Nathan Nata Spira

Nathan Nata Spira (Hebrew: נָתָן נָטָע שַׁפִּירָא‎;[a] 1585 – 20 July 1633) was a Polish rabbi and kabbalist, who served as Chief Rabbi of Kraków. A student of Meir Lublin, Spira played an important role in spreading Isaac Luria's teachings throughout Poland.[1] Spira was the author of a number of works, most notably the Megaleh Amukot.[2]

Nathan Nata Spiro
מצבת רבי נתן נטע שפירא. בית הקברות היהודי העתיק בקרקוב (3).jpg
Rabbi Spira's grave in the Remah Cemetery, Krakow
Born1585
Died20 July 1633
NationalityPolish
OccupationChief Rabbi of Kraków
Spouse(s)Roza (Chayes-Altschuler) Spira
Parent(s)Solomon Spiro

BiographyEdit

Spira descended from a rabbinical family, which traced its lineage as far back to Rashi, the noted 11th-century French commentator.[3] He was named after his grandfather Nathan Nata Spira, who was rabbi in Hrodna and author of Mevo Shearim (1575) and Imrei shefer (1597).[4][2] His father was Solomon Spira.[2]

Spira had seven children, three sons and four daughters.[5] While serving as Chief Rabbi of Kraków, Spira refused a salary.[2] He is buried in the Old Jewish cemetery in Kazimierz, Krakow.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Also spelled Note (Yiddish: נאָטע‬‎).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sherwin, Byron L. (1997). Sparks Amidst the Ashes: The Spiritual Legacy of Polish Jewry. Oxford University Press US. pp. 43 & 65. ISBN 978-0-19-510685-5.
  2. ^ a b c d Kayserling, Meyer; Schulim Ochser. "24. Nathan Nata Spira". Jewish Encyclopedia. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
  3. ^ Gelles, Edward (2006). An Ancient Lineage: European Roots of a Jewish family: Gelles-Griffel-Wahl-Chajes-Safier-Loew-Taube. Vallentine Mitchell. p. 231. ISBN 978-0-85303-680-7.
  4. ^ Elior, Rachel (2010). "Spira, Natan Note ben Shelomoh". YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe. Translated by Green, Jeffrey. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
  5. ^ Rafaeli, Esther (2004). The Modest Genius: Reb Aisel Harif. Devora Publishing. p. 324. ISBN 978-1-932687-04-0.

External linksEdit