Naples yellow, also called antimony yellow, is an inorganic pigment used in paintings during the period 1700-1850.[2] Colors range from a muted, or earthy, reddish yellow pigment to a bright light yellow. It is the chemical compound lead antimonate (Pb2Sb2O7). Also known as jaune d'antimoine, it is one of the oldest synthetic pigments. The Ancient Egyptians were known to create it.[3]

Naples Yellow
About these coordinates     Color coordinates
Hex triplet#FADA5E
sRGBB  (rgb)(250, 218, 94)
CMYKH   (c, m, y, k)(0, 13, 62, 2)
HSV       (h, s, v)(48°, 62%, 98[1]%)
ISCC–NBS descriptorBrilliant yellow
B: Normalized to [0–255] (byte)
H: Normalized to [0–100] (hundred)

The related mineral is bindheimite. However, this natural version was rarely, if ever, used as a pigment.

The mineral orpiment is the oldest yellow pigment, but Naples yellow, is the oldest clear yellow pigment of synthetic origin.[4]

Portion of the dilead antimonate (Pb2Sb2O7) structure (black = Pb, violet = Sb, red = O). This structure illustrates the complex, polymeric nature of many inorganic pigments.[5]

It largely replaced lead-tin-yellow during the eighteenth century.

The first recorded use of Naples yellow as a color name in English was in 1738.[6]

After 1800, Naples Yellow was superseded by chrome yellow (lead chromate), cadmium sulfide, and cobalt yellow.[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Color Conversion Tool set to hex code of color # FADA5E (Naples Yellow),
  2. ^ a b Robin J. H. Clark, Lucas Cridland, Benson M. Kariuki, Kenneth D. M. Harris, Robert Withnall (1995). "Synthesis, Structural Characterization and Raman Spectroscopy of the Inorganic Pigments Lead Tin Yellow Types I and II and Lead Antimonate Yellow: Their Identification on Medieval Paintings and Manuscripts". Journal of the Chemical Society, Dalton Transactions (16): 2577–2582. doi:10.1039/DT9950002577.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. ^ St. Clair, Kassia (2016). The Secret Lives of Colour. London: John Murray. p. 77. ISBN 9781473630819. OCLC 936144129.
  4. ^ Völz, Hans G. et al. (2006). "Pigments, Inorganic". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a20_243.pub2. ISBN 3527306730.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  5. ^ Ivanov, S. A.; Zavodnik, V. E. (1990). "Crystal structure of lead antimonate Pb2Sb2O7". Kristallografiya. 35: 842–p846.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  6. ^ Maerz and Paul. A Dictionary of Color New York: McGraw-Hill, 1930, p. 205; Color Sample of Naples Yellow: Page 43, Plate 10, Color Sample F3


  • Wainwright, I.N.M., Taylor, J.M. and Harley, R.D. Lead Antimonate yellow, in Artists’ Pigments. A Handbook of Their History and Characteristics, Vol. 1: Feller, R.L. (Ed.) Oxford University Press 1986, p. 219 – 254

External linksEdit