National Advance

National Advance[6][7][8] (Spanish: Avanzada Nacional, AN) was a Chilean far-right political party of nationalist ideology who supported the military regime led by Augusto Pinochet. They had party legal existence between January 1988 and July 1991.

National Advance
Avanzada Nacional
Founded11 September 1983
Dissolved17 June 1990
Merged intoNational Democracy of Centre
HeadquartersSantiago de Chile
IdeologyNationalism
Neo-fascism[1][2][3][4]
Pinochetismo
Political positionFar-right[5]

It was founded on 11 September 1983 by former members of Fatherland and Liberty and civilian supporters of the dictatorship.[9] The party constitution was signed on April 15, 1987, the Electoral Service ordered his publication in the official Journal on 29 May 1987.[10] Finally, by resolution O-56 of 29 January 1988, the Electoral Service officially signed up the party.[11]

This party held various positions during the military regime, including more than 70 municipalities. However, the top-level positions were occupied by representatives of the neoliberal right (next to National Renewal and the Independent Democratic Union and close to the economic right of employers), who always tried to displace the nationalist right because it was not in agreement with the neoliberal economic policies of the Chicago Boys (preferably militants in the UDI and RN to a lesser extent). In addition, nationalists were considered statist, which clashed sharply with the neoliberals. On the political side there were also a number of differences; even many historians point out that if Pinochet had followed the postulates of the nationalists, they would have had more public support as the AN was representative of the political right and not economic.[citation needed]

In the 1988 plebiscite supported the Yes option. In late 1988 it created the short-lived Democratic Confederation (Confederación Democrática) with the National Party (a faction that supported Pinochet), the Radical Democracy, the Social Democrat Party, the Liberal Democrat Party of Chile, the Democratic Party of Chile, the Free Democratic Centre and the Civic Committees. The confederation disappeared in 1989 during negotiations for parliamentary candidates that year.[12]

In the 1989 elections, the party conducted the electoral pact "Alliance of Centre" with another ruling party, Radical Democracy, in spite of which failed to elect deputies and senators. By the election results the party entered the grounds for cancellation of its legal existence, but this was corrected with the merger with its coalition partners and other smaller parties.

On May 7, 1990 the National Advance merged with the Radical Democracy and the National Party to form the National Democracy of Centre, and the registry of the party was void on June 17 of the same year. National Democracy of Centre was later renamed as National Party (like one of their predecessors) on December 3, 1991.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jiles, P. (1987). El retorno de los nazis chilenos. Análisis, p. 36c.
  2. ^ Garretón, Manuel Antonio (1990). Democratic inauguration in Chile: from Pinochet to Aylwin. Third World Quarterly, 12(3-4), p. 67.
  3. ^ Garretón, Manuel Antonio (1990). Las condiciones socio-políticas de la inauguración democrática en Chile. The Helen Kellogg Institute for International Studies, University of Notre Dame, p. 8.
  4. ^ Garretón, Manuel Antonio (2000). Atavism and Democratic Ambiguity in the Chilean Rightp. en: Middelbrook, Kevin J., ed., Conservative Parties, the Right, and Democracy in Latin America. Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 53-79 (p. 61).
  5. ^ Tauran, Erasmo (27 March 2013). "Avanzada Nacional pretende llevar la extrema derecha al Congreso". Radio Bío-Bío. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  6. ^ Drake, Paul W.; Jaksić, Iván (1995). Introduction: Transformation and Transition in Chile. The Struggle for Democracy in Chile (2nd ed.). University of Nebraska Press. p. 11.
  7. ^ Coggins, John; Lewis, D. S. (1992). Political parties of the Americas and the Caribbean: A Reference Guide. Longman. p. 88.
  8. ^ Garretón, Manuel Antonio (2003). Incomplete Democracy: Political Democratization in Chile and Latin America. University of North Carolina Press. p. 205, note 23.
  9. ^ Garretón, Manuel Antonio (1990). "Los partidos políticos chilenos en la perspectiva de la transición y consolidación democráticas" (PDF). Retrieved January 9, 2014.
  10. ^ Servicio Electoral de Chile (29 May 1987). "Resolución N° 1.238: Extracto de resolución No. 1238, de 1987". Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional de Chile. Retrieved 3 August 2014.
  11. ^ Nogueira Alcalá, Humberto (1989). Manual del ciudadano elector (1 ed.). Santiago: Ediciones Participa, Imprenta Alborada.
  12. ^ "La loca carrera de los candidatos". Apsi (in Spanish). 19 December 1988. Retrieved 23 July 2016.