Naplanum was the first independent king of the ancient Near East city-state of Larsa ca. 1961 BC to 1940 BC (short chronology) — roughly during the reign of Ibbi-Sin of Ur-III and the great famine — according to the later Larsa King List. No contemporary year names or inscriptions have been found verifying that Naplanum was a king of Larsa, which seems to have remained part of Ibbi-Sin's kingdom. However a prominent and wealthy Amorite merchant named Naplanum does appear in many sales records of the grain industry during these later days of Ur-III, who may well have been the ancestor of the later independent kings of Larsa.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2008-04-23. The Rulers of Larsa, M. Fitzgerald, Yale University Dissertation, 2002
- Larsa Year Names, Marcel Segrist, Andrews University Press, 1990, ISBN 0-943872-54-5
- Chronology of the Larsa Dynasty, E.M. Grice , C.E. Keiser, M. Jastrow, AMS Press, 1979, ISBN 0-404-60274-6
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