Narasapuram, or Narsapur, is a Town in West Godavari district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh.[5] It is a municipality and mandal headquarters of Narasapuram mandal in Narasapuram revenue division.[2][6] The city is situated on the banks of the Vasista Godavari River.[7][8] The lace industry is prevalent in the city and its surroundings.[9][10]

Narasapuram
Narasapuram Adikesava Embarmannar Swamy
Narasapuram Adikesava Embarmannar Swamy
Narasapuram is located in Andhra Pradesh
Narasapuram
Narasapuram
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Narasapuram is located in India
Narasapuram
Narasapuram
Location in India
Coordinates: 16°26′10″N 81°42′06″E / 16.4361°N 81.7016°E / 16.4361; 81.7016Coordinates: 16°26′10″N 81°42′06″E / 16.4361°N 81.7016°E / 16.4361; 81.7016
Country India
StateAndhra Pradesh
DistrictWest Godavari
Revenue divisionNarasapuram
MandalNarasapuram
Named forNarasimha
Government
 • TypeMunicipal council
 • BodyNarasapuram Municipality
 • Municipal CommissionerC. Srinivas
 • MLAMudunuri Prasada Raju
 • MPKanumuri Raghurama Krishnam Raju
Area
 • Total11.32 km2 (4.37 sq mi)
Elevation2 m (7 ft)
Population
 (2011)[4]
 • Total58,770
 • Density5,200/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialTelugu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
534275
Telephone code08814
Vehicle registrationAP-37
Nearest cityPalakollu

EtymologyEdit

Narsapur was also known as "Nrusimhapuri", named after the Lord Narasimha.[11] Gradually it changed into Narasimhapuram and now to Narasapuram.[citation needed] It is also known as Abhinavabhutapuri.

HistoryEdit

The existence of Narsapur dates back to 1173 AD. Dutch people landed in Narsapur in 1626. Narsapur was used as a port by the Dutch and ships and boats were built here. It was noted for its ship building activity and some of the Europeans also were customers at this place; small boats are still built in Narsapur. In the 16th century, Portuguese established their own factory which remained as a trading centre for a few years. In the 18th century, Narsapur became an important trading port. From this port, teak was exported to other regions. The ports at Kakinada and Narsapuram became famous for manufacturing ships. At present there is no port handling at Narsapur.

Madhavayapalem (Madapollam) is celebrated as one of the earliest places where the English established a factory and was famous for its trade in cloth. According to Alexander Hamilton's A New Account of the East Indies (1727):

"Next to Matchulipatam (Machilipatnam) is Narsipore, where the English had a Factory for long Cloth, for the Use of their Factory of Matchulipatam, when they manufactured Chintz there. It also affords good Teak Timber for building, and has a fine deep River, but a dangerous Bar, which makes it little frequented."[12]

The trade of the town has steadily declined since the abolition of the company's factory in 1827. Before independence, British civilians had made imports and exports from Narsapur.

GeographyEdit

 
Narasapuram municipality in Narasapuram mandal map

Narsapur is located at 16°26′10″N 81°42′06″E / 16.4361°N 81.7016°E / 16.4361; 81.7016 and on the right bank of Vasista Godavari River at an altitude of 0 m (0 ft).[3] The River Godavari empties into Bay of Bengal near Antarvedi, at 9.6 km from Narsapur.[6]

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 census, the city had a population of 58,770. The total population is constituted of 28,796 males and 29,974 females – a sex ratio of 961 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 940 per 1000. 29,974 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 2,665 are boys and 2,456 are girls. The average literacy rate stands at 86.24% with 46,266 literates, significantly higher than the district average of 73.00%.[4][13]

GovernanceEdit

Civic administrationEdit

Narasapuram Municipality was constituted in 1956. Narsapur was made a 3rd Grade Municipality in 1956. It was upgraded to 2nd Grade Municipality in 1965 and again upgraded to 1st Grade Municipality in 2001. Narsapur Municipality consists of 31 wards and 48 slums in an area of 11.52 km2.[14]

PoliticsEdit

Narasapuram is represented by Narasapuram (Assembly constituency) for Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly. Under Narasapuram mandal, the town falls in Narasapuram (Lok Sabha constituency). Mudunuri Prasada Raju is the present MLA of the constituency from YSRC Party and the present MP is Kanumuri Raghurama Krishnam Raju from YSRCP.[15]

EconomyEdit

Industries

 
FishBoat

Handmade crochet lace-work is one of the most common form of industry in the town.[16]

There are many industries in and around the town such as International Lace Trade Centre,[17] Oil and Natural Gas Corporation of India,[18] Central Industrial Security Force,[19] Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute,[20] PanGodavari (Handicrafts),[21] Comprehensive Handicrafts Cluster Development Scheme, AWS (Automatic Weather Station) installed and commissioned by IMD.[22]

Aquaculture

Fishery is one of the main occupations that generates good amounts of revenues for the fishermen. It involves cultivation of a variety of estuarine fish called Pulasa.[23]

CultureEdit

Godavari Pushkaram is celebrated every twelve years in Narasapuram to take a holy dip in the Vasista Godavari River.[24] This river is said to have been brought in by the famous Maharishi Vashishtha, one of the seven great sages of the Hindu Mythology. The place draws people from the world over throughout the year. Antarvedi, the merging of the Bay of Bengal and Vasista River, which is a tributary of the River Godavari. The place of confluence of the ocean and river is called the "Sapta Sagara Sangam Pradesam". It is also known as the Anna Chelli Gattu (meaning brother–sister embankment).[25] Some of the religious destinations in the town are, Adikesava Emberumaanar Temple, a Vaishnavite temple of 300 years old which was constructed by translator of the British East India Company, Prasannagresara Puppala Ramanappa Naidu.[26]

LandmarksEdit

 
Perupalem Beach

The Perupalem Beach is located at a distance of 20 km from the town.[27] Narasapuram has become a key landmark destination for foreigners due to monkey tourism.[citation needed]

EducationEdit

 
Sri YN College
 
Swarnandra Engineering College

 

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[28][29] The mediums of instruction followed by different schools are English and Telugu.

Taylor High School is one of the major landmarks in Narsapuram showcasing the Dutch and the British buildings. The high school was founded by British Educationist and local Revenue Officer H. Taylor in 1852, and was later named after him.[30] The 'manyam veerudu' (jungle hero) Alluri Sitarama Raju had his schooling in this institution before he led the Rampa rebellion against the British.[31] Chilakamarti Lakshmi Narasimham, a freedom fighter and a noted Telugu litterateur also attended the school.[32]

Swarnandhra College of Engineering and Technology, an affiliation to Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University of Kakinada,[33] Sri Yerramilli Narayanamurthy college which was established in 1949, J Beera School of Education, BGBS Women's and music college, Flaiz Adventist Degree college and Some Corporate colleges are some of the other professional colleges.[34]

TransportEdit

 
Narsapur Railway Station

RoadwaysEdit

The town has a total road length of 79.67 km (49.50 mi).[35] The Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation operates bus services from Narasapuram bus station.[36] NH216 connects NH 16 near Ongole, a short route for Kolkata  – Chennai route.

APSRTC operates Bus servies from Narasapuram to Eluru , Rajahmundry , Vijayawada , Bhimavaram , Visakhapatnam , Nidadavolu , Ramachandrapuram , Mandapeta , Palakollu , Hyderabad , kakinada , Ravulapalem , Machilipatanam , Kaikaluru .

RailwaysEdit

Narasapuram railway station is a terminal station located on the Bhimavaram–Narasapuram branch line of Bhimavaram -Nidadavolu loop line in South Central Railway zone. It is classified as a B–category station in South Central Railway zone.[37]Kotipalli-Narsapuram railway line is the important railway project to the town.

WaterwaysEdit

Narasapur Port is proposed for developing it as a minor port, fishing harbor and ONGC Jetty.[38]

AirwaysEdit

Rajahmundry Airport is the nearest airport to the town which is 80 km away from the town.

SportsEdit

Narsapuram Football Club is part of FLOW (Football League Of West Godavari).[39] National level Kabaddi competitions are held every year on the eve of Sankranti festival at Kabadi Stadium, Narsapur. All India level Seniors Tennis Tournament is held in Narsapur officers club every year.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Municipalities, Municipal Corporations & UDAs" (PDF). Directorate of Town and Country Planning. Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 March 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  2. ^ a b "District Census Handbook – West Godavari" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 22, 54. Retrieved 22 January 2016.
  3. ^ a b "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Narasapuram, India". fallingrain.com.
  4. ^ a b "Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
  5. ^ "Mandal wise villages" (PDF). Revenue Department – AP Land. National Informatics Center. p. 9. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 February 2015. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  6. ^ a b "Guntur District Mandals" (PDF). Census of India. pp. 460, 470. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  7. ^ Nagaraja, G (10 October 2012). "Narsapur civic body set to get a voice". The Hindu. Narsapur. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  8. ^ Edgar Thurston (2011). The Madras Presidency with Mysore, Coorg and the Associated States (reissue ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 25. ISBN 9781107600683. Retrieved 2 March 2015.
  9. ^ "Handicraft exports jump 44 p.c. in November". The Hindu. New Delhi. 27 December 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  10. ^ "Godavari Delta Women Lace Artisans Co-Operative Cottage Industrial Society Ltd., – Manufacturers and Exporters of Handmade Cotton Crochet Laces & Processed Cotton Made ups". gdwlace.com.
  11. ^ "Layout page". areaprofiler.gov.in.
  12. ^ Bowrey, Thomas (1895). Temple, Richard Carnac (ed.). A Geographical Account of Countries Round the Bay of Bengal, 1669 to 1679. Printed for the Hakluyt Society. p. 99.
  13. ^ "Chapter–3 (Literates and Literacy rate)" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
  14. ^ "About Narasapur Municipality | Narasapur Municipal Corporation". narasapur.cdma.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 27 June 2018.
  15. ^ "AP Legislature MLAs". AP State Portal. Archived from the original on 22 October 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2014.
  16. ^ Chari, Pushpa (6 January 2011). "On a creative trip". The Hindu. Retrieved 3 December 2015.
  17. ^ "International lace trade centre to be set up at Narsapuram in AP". The Hindu Business Line. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  18. ^ "ONGC". godavarimahapushkaram2015. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  19. ^ "CISF". Cntral Industrial Security Force. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  20. ^ "CMFRI". Central Marine Fisheries Institute. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  21. ^ "Pangodavari". pangodavari. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  22. ^ "List of Automatic Weather Stations (AWS)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department, AWS Lab. Pune, India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2015.
  23. ^ Murali Sankar, K.N (23 July 2015). "Pulasa fishermen wait for Pushkaram to end". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
  24. ^ Hyland, Paul (1994). Indian balm : travels amongst fakirs and firewarriors. London: TPP. p. 52. ISBN 1845110854. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  25. ^ "AP Tourism Blog – Written words last".
  26. ^ "Sri Adikesava Perumal Brahmotsavams, Narsapur – Antaryami.net Sri Vaishnava Portal". indiamapped.com.
  27. ^ Puja Tripathy. "Perupalem Beach". Coastal Tourism India.
  28. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  29. ^ "The Department of School Education – Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Archived from the original on 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  30. ^ "A major landmark fallen on bad days". The Hindu. 1 May 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  31. ^ "Alluri Sita Rama Raju Biography". Baynews. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
  32. ^ Special Correspondent. "A major landmark fallen on bad days". The Hindu.
  33. ^ "Swarnandhra College of Engineering & Technology – Home". www.swarnandhra.ac.in. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  34. ^ "About us | Shri YN College". www.sriyncollege.org. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  35. ^ "Details of Roads in each ULB of Andhra Pradesh". Commissioner and Directorate of Municipal Administration. Municipal Administration and Urban Developmemt Department – Government of Andhra Pradesh. Archived from the original on 1 August 2016. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  36. ^ "Bus Stations in Districts". Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  37. ^ "Divisional info" (PDF). Indian Railways. Retrieved 18 July 2015.
  38. ^ "Department of Ports, Andhra Pradesh". apports.in.
  39. ^ "FLOW". www.flow.football. Retrieved 18 February 2016.

External linksEdit