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The following table lists the names of India in the Union government's official languages.

The Union government uses primarily English[1] in addition to Hindi which was a "subsidiary official language"[2][3][4] for its official purposes.[5] The Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution lists 22 languages including Hindi,[6] which have been referred to as scheduled languages and given recognition, status and official encouragement. But the Union government is also required to prepare and execute a programme to progressively increase its use of Hindi.[7]

The exact extent to which, and the areas in which, the Union government uses English, or any other Eighth schedule languages including Hindi, respectively, is determined by the provisions of the Constitution, the Official Languages Act, 1963, the Official Languages Rules, 1976, and statutory instruments made by the Department of Official Language of the Union Government under these laws. The Constitution of India does not give any languages the status of national language.[8][9]

Contents

Official languages of the Union governmentEdit

Language Official short form Official long form
English India Republic of India
Hindi भारत
Bhārat
भारत गणराज्य
Bhārat Gaṇarājya

Eighth Schedule LanguagesEdit

Language Official short form Official long form
Assamese ভাৰত
Bhārôt
ভাৰত গণৰাজ্য
Bhārôt Gônôrāzyô
Bengali ভারত
Bhārot
ভারতীয় প্রজাতন্ত্র
Bhārotiyo Projātôntro
Bodo भारत
Bhārôt
भारत गणराज्य
Bhārôt Gônôrājyô
Dogri भारत
Bhārat
भारत गणराज्य
Bhārat Ganarājya
Gujarati ભારત
Bhārat
ભારતીય ગણતંત્ર
Bhārtiya Gantāntrā
Hindi भारत
Bhārat
भारत गणराज्य
Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Kannada ಭಾರತ
Bhārata
ಭಾರತ ಗಣರಾಜ್ಯ
Bhārata Ganarājya
Kashmiri بًارت
Bhārat
جمہوٗرِیت بًارت
Jumhūriyat Bhārat
Konkani भारत
Bharot
भारत गणराज्य
Bharot Gonorajyo
Maithili भारत
Bhārat
भारत गणराज
Bhārat Ganaraj
Malayalam ഭാരതം
Bhāratam
ഭാരത ഗണരാജ്യം
Bhārata Gaarājyam
Meitei (Manipuri) ভারত
Bharôt
ভারত গণরাজ্য
Bharôt Gônôrajyô
Marathi भारत
Bhārat
भारतीय प्रजासत्ताक
Bhārtiya Prajāsattāk
Nepali भारत
Bhārat
गणतन्त्र भारत
Gaṇatantra Bhārat
Oriya ଭାରତ
Bhārôtô
ଭାରତ ଗଣରାଜ୍ଯ
Bhārôtô Gônôrājyô
Punjabi ਭਾਰਤ
Bhā̀rat
ਭਾਰਤ ਗਣਤੰਤਰ
Bhā̀rat Gaṇtantar
Sanskrit भारतम्
Bhāratam
भारतमहाराज्यम्
Bhāratamahārājyam
Santhali ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱞᱤ
Sindhi ڀارت
Bhārat
جمہوریہ ڀارت
Jumhūrīyate Bhārat
Tamil இந்தியா
Indhiyā
இந்தியக் குடியரசு
Indhiyak kudiyarasu
Telugu భారత దేశము
Bhārata Desamu
భారత గణతంత్ర రాజ్యము
Bhārata Gaṇataṇtra Rājyamu
Urdu بھارت
Bhārat
جمہوریہ بھارت
Jumhūrīyat-e Bhārat

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Official Language Act | Government of India, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology". meity.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-01-23. 
  2. ^ Notification No. 2/8/60-O.L. (Ministry of Home Affairs), dated 27 April 1960
  3. ^ "Constitution of India". Retrieved 21 March 2012. 
  4. ^ Salzmann, Zdenek; Stanlaw, James; Adachi, Nobuko (8 July 2014). "Language, Culture, and Society: An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology". Westview Press – via Google Books. 
  5. ^ "The Official Languages (Use for Official Purpose of the Union) - Rules 1976 (As Amended, 1987) - Paragraph 3(1)". Archived from the original on 25 March 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Languages Included in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constution | राजभाषा विभाग". rajbhasha.nic.in. Archived from the original on 2017-01-24. Retrieved 2017-01-24. 
  7. ^ "The Official Languages (Use for Official Purpose of the Union) - Rules 1976 (As Amended, 1987) - Paragraph 1". Archived from the original on 25 March 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 
  8. ^ Khan, Saeed (25 January 2010). "There's no national language in India: Gujarat High Court". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 May 2014. 
  9. ^ Press Trust of India (25 January 2010). "Hindi, not a national language: Court". The Hindu. Ahmedabad. Retrieved 23 December 2014.