Nathaniel W. Pope (January 5, 1784 – January 23, 1850) was the Secretary of the Illinois Territory, a Delegate to the United States House of Representatives from the Illinois Territory and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Illinois.
|Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Illinois|
March 3, 1819 – January 23, 1850
|Appointed by||James Monroe|
|Preceded by||Seat established by 3 Stat. 502|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Drummond|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives|
from Illinois Territory's at-large district
March 4, 1817 – November 30, 1818
|Preceded by||Benjamin Stephenson|
|Succeeded by||Office abolished|
Nathaniel W. Pope
January 5, 1784
Louisville, District of Kentucky, Virginia
|Died||January 23, 1850 (aged 66)|
St. Louis, Missouri
|Resting place||Bellefontaine Cemetery|
St. Louis, Missouri
Education and careerEdit
Born on January 5, 1784, in Louisville, District of Kentucky, Virginia (now Kentucky), Pope attended Transylvania University and read law in 1804. He was admitted to the bar and entered private practice in Ste. Genevieve, Louisiana Territory (now Missouri) and Kaskaskia, Indiana Territory (Illinois Territory from March 1, 1809) from 1804 to 1809. He was appointed Secretary of the Illinois Territory by President James Madison, serving from 1809 to 1816. He was acting Governor of the Illinois Territory in 1809. He was an Illinois Territorial Militia officer in 1812. Pope was a Democratic-Republican
Pope was elected on September 5, 1816, as a Delegate to the United States House of Representatives for a term of two years, serving in the 15th United States Congress from March 4, 1817 to November 30, 1818. He was a register for the United States Land Office in Edwardsville, Illinois Territory (State of Illinois from December 3, 1818) from November 30, 1818 to March 3, 1819.
Pope was instrumental both in securing the new territory's admission as the 21st State on December 3, 1818 (the statehood resolution passed regardless of the creative counting to achieve the former minimum of 60,000 persons) as well as in adjusting the new state's northern boundary from the southern extremity of Lake Michigan to 42° 30'. Adding the land now included in the thirteen northern counties became very important for Illinois' development, because it included what was to become its largest city (Chicago), although it also retarded Wisconsin's qualification for admission to the Union. Furthermore, Pope drafted the statehood resolution to ensure that 2% of land sales would be used to fund roads and 3% to fund schools, unlike the previous statehood resolutions which required 5% to be used to fund roads.
Federal judicial serviceEdit
Pope was nominated by President James Monroe on March 3, 1819, to the United States District Court for the District of Illinois, to a new seat authorized by 3 Stat. 502. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 3, 1819, and received his commission the same day. His service terminated on January 23, 1850, due to his death in St. Louis, Missouri. He was interred in the Colonel O’Fallon Burying Ground and later reinterred at the Bellefontaine Cemetery in St. Louis.
- Nathaniel Pope at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
- Lusk, David W. (1887). Politics and Politicians of Illinois. Springfield, IL: H. W. Rokker. p. 377.
- United States Congress. "Nathaniel Pope (id: P000432)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- "Nathaniel Pope — J. Ill. S. H. S. 3:7‑21 (1911)". penelope.uchicago.edu.
- Clark, William; Clark, Jonathan; Society, Filson Historical (19 June 2019). Dear Brother: Letters of William Clark to Jonathan Clark. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0300090109 – via Google Books.
- "Nathaniel Pope:From Connections and Factional Politics to Champion of Statehood" from Illinois History, December 1993
- Angle, Paul M. McClelland. Nathaniel Pope from 1784 to 1850, A Memoir. [Springfield, Ill.]: Privately printed, 1937. OCLC 5844104
- Bloom, Jo Tice. "Peaceful Politics: The Delegates from Illinois Territory from 1809 to 1818." The Old Northwest 6 (Fall 1980): 203-15.
- Illinois (Ter.) Laws, Statutes, etc. Laws of the Territory of Illinois, revised and digested, under the authority of the legislature. By Nathaniel Pope. Kaskaskia: Printed by Matthew Duncan Printer to the Territory, 1815.
|U.S. House of Representatives|
| Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives
from Illinois Territory
Seat established by 3 Stat. 502
| Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Illinois