Nashik (// also called as Nasik (listen)) is an ancient city in the northern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Situated on the banks of river Godavari, Nasik is well known for being one of the Hindu pilgrimage sites, that of Kumbh Mela which is held every 12 years.
Wine Capital of India
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Satish Kulkarni|
|• Guardian Minister||Chhagan Bhujbal|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Radhakrishna Game|
|• Commissioner of Police||Vishwas Nangare Patil|
|• Metropolis||264.2 km2 (102.0 sq mi)|
|Elevation||986 m (3,235 ft)|
|• Metropolis||1,486,973 (4rd in Maharashtra)|
|• Metro rank||29th|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||MH-15(Nashik City) MH-41,51(Nashik Rural)|
The river Godavari originates from the Brahmagiri Mountain, Trimbakeshwar about 24 km (15 mi) from Nashik and flows through the old residential settlement, now in the central part of the city. Due to high pollution created by factories in proximity of the city the river was dying at an alarming rate. It has since been successfully cleaned.
Trimbakeshwar is about 30 km (19 mi) from the city, it is where from river Godavari originates. The land area of the city is about 259.13 km2 (100.05 sq mi). Anjaneri near Nashik is traditionally considered the birthplace of Hanuman.
The city's tropical location and high altitude combine to give it a relatively mild version of a tropical wet and dry climate. Temperatures rise slightly in October, but this is followed by the cool season from November to February. The cool season sees warm temperatures of around 28 °C during the day, but cool nights, with lows averaging 10 °C, and extremely dry air.
|Climate data for Nashik (Ozar Airport) 1981–2010, extremes 1965–2006|
|Record high °C (°F)||35.5
|Average high °C (°F)||29.3
|Average low °C (°F)||10.4
|Record low °C (°F)||0.4
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||2.4
|Average rainy days||0.2||0.0||0.1||0.7||1.4||6.7||12.0||10.4||8.3||3.6||1.1||0.3||44.8|
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)||30||23||17||19||30||58||76||80||73||49||39||35||44|
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
Solid waste management
In the Nashik Municipal Corporation area about 225 MT of solid waste is generated per day. Unlike other Indian cities, this garbage is collected by vehicles titled 'Ghantagadi' (meaning the vehicle with a bell): a system which has resulted in smaller versions of the ghantagadi ply in the congested old city areas. A plant has been set by the Nashik Municipal Corporation near Pandav Leni (Pandavleni Caves) to process the garbage and convert into compost.
Nashik is the fourth largest city in Maharashtra in terms of population after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. According to the Census of India, 2011, Nashik had a population of 1,486,053. Males constitute 782,517 of the population and females 703,536. Metropolitan Nashik population was 1,561,809 in which 821,921 were males and 739,888 were females. Nashik city had an average literacy rate of 89.85%: male literacy was 93.40%, and female literacy was 85.92%.
The sex ratio is 894 per 1,000 males for Nashik city. Child sex ratio is 865 girls per 1,000 boys. In Nashik, 11.42% of the population is under 6 years of age. In census year 2001 the Nashik Urban Agglomeration had a population of 11,52,326. Thus it was the fourth largest urban area of Maharashtra State after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. The projected population of Nashik urban agglomeration (which includes abutting urban areas like Deolali) as on 11 November 2012 is 15,62,769.
Art and culture
In February 2016, The Statue of Ahimsa, a 108 ft idol of first Jain tirthankara Rishabhdev carved in monolithic stone was consecrated at Mangi Tungi. It is recorded in the Guinness Book of World Records as the tallest Jain idol in the world.
The Pandavleni Caves, or Nasik Caves, are a group of 24 caves carved between the 1st century BCE and the 2nd century CE, representing the Hinayana Buddhist caves and. Most of the caves are Viharas except for the 18th cave which is a Chaitya. The location of the caves is a holy Buddhist site and is located about 8 km south of Nashik.
- Gangapur Dam is on the river Godavari near Gangawadi village and it is earthen dam, Nashik.
- Chankapur dam which is on the Girna river is one of the big dams built by the British in the 19th century. It is 3 km from the village Abhona in Kalwan tehsil and 60 km from Nashik.
- Kashypi Dam is on the Kashypi river near Rajapur, Nashik.
- Girna Dam is an earthfill type of dam on river Girna near Nandgaon, Nashik District.
- Darna Dam is a gravity dam on Darna river near Igatpuri, Nashik district.
The Kumbh Mela is celebrated every six years at Haridwar and Allahabad and Maha Kumbh takes place every twelve years at four places in Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nashik. According to the Puranas, it is believed that Kumbh derives its name from an immortal pot of nectar, which the devtas (Gods) and demons fought over. The four places where the nectar fell are at the banks of river Godavari in Nashik, river Kshipra in Ujjain, river Ganges in Haridwar and at Triveni Sangam of Ganga, Yamuna and invisible Saraswati River in Allahabad.
In early 1925, the table grape revolution was started in Ojhar, a small town near Nashik, by Raosaheb Jairam Krishna Gaikwad. Today, table grapes are exported to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.
The average Kharip crop area is 663,200 hectares while the average Rabbi crop area is 136500 hectares. The sown area is 658,763 hectares (99%) and the forest land is 340,000 hectares (21.75%). The uncultivable area is 23,000 hectares (1.48%).
Nashik is a defense and aerospace manufacturing hub with Hindustan Aeronautics Limited aircraft manufacturing plant located at Ozar. The Currency Note Press and India Security Press are on Nashik Road, where Indian currency and government stamp papers are printed respectively.
Large-scale industries present in Nashik district are Atlas Copco, Robert Bosch GmbH, CEAT Limited, Crompton Greaves, Graphite India, Schneider Electric, ThyssenKrupp, Epcos, Everest Industries, Gabriel India, GlaxoSmithKline, Hindustan Coca-Cola, Hindustan Unilever Limited, Jindal Polyster, Jyoti Structures, Kirlosker Oil Engines, KSB Pumps, Larsen & Toubro, Mahindra and Mahindra, Mahindra Sona, United Spirits Limited, Perfect Circle Industries, Mahindra Ugine Steel, Samsonite, Shalimar Paints, Siemens, VIP Industries, Indian Oil Corporation, XLO India Limited and Jindal Saw.
Apart from manufacturing, Nashik is an emerging investment destination for Information Technology companies. Tata Consultancy Services has invested in Nashik under the government of India BPO promotion scheme (IBPS). Also WNS, ACRESS, Accenture, ICOMET technoloies TCS has set up Digital Impact Square, or DISQ, which is a social innovation center.
Nashik has a textile industry. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development has selected Yeola Block for development of Paithani Cluster. To facilitate exports, a container freight station was started at MIDC Ambad by the Central Government.
Nashik has been described as "The Wine Capital of India" the Nashik region reportedly produced 10,000 tonnes of grapes per year.
- Twin towns and sister cities
- Roadways- Nashik is connected to others cities in India by road.
- Railways- Nasik Road railway station is city railway station along with Deolali which lies within the city boundary.
- Airways- Nashik has its airport located at Ozar and an old airport at Gandhinagar which connected Nashik to Mumbai. The Gandhinagar Airport is now served for the military. Nashik Airport is domestic airport and it is connected to Ahmedabad, Indore and Hyderabad. Soon the city will be connected to Bengaluru and Goa under the UDAN scheme. There also had been a sea port constructed on Gangapur Dam to connect to Pune and Mumbai via a seaplane service which was operated by MEHAIR.
- Public Transport- In city people often mostly prefer auto rickshaw to travel. City bus service is operated by MSRTC.
- Metro - Greater Nashik Metro is proposed by Maharashtra Metro Rail Corporation Limited. It will be operational in 2024.
- Arjun Rampal, Actor
- Arshad Warsi, Actor
- Dilip Kumar, Actor
- Vinod Khanna, Actor
- Bhumika Chawla, Actress
- Abhishek Raut, Cricketer
- Anant Laxman Kanhere, Indian independence fighter
- Anjana Thamke, Athlete
- Dadasaheb Phalke, father of Indian cinema
- Pandit Dattatreya Vishnu Paluskar, Hindustani classical vocalist
- Vinayak Damodar Savarkar Indian pro-independence activism, politician, poet, writer and playwright
- Kusumagraj (Vishnu Vāman Shirwādkar), Marathi poet, playwright, and novelist
- Shivaji Tupe, Painter
- Krishnaji Gopal Karve, Indian freedom fighter, revolutionary
- Tatya Tope, Leader in the Indian Rebellion of 1857
- Dhairya Dand, Inventor, artist, designer
- Kavita Raut, Long-distance runner
- Sunil Khandbahale, Innovator, entrepreneur, language enthusiast
- Dattaraya Ramchandra Kaprekar, Recreational mathematician)
- Sayali Bhagat Femina Miss India world 2004, model/actress
- Mahadev Govind Ranade, (18 January 1842 – 16 January 1901) a distinguished Indian scholar, social reformer and author
- Ramesh Raskar, Computer scientist
- Dattu Baban Bhokanal, Rower
- Chinmay Udgirkar, Actor
- Vidit Santosh Gujrathi, Indian chess player
- Dadasaheb Gaikwad (Bhaurao Krishnaji Gaikwad), a politician, social worker
- Uttara Mhatre Kher Former Miss India
- Saiyami Kher Actress
- Anjali Patil Actress
- Shashank Khaitan Director
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|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Nashik.|