Nakkila (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈnɑkːilɑ]) is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Satakunta region, 19 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of Pori. The Kokemäki River flows along the center of Nakkila. The municipality has a population of 5,253 (31 March 2021)[2] and covers an area of 184.88 square kilometres (71.38 sq mi) of which 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 28.72 inhabitants per square kilometre (74.4/sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Finnish. The name Nackeby was earlier used in Swedish.[6]

Nakkila
Municipality
Nakkilan kunta
Nakkila kommun
Porintie, one of the main streets at Nakkila's centre in July 2020.
Porintie, one of the main streets at Nakkila's centre in July 2020.
Coat of arms of Nakkila
Motto(s): 
Ystävyys meitä yhdistää
Location of Nakkila in Finland
Location of Nakkila in Finland
Coordinates: 61°21′53″N 22°00′20″E / 61.36472°N 22.00556°E / 61.36472; 22.00556Coordinates: 61°21′53″N 22°00′20″E / 61.36472°N 22.00556°E / 61.36472; 22.00556
Country Finland
RegionSatakunta
Sub-regionPori sub-region
Charter1861
Government
 • Municipal managerNina-Mari Turpela
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total184.88 km2 (71.38 sq mi)
 • Land182.91 km2 (70.62 sq mi)
 • Water1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi)
Area rank268th largest in Finland
Population
 (2021-03-31)[2]
 • Total5,253
 • Rank165th largest in Finland
 • Density28.72/km2 (74.4/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish99.2% (official)
 • Swedish0.3%
 • Others0.5%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1414.8%
 • 15 to 6456.5%
 • 65 or older28.7%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]21.25%
ClimateDfc
Websitewww.nakkila.fi

There are two major sights, the Nakkila Church and the film studio Villilä, often referred as "Hollywood of Finland". Nakkila is also well known for the European river lampreys, which are a traditional food of the locality.[7]

HistoryEdit

In the early days of the Continuation War, Järvikylä, Nakkila was a target of a strange bombing, when the Soviet bombers carried out the only air bombing of the Satakunta region. The reason of the bombing is still unknown[8]

TransportEdit

Nakkila's most significant road is valtatie 2 between Helsinki and Pori. The Tampere-Pori railway also passes through Nakkila.

PoliticsEdit

Results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Nakkila:

AttractionsEdit

Nakkila's attractions include Finland's first functionalist church, completed in 1937, and Villilä film studio, which is sometimes nicknamed "Hollywood of Finland". Villilä has shot parts of the films Kaksipäisen kotkan varjossa, Sibelius, FC Venus and Risto Räppääjä ja liukas Lennart.There are also many archeological monuments in Nakkila, the most important of which are the Kiukainen cultural area in Uotinmäki, the Selkäkangas burial mounds in Viikkala from the bronze ages and the Rieskaronmäki bronze age residence in Kivialho.

Other attractions include:

  • Kotiseutumuseo
  • Juustomeijerimuseo
  • Pyssykankaan koulumuseo.

IndustryEdit

 
J. W. Suominen's old nonwovens factory in Nakkila

Nakkila's most significant industrial companies are Nakkila Works konepaja and Länsi-Suomen Voima Oy's hydropower plant. Smaller industrial activities have been represented by the carpentry industry. The Suominen Corporation's nonwovens factory[9] (formerly Suomisen nahkatehdas[10]) has also been a major employer, but much of the production has been shut down by the end of 2012.

Population developmentEdit

  • 1980 – 6 248
  • 1985 – 6 445
  • 1990 – 6 396
  • 1995 – 6 186
  • 2000 – 6 094
  • 2005 – 5 832
  • 2010 – 5 788
  • 2015 – 5 651
  • 2020 – 5 321


Villages in NakkilaEdit

The year following the name of the village indicates when the first document entry is known about the village.

Arantila, Anola (1410), Hormisto, Järvikylä, Kivialho, Kukonharja (1354), Lammainen (1348), Leistilä (1441), Masia, Matomäki, Pakkala, Punapakka, Penttala, Pysykykangas, Ruskila, Soinila, Tattara (1441), Tervasmäki, Uotinmäki, Viikkala, Villilä(1451), Vuohimäki, Hohtari.

Notable peopleEdit

Sister citiesEdit

Nakkila is twinned with:

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Preliminary population structure by area, 2021M01*-2021M03*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2021" (PDF). Tax Administration of Finland. 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  6. ^ "Etusivu".
  7. ^ Home – Nakkila
  8. ^ "Pikkukylä joutui outoon pommisateeseen jatkosodassa – luultiinko peltoa lentokentäksi?". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). 2018-01-21. Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  9. ^ "Etusivu". www.suominen.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 2021-11-22.
  10. ^ "Suomisen nahkatehdas".
  11. ^ "Edvard Hannula" (in Finnish). Eduskunta Riskdagen. Retrieved 1 May 2021.
  12. ^ "Kyllikki Pohjala". Finnish Government. Retrieved 11 April 2021.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Nakkila at Wikimedia Commons