
Succeeded by
Kufuor government
(New Patriotic Party)
Preceded by
Kufuor government
(New Patriotic Party)
Governments of Ghana
Mills government
& Mahama government

2009 – 2016
Succeeded by
Akufo-Addo government
(New Patriotic Party)