Najla Mohammed El Mangoush (Arabic: نجلاء محمد المنقوش; born 7 June 1973) is a Libyan diplomat and lawyer. She has been Libya's Foreign Minister in Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh's government since 15 March 2021. Najla El Mangoush is Libya's first female foreign minister, as well as the fifth woman to hold the position of a foreign minister in the Arab World.
Najla El Mangoush
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
|Assumed office |
15 March 2021
|Prime Minister||Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh|
|Preceded by||Abdulhadi Elhweg (Al Bayda Cabinet)|
Mohamed Taha Siala (Tripoli Cabinet)
|Born||7 June 1973|
London, England, United Kingdom
|Alma mater||Eastern Mennonite University|
George Mason University
Mangoush was born in Cardiff, Wales, to a family of four children who originated from Libya, but she grew up in Benghazi, the city to which the family returned, when she was six years old.
Trained as a lawyer at Benghazi University (then Garyounis University) and was later an assistant professor of law at the university. Later on she gained a Fulbright Scholarship to the United States of America, where she graduated from the Center for Justice and Peacebuilding at EMU university in Virginia.
As a conflict-resolution expert, she was the country representative in Libya for USIP (United States Institute of Peace).
She has served as the Program Officer for Peace-building and Traditional Law at the Center for World Religions, Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution in Arlington, Virginia.
During Libya’s 2011 revolution, she headed the National Transitional Council’s (NTC) Public Engagement Unit which dealt with civil society organisations.
On 15 March 2021 she became a foreign minister in Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh's cabinet, which is a part of the government of national unity. She is the first female Foreign Minister of Libya and the fifth to hold such a position in the Arab World after Naha Mint Mouknass (2009 - 2011) and Vatma Vall Mint Soueina (2015) of Mauritania, Fawzia Yusuf H. Adam (2012–2014) of Somalia and Asma Mohamed Abdalla (2019–2020) of Sudan.
In May 2021, she came under pressure to resign and been subjected to personal abuse after she called Turkey to comply with the UN resolutions and withdraw the Turkish troops and mercenaries from Libya.
On 6 November 2021, the Presidential Council suspended Mangoush on charges of carrying out foreign policy without coordination with the council. She was also barred from traveling. Prime Minister Abdul Hamid Dbeibeh disputed the right of the Presidential Council to suspend Mangoush, saying the power to appoint or suspend ministers in his government is his exclusive preserve.
On December 7, 2021, Mangoush was named in the BBC 100 Women 2021 list for her work on building links with civil society organisations. In 2022, Mangoush received the International Women of Courage Award from the United States Department of State.
- ^ a b c d e "Najla Mangoush – Libya's first female Foreign Minister". Libya Herald. 11 March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- ^ a b "Najla Mangoush first female Libyan FM". alwasat.ly (in Arabic). 15 March 2021. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- ^ "Najla Mangoush – Libya's first female Foreign Minister". Libya Herald. 11 March 2021. Retrieved 9 May 2021.
- ^ Rausch, Colette (2015). Speaking Their Peace: Personal Stories from the Frontlines of War and Peace. Berkeley, California: Roaring Forties Press. ISBN 978-1938901386.
- ^ "Libya's first female foreign minister pressed to quit". The Guardian.
- ^ Libya's Presidency Council suspends foreign minister, spokesperson says
- ^ Wintour, Patrick (7 November 2021). "Libya's PM and president in dispute over foreign minister's suspension". The Guardian.
- ^ "Libya's Presidency Council suspends foreign minister, gov't rejects the decision". National Post. Toronto, Ontario. Reuters.
- ^ "BBC 100 Women 2021: Who is on the list this year?". BBC News. 7 December 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
- ^ "2022 International Women of Courage Award". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 22 May 2022.