Nancy Hatch Dupree (October 3, 1927 – September 10, 2017) was an American historian whose work primarily focused on the history of modern Afghanistan. She was the director of the Afghanistan Center at Kabul University and author of five books that she compiled while studying the history of Afghanistan from 1962 until the late 1970s, writing about tourism and history of Bamyan, Kabul, Kandahar, Herat, Mazar-i-Sharif and so on. She was fondly called the "grandmother of Afghanistan", having spent more of her life there or with Afghans abroad.
October 3, 1927
|Died||September 10, 2017 (aged 89)|
|Resting place||Kabul, Afghanistan|
|Alma mater||Barnard College (B.A)|
Columbia University (M.A)
|Title||Director of the Afghanistan Center at Kabul University|
|Spouse(s)||Louis Dupree (1966-1989; his death)|
Nancy Dupree was born as Nancy Hatch in Cooperstown, New York. She spent most of her childhood in India. Her parents were working in Kerala, where her father was an adviser to the Maharaja of Travancore. Her mother, a Broadway actress, was drawn to Indian art and theatrical dance forms and embarked on the first PhD on Kathakali by a foreign scholar.
Hatch graduated from Barnard College in 1949. She then went to Columbia University to study Chinese. She did her mastery in Chinese Art at Columbia University, but her life was linked to southern Asia in an inexorable manner. First married to an American intelligence officer, Alan D. Wolfe, posted in what was then called Ceylon, she later moved with her husband to Iraq, then Pakistan, and finally Afghanistan in 1962.
Dupree first arrived in Afghanistan in 1962 as a diplomat's wife. Shortly after she wrote the first guide in English to the Bamiyan Buddhas. Several years later, she met Louis Duprée, who was a renowned archaeologist and scholar of Afghan culture and history. The two fell in love and got married after divorcing their former spouses, marrying in the Bagh-e Bala Palace in 1966.
After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, Nancy was forced to leave the country, while Louis remained. Rather than return to the United States, she moved to a refugee camp in Peshawar, Pakistan. Louis was eventually arrested under suspicion of working for the Central Intelligence Agency as a spy. He then joined Nancy in Peshawar. While in the refugee camp, Nancy realized the potential for the loss of unique documents about Afghanistan to be lost or destroyed forever. In order to preserve these works and to teach them to a new generation, she and Louis formed the Agency Coordinating Body for Afghan Relief (ACBAR). They began to collect both government and non-government documents that related to the country's history, culture, the Soviet-Afghan War, the Mujahedeen, and the Taliban. Nancy said that in the looting that began after the Soviet invasion, many priceless books were sold to be used for fuel. A large number of books were also sold by weight to be used to wrap food. According to The Economist, "her networking prowess was so notorious that she was once approached, to see if she could help with permits to dig tunnels in Kabul, by the young Osama bin Laden." Louis died in North Carolina in 1989, a short time after Soviet forces completed their withdrawal from Afghanistan.
After the Coalition forces moved into Afghanistan in 2001, Nancy did not immediately move back. She and her colleagues were concerned for their own safety and that of ACBAR's collection, which by 1999 consisted of 7,739 titles written in Pashto, Dari (Persian), French, German, Norwegian, and Swedish. In 2005, Nancy moved back to Kabul and worked with the Afghan government to find a place to house ACBAR's collection. The collection was moved to Kabul University and the name was changed to the Afghan Center at Kabul University (ACKU). A $2 million building of where ACKU is located was completed to house the collection in 2012.
Part of ACKU's collections have been digitized in collaboration with the University of Arizona Libraries and are available online for global open access. When University of Arizona Librarian Atifa Rawan knew Nancy personally and her collections moved back to Kabul from Pershaw, Pakistan in 2005 by the invitation from Afghanistan’s President Hamid Karzai. In 2006, Atifa Rawan and Yan Han met with Nancy to submit a grant proposal of digitizing all ACKU’s collections for two major purposes: 1) universal open access and 2) digital preservation. In 2007, a NEH grant of $300,000 was funded to digitize 3,000 titles of ACKU's collection for open access and digital preservation. Nancy selected these 3,000 titles from ACKU's collection. The grant project ended in 2011, and provided a great start for open access and digital preservation of related Afghan materials. Since 2011, more than 1.4 million pages of documents have been added. The Afghan Digital Repository is the world largest digital collections related to Afghanistan and its related regions, consisting of over 1.7 million pages of documents in Pashto, Farsi and English.
Louis and Nancy Hatch Dupree FoundationEdit
In 2007, Nancy Hatch Dupree established the Louis and Nancy Hatch Dupree Foundation. It is a charitable organization that promotes research and raises awareness of the history and culture of Afghanistan. In addition, this organization also preserves Afghan cultural heritage. The organization's primary goal is to ensure the sustainability of the Afghanistan Center at Kabul University (ACKU). Programs offer Afghans from all walks of life, especially youth, incentives to acquire and employ information that will help them address the challenges of rebuilding their nation.
The organization has been able to achieve its overall goal by purchasing books and providing them to the schools in parts of Afghanistan that have never had a library. Due to regional instability, the organization has not been able to achieve all of its goals as an active NGO.
Dupree died after battling an illness in Kabul, Afghanistan, at the age of 89. President Ashraf Ghani and CEO Abdullah Abdullah offered their condolences. Ghani added that Nancy "considered Afghanistan her real home and willed to be buried in Kabul next to the tomb of her husband." Former President Hamid Karzai said "Nancy Dupree, a loving daughter of Afghanistan, is no more with us. May God bless her soul." and "Afghanistan will keep her in affectionate memory."  A large mural of Dupree was painted on a wall in downtown Kabul in honor.
- Dupree, Nancy Hatch; Kohzad, Ahmad Ali (1972). An Historical Guide to Kabul. Afghan Tourist Organization. ASIN B0006CCCLW.
- Dupree, Nancy Hatch; Dupree, Motamedi (1974). The National Museum of Afghanistan : an illustrated guide. The Afghan Tourist Organization. ASIN B000YZI8FK.
- Dupree, Nancy Hatch (1977). An Historical Guide to Afghanistan. Afghan Tourist Organization. ASIN B0006DXU30.
- Maley, William. (2013). Afghanistan as a cultural crossroads: Lessons from the writings of Ella Maillart, Annemarie Schwarzenbach and Nancy Dupree. Asian Affairs, 44(2), 215.
- Moustafa, Laila Hussein. (2016). From Peshawar to Kabul: Preserving Afghanistan's cultural heritage during wartime. RBM: A Journal of Rare Book, Manuscripts, and Cultural History, 17(2), 134-147.
- Dupree, Nancy Hatch. (2002). Cultural heritage and national identity in Afghanistan. Third World Quarterly, 23(5), 977-989.
- Dupree, Nancy Hatch. (1996). Museum under siege. Archaeology, 49(2), 42-51.
- Dupree, Nancy Hatch. (1988). Demographic reporting on Afghan refugees in Pakistan. Modern Asian Studies, 22, 845-865.
- "Obituary: Nancy Dupree died on September 10th". The Economist. 14 September 2017.
- Mashal, Mujib (September 10, 2017). "Nancy Hatch Dupree, Scholar of Afghanistan, Is Dead at 89". The New York Times.
- Bohlen, Celestine (July 9, 2002). "A Love Affair With Afghanistan Continues at 74; Her Guidebook Inspired a Play, And She Fights for a Nation's Soul". The New York Times.
- Waldman, Amy (May 8, 2004). "A Chronicler of Afghan Culture, Now Its Loyal Guard". The New York Times.
- The first guide to Bamiyan was published in French in 1934 by Joseph Hackin, director of the Délégation archéologique française en Afghanistan, translated in German in 1939 (Paris, éditions d'art et d'histoire).
- The Best American Magazine Writing 2015 by The American Society of Magazine Editors
- Graham-Harrison, Emma (March 26, 2013). "From Kabul love affair to Afghanistan's first centre for study of its history". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-01-12.
- Moustafa, Laila Hussein (Fall 2016). "From Peshawar to Kabul: Preserving Afghanistan's Cultural Heritage during Wartime". RBM: A Journal of Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Cultural Heritage. 17 (2): 134–147.
- Verini, James (23 February 2014). "Love and Ruin". The Atavist Magazine. The Atavist. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
- Afroz, Nazes (1 December 2017). "The woman who set up Afghanistan's biggest cultural archive". The Caravan. Retrieved 2019-12-07.
- "American Seeks to Preserve Storied Afghan Past". Daily Mail. Associated Press. December 15, 2014.
- "Nancy Dupree: Renowned US historian dies in Afghanistan". Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera Media Network. 10 September 2017. Archived from the original on 10 September 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017.
- Louis and Nancy Hatch Dupree Foundation
- Museum Under Siege: Full Text by Nancy Hatch Dupree
- Preserving Afghanistan's Cultural Heritage: An Interview with Nancy Hatch Dupree
- Nancy Dupree's love affair with Kabul at the Wayback Machine (archived March 6, 2012)
- Groundbreaking ceremony for new library at Kabul University: 25 July 2009
- on YouTube
- Afghanistan Center at Kabul University