National Dairy Development Board

The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) is a statutory body set up by an Act of the Parliament of India. It is under the ownership of Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying of the Government of India.[1] The main office is in Anand, Gujarat with regional offices throughout the country. NDDB's subsidiaries include Indian Dairy Machinery Company Limited, Mother Dairy and Indian Immunologicals Limited, Hyderabad.[2] The Board was created to finance and support producer-owned and controlled organisations. Its programmes and activities seek to strengthen farmer cooperatives and support national policies that are favourable to the growth of such institutions. Cooperative principles and cooperative strategies are fundamental to the board's efforts.[3]

National Dairy Development Board
FoundedJuly 1965, 16; 57 years ago (16-07-1965)
FounderDr Verghese Kurien
TypeStatutory body
Purpose
Dairy industry regulation
Location
OwnerMinistry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India
Chairman
Meenesh Shah
Subsidiaries
Websitewww.nddb.coop

Meenesh Shah was appointed the Chairman of NDDB in 2021.[4]

EstablishmentEdit

 
Mansinh Institute of Training of National Dairy Development Board at Mehsana, Gujarat

The NDDB was founded by Dr. Verghese Kurien in 1965. The prime minister of India at that time, Lal Bahadur Shastri, wished to replicate the success of the Kaira Cooperative Milk Producers' Union (Amul) across India.[5] Kurien had been instrumental in Amul's success, where he had instituted a producer-run, democratic farmers' cooperative model. Until this time, India's own dairy industry was limited in its capacity and dominated by traders who set pricing. Marginal milk producers reaped little reward in this system, and the country's foreign exchange was expended in European and New Zealand dairy industries, purchasing dairy imports to fill the shortfall.[5][6]

Between the start of the NDDB's landmark project in 1970, Operation Flood and its founder's retirement in 1998, India quadrupled its milk production, with the board's technical and organisational support.[7] By then India had 81,000 dairy cooperatives, formed with the assistance of NDDB on their "Amul" pattern. In 1998, India became the largest milk producer in the world, when its output surpassed that of the United States.[8] The country remains a major dairy-producing nation.[9]

InitiativesEdit

In 2012, under the national dairy plan (NDP) programme, NDDB had initiated plans to boost dairy farming by targeting 40,000 villages in 14 major milk producing states including Punjab.[10] The project was aimed at covering about 2.7 million milch animals in these states.[10][11]

In October 2020, the NDDB launched a "manure management initiative" at the Mujkuva Dairy Cooperative Society (DCS) in Anand district, wherein biogas plants are installed by the dairy farmers outside their residences for producing gas to be used as cooking fuel. In addition to biogas, bio-slurry produced from these biogas plants will also be used by the farmers in their own fields for soil conditioning. Surplus bio-slurry can be sold to other farmers or converted into organic fertilisers.[12]

In 2000, in accordance of the plans of NDDB to reach out to more states, it signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the administration of Ladakh to promote dairying and rural livelihoods in the newly formed union territory.[13][14]

In one innovative approach, NDDB, in collaboration with All India Radio (AIR), launched Radio Samvad—an awareness series on radio for dairy farmers of the Vidarbha and Marathwada regions. As of 2020, a twice weekly, 30-minute episode was broadcast from Nagpur, Jalgaon, Aurangabad, Osmanabad and Nanded radio stations on subjects related to scientific dairy animal management. Subject experts from NDDB conduct the sessions.<ref name

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Dilip Rath appointed as NDDB chairman". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  2. ^ "राष्ट्रीय डेयरी विकास बोर्ड (एनडीडीबी) - NDPI". पीएम योजना,केंद्रीय और राज्य सरकार योजनाओं, केंद्रीय मंत्रालयों और सरकारी विभागों पर समाचार प्राप्त करें (in Hindi). 12 October 2018. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  3. ^ "National Dairy Development Board official website".
  4. ^ National Dairy Development Board (25 June 2021). "Meenesh Shah takes over additional charge of Chairman, NDDB" (Press release). Archived from the original on 27 January 2022. Retrieved 12 March 2022.
  5. ^ a b Gupta, Sharad (26 November 2019). "Remembering Verghese Kurien – India's first milkman". businessline. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  6. ^ Suhrud, Tridip (16 September 2012). "The magic of manthan". Tehelka. Archived from the original on 11 November 2006. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  7. ^ Kurien, Verghese (2007). "India's Milk Revolution: Investing in Rural Producer Organizations". In Narayan, Deepa; Glinskaya, Elena (eds.). Ending poverty in South Asia: Ideas that work. Washington, DC, USA: World Bank. pp. 37–67. ISBN 978-0-8213-6876-3.
  8. ^ World Food Prize Foundation. "1989: Kurien The World Food Prize - Improving the Quality, Quantity and Availability of Food in the World". www.worldfoodprize.org. Ames, Iowa, USA. Archived from the original on 8 November 2021. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
  9. ^ "India largest milk producing nation in 2010–11: NDDB". Hindustan Times. 20 December 2011. Archived from the original on 6 October 2012. Retrieved 16 May 2022.
  10. ^ a b "NDDB plans to boost dairy farming in Punjab". Hindustan Times. 18 May 2012. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  11. ^ "Dairy development by NDDB in India". Dairy Industries International. 12 November 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  12. ^ "Anand district: NDDB begins initiative for dairy farmers on manure management". The Indian Express. 28 October 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  13. ^ "NDDB to promote dairying in Ladakh, inks MoU with UT - Vadodara News". The Times of India. 7 October 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  14. ^ "NDDB to build 3 new dairy plants in Jharkhand at cost of Rs 90 crore". The Times of India. 1 November 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2021.

External linksEdit