Nahal Taninim (Hebrew: נחל תנינים, lit. 'Crocodile Stream') or Wadi az-Zarka (Arabic: وَادِي الزرقاء, lit. 'Blue Stream') is a river in Israel near the Arab town Jisr az-Zarqa, originating near Ramot Menashe and emptying into the Mediterranean Sea south of Ma'agan Michael. It marks the southern limit of the Hof HaCarmel, or Carmel Coastal Plain region.
The river is named for the Nile crocodiles that inhabited the nearby Kebara swamps until the early 20th century. The last recorded sighting of a crocodile was in 1912. The remains of Crocodilopolis, Greek for "Crocodile City", a city established there in the fourth century BCE, are still visible today.
The area of the basin and its tributaries is about 200 square kilometers, including the Taninim, Ada, Barkan, Alona and Mishmarot streams. Nahal Taninim is the cleanest of Israel's coastal rivers. Three waterways meet in Nahal Taninim: the natural stream, a Roman aqueduct extending from the Zabrin springs to Caesarea, and Mifale Menashe, the waterworks that collect surface runoff water and springwater, routing it into the subterranean water table.
Flora and faunaEdit
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