Naka, Tokushima

Naka (那賀町, Naka-chō) is a town located in Naka District, Tokushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 March 2022, the town had an estimated population of 7,597 in 3734 households and a population density of 11 persons per km².[1]The total area of the town is 694.98 square kilometres (268.33 sq mi).

Naka
那賀町
Naka town
Naka town
Flag of Naka
Official seal of Naka
Location of Naka in Tokushima Prefecture
Location of Naka
Naka is located in Japan
Naka
Naka
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 33°51′N 134°30′E / 33.850°N 134.500°E / 33.850; 134.500Coordinates: 33°51′N 134°30′E / 33.850°N 134.500°E / 33.850; 134.500
CountryJapan
RegionShikoku
PrefectureTokushima
DistrictNaka
Government
 • MayorHirofumi Sakaguchi
Area
 • Total694.98 km2 (268.33 sq mi)
Population
 (March 31, 2022)
 • Total7,597
 • Density11/km2 (28/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address104-1, Minamigawa, Wajikigo, Naka-cho, Naka-gun, Tokushima-ken 771-5295
ClimateCfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Naka Town Hall
border of Anan and Naka
Ogama Falls
Naka River at Wajiki

GeographyEdit

Naka is located in southern of Tokushima Prefecture on the island of Shikoku. It is situated on the banks of the Naka River. Parts of the town are within the borders of the Tsurugisan Quasi-National Park, including areas such as Konose Gorge and the Tsurugisan Super Forest Road. In addition, Ogama Falls and Daitodorono Falls are scenic spots.

Neighbouring municipalitiesEdit

Tokushima Prefecture

Kōchi Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Naka has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Precipitation is high, but there is a pronounced difference between the wetter summers and drier winters. The average annual temperature in Naka is 13.6 °C (56.5 °F). The average annual rainfall is 3,391.3 mm (133.52 in) with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 24.5 °C (76.1 °F), and lowest in January, at around 2.6 °C (36.7 °F).[2] The highest temperature ever recorded in Naka was 39.0 °C (102.2 °F) on 18 August 2020; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −10.9 °C (12.4 °F) on 8 February 1984.[3]

Climate data for Kito, Naka (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1979−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
22.3
(72.1)
25.2
(77.4)
31.7
(89.1)
33.1
(91.6)
36.1
(97.0)
38.2
(100.8)
39.0
(102.2)
34.7
(94.5)
30.4
(86.7)
24.4
(75.9)
21.3
(70.3)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) 9.0
(48.2)
10.3
(50.5)
14.1
(57.4)
19.4
(66.9)
23.7
(74.7)
25.9
(78.6)
30.0
(86.0)
30.8
(87.4)
26.6
(79.9)
21.6
(70.9)
16.2
(61.2)
11.0
(51.8)
19.9
(67.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
3.9
(39.0)
7.4
(45.3)
12.5
(54.5)
16.9
(62.4)
20.3
(68.5)
24.0
(75.2)
24.5
(76.1)
21.1
(70.0)
15.6
(60.1)
9.8
(49.6)
4.5
(40.1)
13.6
(56.5)
Average low °C (°F) −2.0
(28.4)
−1.1
(30.0)
2.0
(35.6)
6.6
(43.9)
11.4
(52.5)
16.2
(61.2)
20.1
(68.2)
20.6
(69.1)
17.3
(63.1)
11.4
(52.5)
5.3
(41.5)
0.0
(32.0)
9.0
(48.2)
Record low °C (°F) −8.5
(16.7)
−10.9
(12.4)
−6.8
(19.8)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.7
(35.1)
7.3
(45.1)
12.0
(53.6)
13.2
(55.8)
7.2
(45.0)
0.9
(33.6)
−3.0
(26.6)
−6.5
(20.3)
−10.9
(12.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 77.0
(3.03)
108.2
(4.26)
176.2
(6.94)
204.9
(8.07)
277.4
(10.92)
398.7
(15.70)
479.6
(18.88)
546.8
(21.53)
611.2
(24.06)
283.5
(11.16)
131.4
(5.17)
96.4
(3.80)
3,391.3
(133.52)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.6 7.7 11.2 10.5 11.4 15.0 13.9 13.8 13.9 10.3 7.8 6.6 128.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 171.8 165.0 188.8 196.1 194.6 128.3 147.2 171.9 130.4 156.8 157.5 164.3 1,972.7
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3][2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data, the population of Naka in 2020 is 7,367 people.[4] Naka has been conducting censuses since 1920.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 18,805—    
1925 18,757−0.3%
1930 18,746−0.1%
1935 19,075+1.8%
1940 19,210+0.7%
1945 21,836+13.7%
1950 22,909+4.9%
1955 24,713+7.9%
1960 23,279−5.8%
1965 20,785−10.7%
1970 16,947−18.5%
1975 15,364−9.3%
1980 14,360−6.5%
1985 13,998−2.5%
1990 13,255−5.3%
1995 12,572−5.2%
2000 11,893−5.4%
2005 10,695−10.1%
2010 9,322−12.8%
2015 8,402−9.9%
2020 7,367−12.3%
Naka population statistics[4]

HistoryEdit

As with all of Tokushima Prefecture, the area of Naka was part of ancient Awa Province. During the Edo period, the area was part of the holdings of Tokushima Domain ruled by the Hachisuka clan from their seat at Tokushima Castle. The villages of Aioi (相生村) and Wajjiki (鷲敷村) were established within Naka District, Tokushima with the creation of the modern municipalities system on October 1, 1889. Wajiki was elevated town status on July 10, 1908 followed by Aioi on September 30, 1956. Naka was founded on March 1, 2005 from the merger of the towns of Aioi, Wajiki, and Kaminaka and the villages of Kisawa and Kito, all from Naka District.

GovernmentEdit

Naka has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral town council of 14 members. Naka contributes one member to the Tokushima Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the town is part of Tokushima 1st district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Naka is largely agricultural. Otsuka Pharmaceutical has a large facility in Naka.

EducationEdit

Naka has four public elementary schools and three public middle schools operated by the town government and one public high school operated by the Tokushima Prefectural Department of Education.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

Naka has no passenger railway service. Kuwano Station in neighboring Anan or Hiwasa Station in neighboring Minami, both on the JR Shikoku Mugi Line are the closest stations.

HighwaysEdit

Local attractionsEdit

Notable people from NakaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Naka town official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
  3. ^ a b 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 14, 2022.
  4. ^ a b Naka population statistics

External linksEdit