National Coalition Party (El Salvador)

  (Redirected from National Conciliation Party)

The National Coalition Party (Spanish: Partido de Concertación Nacional, PCN) is a nationalist political party in El Salvador. Until 2011 it was known as the National Conciliation Party (Spanish: Partido de Conciliación Nacional, PCN). It was the most powerful political party in the country during the 1960s and 1970s, and was closely associated with the Salvadoran military. Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo, a candidate of the National Conciliation Party, was elected president in 1962, and the next three presidents were also from the party. After the 1979 coup the party declined in influence but continued to exist.

National Coalition Party

Partido de Concertación Nacional
LeaderManuel Rodriguez
FoundedSeptember 30, 1961 (original)
September 2011 (re-founded)
HeadquartersSan Salvador
IdeologyNationalism[1]
National liberalism
Political positionCentre-right
Seats in the Legislative Assembly
9 / 84
Mayors
25 / 262
Central American Parliament
1 / 20
Party flag
Flag PCN.jpg
Website
www.pcnoficial.com
1982 election poster

HistoryEdit

2000-CurrentlyEdit

Today, it is considered relatively minor as compared with the two major organizations, ARENA and the FMLN.

At the legislative elections, held on 16 March 2003, the party won 13.0% of the popular vote and 16 out of 84 seats in the Legislative Assembly. Its candidate in the presidential election of 21 March 2004, José Rafael Machuca Zelaya, won 2.7%. In the 12 March 2006 legislative election, the party won 11.0% of the popular vote and 10 out of 84 seats, a major decline in representation, but the party is still the third largest political party in El Salvador. At the January 18, 2009 legislative elections the party won 11 seats.

With no party holding a majority, it can be seen as holding the balance of power. However, it usually sides with the conservative ARENA party.

While the party was technically to be disbanded after the 2004 election, in which its candidate did not gather the necessary 3% of the vote, it was allowed to hold on to its registration by decree; this decree was declared unconstitutional on 30 April 2011, and the party was thus disbanded.[2]

The party was de facto re-established, registering with the Supreme Electoral Tribunal as the National Coalition ('Concertación Nacional', CN) in September 2011.[3] After one year, it added the word 'Partido' ("party") to its full name, which allowed it to again use the traditional acronym PCN.[4] Since 2018, the party has 9 out of 84 congressmen and 25 out of 262 mayorship offices.

PCN Presidents of El SalvadorEdit

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Party candidate Votes % Result
1962 Julio Adalberto Rivera Carballo 368,801 100% Elected  Y
1967 Fidel Sánchez Hernández 267,447 54.37% Elected  Y
1972 Arturo Armando Molina 334,600 43.42% Elected  Y
1977 Carlos Humberto Romero 812,281 67.30% Elected  Y
1982 Supported Álvaro Magaña 36 60% Elected  Y
1984 José Francisco Guerrero 244,556 19.31% Lost  N
1989 Rafael Morán Castañeda 38,218 4.1% Lost  N
1994 Roberto Escobar García 70,504 5.4% Lost  N
1999 Hernán Contreras 45,140 3.82% Lost  N
2004 José Rafael Machuca Zelaya 61,781 2.71% Lost  N
2009 Did not run
2014 Antonio Saca 307,603 11.44% Lost  N
2019 Supported Carlos Calleja 857,084 31.72% Lost  N

NoteEdit

In the 1982 election Álvaro Magaña was elected by the Legislative Assembly

Legislative Assembly electionsEdit

Election Votes % Seats +/– Position
1961 207,701 60.1%
54 / 54
  54   1st
1964 176,620 58.6%
32 / 52
  22   1st
1966 207,586 53.6%
31 / 52
  1   1st
1968 212,661 47.7%
27 / 52
  4   1st
1970 315,560 59.8%
34 / 52
  7   1st
1972 353,775 67.4%
39 / 52
  5   1st
1974
36 / 52
  3   1st
1976
52 / 52
  18   1st
1978 766,673 90.3%
50 / 54
  2   1st
1982 273,383 18.6%
14 / 60
  36   3rd
1985 80,730 8.3%
12 / 60
  2   3rd
1988 78,756 8.5%
7 / 60
  5   3rd
1991 94,531 9.0%
9 / 52
  2   4th
1994 83,520 6.21%
4 / 84
  5   4th
1997 97,362 8.4%
11 / 84
  7   3rd
2000 106,802 8.8%
13 / 84
  2   3rd
2003 181,167 13.0%
16 / 84
  3   3rd
2006 172,341 11.0%
10 / 84
  6   3rd
2009 194,751 8.79%
11 / 84
  1   3rd
2012 157,074 7.18%
7 / 84
  4   4th
2015 154,093 6.77%
4 / 84
  3   4th
2018 230,862 10.87%
9 / 84
  5   3rd

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.pcn.com.sv/principios-y-objetivos
  2. ^ El Salvador Supreme Court disbands two parties, BBC News, 30 April 2011, retrieved 12 March 2012
  3. ^ "TSE anuncia inscripción del partido Concertación Nacional", El Salvador Noticias, 23 September 2011, retrieved 12 March 2012
  4. ^ Rivera, Edgardo (26 September 2012), El PES volverá a llamarse PDC y el CN también busca ser PCN, archived from the original on 2 February 2014

External linksEdit