Narcissus jonquilla

Narcissus jonquilla, commonly known as jonquil[2] or rush daffodil, is a bulbous flowering plant, a species of the genus Narcissus (daffodil) that is native to Spain and Portugal but has now become naturalised in many other regions: France, Italy, Turkey, the former Yugoslavia, Madeira, British Columbia in Canada, Utah, Illinois, Minnesota, Ohio, and the southeastern United States from Texas to Maryland.

Jonquil or Rush daffodil
Narcissus jonquilla 3.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Genus: Narcissus
N. jonquilla
Binomial name
Narcissus jonquilla
Narcissus jonquilla distrib.jpg
Distribution range on the Iberian peninsula
  • Narcissus juncifolius Salisb. nom. illeg.[1]

Narcissus jonquilla bears long, narrow, rush-like leaves (hence the name jonquil, Spanish junquillo, from the Latin juncus 'rush').[3][4] In late spring it bears heads of up to five scented yellow or white flowers. It is a parent of numerous varieties within Division 7 of the horticultural classification.[5] Division 7 in the Royal Horticultural Society classification of Narcissus includes N. jonquilla and N. apodanthus hybrids and cultivars that show clear characteristics of those two species.[6][7]

N. jonquilla has been cultivated since the 18th century in France as the strongest of the Narcissus species used in narcissus oil, a component of many modern perfumes.[3]


  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  3. ^ a b Nigel Groom (30 June 1997). The New Perfume Handbook. Springer. pp. 170–171. ISBN 978-0-7514-0403-6. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
  4. ^ Shorter Oxford English dictionary, 6th ed. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. 2007. p. 3804. ISBN 978-0199206872.
  5. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
  6. ^ Gordon R. Hanks (18 April 2002). Narcissus and Daffodil: The Genus Narcissus. CRC Press. p. 50. ISBN 978-0-415-27344-2. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
  7. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Narcissus jonquilla". Retrieved 27 June 2013.

External linksEdit