National Assembly (São Tomé and Príncipe)

The National Assembly (Portuguese: Assembleia Nacional) is the unicameral legislative body of the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe.

National Assembly of São Tomé and Príncipe

Assembleia Nacional de São Tomé e Príncipe
Coat of arms of São Tomé and Príncipe.svg
Delfim Neves[1], PCD
since 22 November 2018
Deputy Speakers
Lívio Palhares
Justino Correia
Mário Coimbra
Leopoldina Menezes
Rui Porto, MLSTP/PSD
since 22 November 2018
Leader of the Opposition
Juvenal Andrade, ADI
since 22 November 2018
Seats55 members
Assemblee Sao Tome e Principe 2018 (XIe).svg
Political groups
Government (28)[2]
  •   MLSTP/PSD (23)
  •   PCDMDFMUDD (5)

Opposition (27)

Party-list proportional representation
Last election
7 October 2018
Meeting place
São Tomé

The Assembly is elected for a four-year term. The Assembly can be dissolved by the President of the Republic in case of a serious institutional crisis,[3] only with the approval of the Council of State, a consultative assembly composed of 12 members.[4]

The National Assembly was founded in 1975, as a result of the adoption of the Constitution of São Tomé and Príncipe. From 1975 to 1990, the Assembly served as a rubber-stamp to the one-party regime led by the Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe. With the constitutional reforms of 1990, the country became a multi-party democracy and the first competitive elections were organised in 1991.

Latest National Assembly election resultsEdit

Previous election resultsEdit

Political Party Election Year
1991 1994 1998 2002 2006 2010 2014
Movement for the Liberation of São Tomé and Príncipe-Social Democratic Party (MLSTP-PSD) 21 27 31 24 20 21 16
Force for Change Democratic Movement-Liberal Party (MDFM-PL) 23 23 1 0
Democratic Convergence Party-Reflection Group (PCD-GR) 33 14 8 7 5
Independent Democratic Action (ADI) 14 16 * 11 26 33
Opposition Democratic Coalition (CODO) 01
Uê Kédadji (UK) 08
New Way Movement (MNR) 01
Union of Democrats for Citizenship and Development (UDCD) 01
Total 55 55 55 55 55 55 55

* The Independent Democratic Action (ADI) party was a member of the Uê Kédadji coalition in the 2002 election.

List of National Assembly PresidentsEdit

Presidents of the Constituent Assembly (1975)
Term Incumbent
1975 Nuno Xavier Daniel Dias
1975 Guilherme do Sacramento Neto
Presidents of the National Assembly (1975–present)
Term Incumbent
1975–1980 Leonel Mário d'Alva
1980–1991 Alda Neves da Graça do Espírito Santo
1991–1994 Leonel Mário d'Alva
1994–2002 Francisco Fortunato Pires
2002–2006 Dionísio Tomé Dias
2006–2010 Francisco da Silva
2010 Arzemiro dos Prazeres
2010–2012 Evaristo Carvalho
2012–2014 Alcino Pinto
2014–2018 José da Graca Diogo
2018- Delfim Neves

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit

Coordinates: 0°19′53″N 6°44′26″E / 0.33139°N 6.74056°E / 0.33139; 6.74056