National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction

The National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction (Portuguese: Congresso Nacional de Reconstrução de Timor, CNRT) is a political party in East Timor founded by former President Xanana Gusmão in March 2007 in preparation for the 2007 parliamentary election.[2]

National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction
Congresso Nacional de Reconstrução de Timor
LeaderXanana Gusmão
FoundedMarch 2007
HeadquartersBairo Gurilhus, Dili
Youth wingYouth Party Organisation
Women's wingWomen's Party Organisation
IdeologySocial democracy
Political positionCentre-left[1]
ColoursBlue, White, Green, Gold, Brown
National Parliament
31 / 65
Party flag

According to provisional results, the party won 24.10% of the vote in the 2007 election, placing second behind FRETILIN, which won 29%. Based on the results, the CNRT would have 18 seats in parliament.[3] In early July, the CNRT agreed to form a coalition with the Timorese Social Democratic AssociationSocial Democratic Party alliance and the Democratic Party to gain a parliamentary majority.[4] The party, with its coalition partners, participated in talks with FRETILIN later in the month, with President José Ramos-Horta calling for the formation of a national unity government,[5] but these talks were not successful. After weeks of dispute between the CNRT-led coalition and FRETILIN over who should form the government, Ramos-Horta announced on 6 August that the coalition would form the government and that Gusmão would become Prime Minister.[6][7]

The main party of three-party coalition, Alliance of Change for Progress (AMP), National Congress for Timorese Reconstruction, led by independence hero Xanana Gusmao, was in power from 2007–17, but leader of Fretilin Mari Alkatiri formed a coalition government after July 2017 parliamentary election. However, the new minority government soon fell, meaning second general election in May 2018.[8] In June 2018, former president and independence fighter Jose Maria de Vasconcelos known as Taur Matan Ruak of three-party coalition, Alliance of Change for Progress (AMP), became the new prime minister.[9]

Election results Edit

Presidential elections Edit

Election Candidate First Round Second Round Result
Votes % Votes %
2022 José Ramos-Horta 303,477 46.56% 398,028 62.10% Won  Y

Legislative elections Edit

Election Party leader Votes % Seats +/– Position Government
2007 Xanana Gusmão 100,175 24.10%
18 / 65
New   2nd Coalition
2012 172,831 36.66%
30 / 65
  12   1st Coalition
2017 167,330 29.46%
22 / 65
  8   2nd Opposition
2018[a] 309,663 49.58%
21 / 65
  1   1st Coalition (2018-2020)
Opposition (2020-2023)
2023 288,289 41.63%
31 / 65
  10   1st Coalition
  1. ^ Run as part of the Alliance for Change and Progress.

References Edit

  1. ^ Partido de Xanana Gusmão lidera legislativas em Timor Leste - Portal G1
  2. ^ "East Timor president to lead new political party", ABC Radio Australia, 27 March 2007.
  3. ^ "National Provisional Results from the 30 June 2007 Parliamentary Elections" Archived 10 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Comissão Nacional de Eleições Timor-Leste, 9 July 2007.
  4. ^ "Coalition govt for East Timor", AFP (World News Australia), 6 July 2007.
  5. ^ "Political deadlock looms in Timor", Associated Press (Herald Sun), 24 July 2007.
  6. ^ "East Timor's Independence Hero To Be Next Prime Minister" Archived 22 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine, VOA News, 6 August 2007.
  7. ^ Lindsay Murdoch, "Violence greets Horta's PM decision",, 6 August 2007.
  8. ^ "East Timor votes in second general election in 10 months".
  9. ^ Cruz, Nelson de la. "New East Timor PM pledges to bring unity after political deadlock | Reuters". Reuters.