Sultan Syed Shah Mutaharuddin Suhrawardi (969–1039),[1] also called Dada Hayat Mir Qalandar or Nathar Wali or Nadir Shah, was a Muslim mystic and preacher from the Middle East who migrated to Tamil Nadu in the 11th-century, where he travelled from area to area to preach the faith of Islam to the locals.[2] He came to Trichy in the 11th century; his shrine is located in Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu,[3][4] which according to legend is atop the grave of the three-headed Hindu demon Tiriasuran whom Dada killed.[3]

Sultan Syed Shah Mutaharuddin Suhrawardi
IMG 0238 edited.jpg
A small hill where Nathar Shah is said to have lived for years in a cave
Dada Hayat Mir Qalandar
Tabal-e-Aalam Baadshah
Nathar Shah Wali
Mardaan-e-Ghaib
Baba-e-Nathar Sarmast Dhool Samandar
Born969 CE
Anatolia (modern day Turkey)
Died1038 CE (aged 69)
Tiruchirapalli, Chola Empire (modern day Tamil Nadu, India)
Venerated inBy all those Sunni Muslims who venerate saints, especially by those in the Indian subcontinent; some Shia Muslims come to his shrine too
Major shrineTiruchirapalli
ControversySyeda Halima Sadia (adopted daughter)
InfluencedAbdur Rahman Siddiqi
Syed Baba Fakhruddin
Syed Shah Hayder Wali
Syed Shah Khadir Wali
Syed Rahmatullah Baba
Nathar Vali's holy foot impressions

Early lifeEdit

According to the sources Tabl-e-Aalam Badshah was born as Syed Mutaharuddin in Anatolia region to the King of Bahanasa King Ahmed Kabeer and Syeda Fathimunnisa (Descendants of Prophet Muhammad through Ali and Husayn ibn Ali). He had an younger brother Syed Jalaluddin who became the King after he left the Kingdom for the journey of Sufism.

Life in TiruchirapalliEdit

Nathar Wali left his comfortable life in search of Murshid (spiritual preceptor).[3][5] He was a Qalandar (unmarried saint) came to India along with 900 Qalandars to spread Islam, before coming to India he became the Mureed (Student) to Ibrahim Garamseel near Pakistan region, then after he travelled his journey towards different parts of India and at last he reached to Trichy and settled there. During this time Tiruchirappalli was a part of the Chola Empire under the reign of Rajendra I although Nathar Wali has never interacted with him. He iwas said to have performed miracles. Along with his qalandars, he came to Tiruchirapuram, which is now known as Tiruchirappalli, and led a religious life with his qalandars in a flower garden there.

Disciples of Dada Hayat Mir QalandarEdit

DeathEdit

He died in Tiruchirappalli in 1039 and was buried in the city and a mosque constructed at the spot. Long after his death, Tiruchirappalli is still referred to by his followers as "Natharnagar". Nathar Vali died on the 15th of the month of Ramadan. This date is commemorated as his urs (death-day), and the first 17 days of Ramadan are celebrated in his honor, by Muslims, Christians, and Hindus, one the eve of the Kanduri festival, where they seek his blessings.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Arnold, T. W. (1896). The Preaching of Islam. Charles Scribner and Sons. p. 267.
  2. ^ Shafique Ali Khan (1985). Two Nation Theory: As a Concept, Strategy and Ideology. Royal Book Company. p. 70. Retrieved 15 September 2013. - Nathar Wali (died in 1039) is supposed to be the earliest Muslim Sufi who dedicated his life to Islam in the south.
  3. ^ a b c Susan Bayly (22 April 2004). Saints, Goddesses and Kings: Muslims and Christians in South Indian Society, 1700–1900. Cambridge University Press. pp. 137–. ISBN 978-0-521-89103-5. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  4. ^ Numismatic Society of India (1962). The journal of the Numismatic Society of India. Numismatic Society of India, P.O. Hindu University. Retrieved 4 May 2011.
  5. ^ Susan Baylyy (22 April 2004). Saints, Goddesses and Kings: Muslims and Christians in South Indian Society, 1700–1900. Cambridge University Press. pp. 117–. ISBN 978-0-521-89103-5. Retrieved 15 September 2013.