Nandivarman II

Nandivarman II (Pallavamalla) (c. 731 – c. 796 CE) was a Pallava ruler who ruled in South India. Sen states Nandivarman reigned from 731–796 and built the Vaikuntha-Perumal Temple.[1] He was born in the country of Champa (modern day Vietnam) into a local dynasty of Pallava origin and was elected as a Pallava king at the age of 12.[2]

Nandivarman II
Pallava Ruler
Reignc. 731 – c. 796 CE
PredecessorParamesvaravarman II
SuccessorDantivarman
IssueDantivarman
HousePallava
FatherHiraynayavarman
Pallava Kings (200s–800s)
Virakurcha
Vishnugopa II
Simhavarman III
Simhavishnu
Mahendravarman I (600-630)
Narasimhavarman I (630–668)
Mahendravarman II (668–670)
Paramesvaravarman I (670–695)
Narasimhavarman II (700-728)
Paramesvaravarman II (728–731)
Nandivarman II (731–795)
Dantivarman (795–846)
Nandivarman III (846-869)
Nrpatungavarman (869-880)
Aparajitavarman (880-897)

BackgroundEdit

Paramesvaravarman II was succeeded by 12 year old Nandivarman II Pallavamalla who belonged to the collateral line of Pallavas called the Kadavas. The latter were the descendants of Bhimavarman, the brother of Simhavishnu. Hiranyavarman, the father of Nandivarman Pallavamalla is said to have belonged to the Kadavakula in epigraphs.[3] Nandivarman II himself is described as "one who was born to raise the prestige of the Kadava family".[4] The term Kaduvetti in Tamil means destroyer or clearer of forests as the Pallavas like their ancestor Mukkanti Kaduvetti alias Trilochana Pallava were known to often clear forests and introduce civilization by settling Brahmins and other communities.[5][6]

The previous ruler Paramesvaravarman II did not have an heir so the ministers, feudatories and advisors of the kingdom took an expedition to neighboring kingdoms and distant lands to find a suitable prince of the original line. Upon reaching Kambujadesa, modern day Cambodia and southern Vietnam,[citation needed] they finally identified Nandivarman II as belonging to the original line and willing to ascend the throne. Accordingly, he was brought and then installed on the throne of the Pallava kingdom.[7][8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 41–42. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  2. ^ Kanakalatha Mukund. The world of Tamil merchants. Penguin, 2015. p. 17.
  3. ^ V. Ramamurthy. History of Kongu, Volume 1. International Society for the Investigation of Ancient Civilization, 1986. p. 172.
  4. ^ Eugen Hultzsch. South Indian Inscriptions, Volume 12. Manager of Publications, 1986. p. viii.
  5. ^ Bridget Allchin. Living Traditions: Studies in the Ethnoarchaeology of South Asia. Oxbow Books, 1994 - Archaeology - 391 pages. p. 212.
  6. ^ Cynthia Talbot, Assistant Professor of History and Asian Studies Cynthia Talbot. Precolonial India in Practice: Society, Region, and Identity in Medieval Andhra. Oxford University Press, 2001 - History - 305 pages. p. 205.
  7. ^ India. Ministry of External Affairs. India Perspectives, Volume 9. Produced by PTI for the Ministry of External Affairs, 1996. p. 20.
  8. ^ Pradip Kumar Das. The Homecoming and Other Stories. Partridge Publishing, 23-Aug-2013 - Biography & Autobiography - 144 pages. p. 123.

External linksEdit

Nandivarman II
Preceded by Pallava dynasty
732–796
Succeeded by