Nagy-Küküllő County

Nagy-Küküllő (Romanian: Comitatul Târnava-Mare) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania (central Transylvania). Nagy-Küküllő is the Hungarian name for the river Târnava Mare. The capital of the county was Segesvár (present-day Sighișoara).

Nagy-Küküllő County
Comitatus Cuculiensis Maior  (Latin)
Nagy-Küküllő vármegye  (Hungarian)
Komitat Groß-Kokelburg  (German)
Comitatul Târnava-Mare  (Romanian)
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1876–1920
Coat of arms of Nagy-Küküllő
Coat of arms
Nagy-kukullo.png
CapitalSegesvár
Area
 • Coordinates46°13′N 24°48′E / 46.217°N 24.800°E / 46.217; 24.800Coordinates: 46°13′N 24°48′E / 46.217°N 24.800°E / 46.217; 24.800
 
• 1910
3,337 km2 (1,288 sq mi)
Population 
• 1910
148800
History
History 
• Established
1876
4 June 1920
Today part ofRomania
Sighișoara is the current name of the capital.

GeographyEdit

 
Map of Nagy-Kukullo County, 1891.

Nagy-Küküllő County shared borders with the Hungarian counties Alsó-Fehér, Kis-Küküllő, Udvarhely, Háromszék, Brassó, Fogaras, and Szeben. The river Târnava Mare formed part of its northern border and the river Olt part of its southern border. Its area was 3,337 km2 (1,288 sq mi) around 1910.

HistoryEdit

Nagy-Küküllő County came into existence in 1876, when the administrative structure of Transylvania was changed and Küküllő County was split. In 1920, by the Treaty of Trianon, the county became part of Romania. Its territory lies in the present Romanian counties Sibiu (the west), Brașov (the south-east), and Mureș (around Sighișoara).

DemographicsEdit

 
Ethnic map of the county with data of the 1910 census (see the key in the description)
Population by mother tongue[a]
Census Total German Romanian Hungarian Other or unknown
1880[1] 132,454 57,398 (44.77%) 51,632 (40.27%) 12,026 (9.38%) 7,155 (5.58%)
1890[2] 135,312 59,575 (44.03%) 53,644 (39.64%) 14,148 (10.46%) 7,945 (5.87%)
1900[3] 145,138 61,769 (42.56%) 61,779 (42.57%) 17,139 (11.81%) 4,451 (3.07%)
1910[4] 148,826 62,224 (41.81%) 60,381 (40.57%) 18,474 (12.41%) 7,747 (5.21%)
Population by religion[b]
Census Total Lutheran Eastern Orthodox Greek Catholic Calvinist Roman Catholic Unitarian Other or unknown
1880 132,454 58,920 (44.48%) 45,853 (34.62%) 14,909 (11.26%) 5,999 (4.53%) 3,800 (2.87%) 2,219 (1.68%) 754 (0.57%)
1890 135,312 59,501 (43.97%) 46,209 (34.15%) 15,582 (11.52%) 6,796 (5.02%) 3,856 (2.85%) 2,546 (1.88%) 822 (0.61%)
1900 145,138 61,777 (42.56%) 50,350 (34.69%) 16,259 (11.20%) 7,651 (5.27%) 5,105 (3.52%) 2,889 (1.99%) 1,107 (0.76%)
1910 148,826 62,370 (41.91%) 51,705 (34.74%) 17,062 (11.46%) 8,320 (5.59%) 5,042 (3.39%) 3,222 (2.16%) 1,105 (0.74%)

SubdivisionsEdit

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Nagy-Küküllő County were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
  Kőhalom Kőhalom (now Rupea)
  Medgyes Medgyes (now Mediaș)
  Nagysink Nagysink (now Cincu)
  Segesvár Segesvár (now Sighișoara)
  Szentágota Szentágota (now Agnita)
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Medgyes (now Mediaș)
Segesvár (now Sighișoara)

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Only linguistic communities > 1% are displayed.
  2. ^ Only religious communities > 1% are displayed.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Az 1881. év elején végrehajtott népszámlálás főbb eredményei megyék és községek szerint rendezve, II. kötet (1882)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  2. ^ "A Magyar Korona országainak helységnévtára (1892)". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  3. ^ "A MAGYAR KORONA ORSZÁGAINAK 1900". library.hungaricana.hu. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 29 September 2021.