National Center of Stage Costume
Centre National du Costume de Scene (CNCS) (English: National Center of Stage Costume (CNCS)), is a French museum dedicated to stage costumes and sets.
|Location||Quartier Villars, Route de Montilly, Moulins, France|
|Collections||Costumes, scenery, paintings|
It was inaugurated on 1 July 2006 in Moulins, Allier by Renaud Donnedieu de Vabres the Minister of Culture, Pierre-André Périssol the mayor of Moulins and Christian Lacroix, dressmaker and board chairman. The current director is Delphine Pinasa, whose portrait is exhibited at the museum.
The museum includes the historic building, which had been partially destroyed during World War II and was restored by François Voinchet, Architect of Historic Monuments for the museum. Villars, named for the native military officer, Marshal Villars (1653–1734), was built during the reign of Louis XV. The 18th century historical monument was used as a cavalry barracks. The interior of the museum was designed by Jean-Michel Wilmotte and Jacques Brudin. A new 1,730 square metres (18,600 sq ft) building, was built for conservation of the centre's collection.
The museum is the first structure, in France or abroad, to be entirely dedicated to scenography and costume heritage. Its mission is to preserve, study and increase the value of a collection of 10,000 theatre, opera and ballet costumes. It also shows paintings, on loan from the Bibliothèque Nationale de France (National Library of France), the Comédie-Française and the Opéra de Paris (Paris Opera).[nb 1]
The museum has four areas: the reserves, exhibition halls, library and the training center. There is a gallery of temporary exhibitions 1,500 square metres (16,000 sq ft) behind eight windows. A large room showcases costumes in a scenography context. It also has educational spaces, an auditorium and a documentation center.
The museum has a collection of Rudolf Nureyev's costumes, as requested in his will to be a "place of memory". Nureyev, who has been the Paris Opera Ballet director had wished to have his collection placed in a museum in Paris, but suitable locations could not be found. So, his collection was placed in the museum in this Auvergne region museum, which is about 3 hours by train from Paris. It is "a permanent collection that offers visitors a sense of his exuberant, vagabond personality and passion for all that was rare and beautiful." The collection has historical artifacts from Nureyev's career including film and photograph material, in addition to 70 costumes.
Nureyev sought a matador look, with a snug-fitting jacket cut short to lengthen his legs. The armhole seam had to be exactly placed so his movements would not be hindered. He favored details that underscored artistic themes. A silver-blue jacket for his Prince Siegfried from the first act of a 1984 Swan Lake echoes the watery locale where the hero meets his true love, with metallic threads flowing over the shoulders like rapids. For Don Quixote, Nureyev preferred a billowing sleeve, as evidenced by a creation from Greek designer Nicholas Georgiadis in rust, wine and gold. The velvet cascades of the women's dresses, trimmed in coins and tassels, hint at the choreography's noisy fury.— Sarah Kaufman, The Washington Post
Several stage companies and theatres, including the Comédie Française and Paris Opera, send their costumes to the museum after their final show. At the museum they are available to be exhibited and preserved. They are also available to researchers and students for study.
Previous exhibitions have included:
- "Centre National du Costume de Scene" (PDF). CNAC. p. 4. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- "Centre National du Costume de Scene". Vichy Spa Hôtel Les Célestins. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- "Le Centre National du Costume de Scène de Moulins: une réalisation exemplaire". La Tribune de l'Art. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- "Historique". Centre National du Costume de Scene. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- Base Mérimée: PA00093231, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French) Caserne ou quartier Villars, actuellement centre national du costume de scène
- "Centre National du Costume de Scene". Saatchi Gallery. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- Philip Jodidio (2004). Architecture D'aujourd'hui. Taschen. p. 533. ISBN 978-3-8228-2935-6.
- "Centre National du Costume de Scene (French, translated in part using translate.google.com)". Ville de Moulins. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- Jean-Paul Labourdette, Dominique Auzias; Sandrine Bavard; Aurélia Riss (6 May 2009). Petit Futé Vacances avec les enfants. Petit Futé. p. 46. ISBN 978-2-7469-2513-7.
- Roslyn Sulcas (11 December 2013). "At a French Museum, Peeks at Nureyev's World". New York Times. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- Sarah Kaufman (7 November 2012). "Nureyev's Genius, Seen in Fragments of His Life". The Washington Post (via HighBeam Research, subscription required). Washingtonpost Newsweek Interactive. Archived from the original on 10 June 2014. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- Centre national du Costume de Scène de Moulins (French). Youtube.com.