National Curriculum for Wales

The National Curriculum was first introduced in Wales as part of the Education Reform Act 1988, alongside the equivalent curriculum for England. Following devolution in 1999, education became a matter for the Welsh government. Consequently, some elements of the system are different from those in England.

Structure of the National CurriculumEdit

Schooling is divided into four phases in Wales, each relating to pupils of different ages. Key Stages 2 to 4 mirror those used in England, with pupils in Key Stage 2 being aged 7-11, in Key Stage 3 aged 11-14 and Key Stage 4 representing the GCSE years of 14- to 16-year-olds. For children aged between 3 and 7, the key stage is known as the Foundation Phase. Within each phase or key stage, certain subjects are set out in statute as part of the national curriculum.

Foundation phaseEdit

Within the foundation phase, the curriculum is set out in seven areas of learning:

  • Personal and Social Development, Well-being and Cultural Diversity
  • Language, Literacy and Communication Skills
  • Mathematical Development
  • Welsh Language Development
  • Knowledge and Understanding of the World
  • Physical Development
  • Creative Development

Key Stages 2, 3 and 4Edit

The following subjects are statutory at each of the later key stages:

Key Stage 2 Key Stage 3 Key Stage 4
Age 7-11 11-14 14-16
Year groups 3-6 7-9 10-11
Design and Technology
Information and Communication Technology
Art and Design
Physical Education
Modern Foreign Language