Naemul of Silla

Naemul of Silla (died 402) (r. 356–402) was the 17th ruler of the Korean kingdom of Silla. He was the nephew of King Michu. He married Michu's daughter, Lady Boban. He is given the title Isageum, the same one borne by earlier rulers, in the Samguk Sagi; he is given the title Maripgan, borne by later rulers, in the Samguk Yusa. He is the first to bear the title Maripgan in any record.

Naemul of Silla
RoyalTombKingNaemul061224.jpg
Tomb of King Namul in the Gyerim forest, Gyo-dong, Gyeongju, South Korea.[1]
Korean name
Hangul
내물 이사금 or 내물 마립간
Hanja
奈勿尼師今 or 奈勿麻立干
Revised RomanizationNaemul Isageum or Naemul Maripgan
McCune–ReischauerNaemul Isagŭm or Naemul Maripkan

He is also the first king to appear by name in Chinese records. It appears that there was a great influx of Chinese culture into Silla in his period, and that the widespread use of Chinese characters began in his time. Naemul sent a tribute mission to the king of Early Jin in 381. This envoy visited Early Jin with the help of Goguryeo. In this tribute, Goguryeo represents Silla as a subordinate to Goguryeo. However, Silla acknowledges this because Goguryeo is needed to guard against Gaya-Japan Alliance.

Naemul's later reign was troubled by recurrent invasions by Wa Japan and the northern Malgal tribes. This began with a massive Japanese incursion in 364, which was repulsed with great loss of life.

  • In 392, Silla formed an alliance with Goguryeo and became the vassal of Goguryeo.
  • In 393, Japan besieged the capital.
  • In 394, Silla achieved victory at Doksan (presumed present-day northern Pohang).
  • In 395, the Japanese army achieved victory after realizing that the left side of the Silla army was unguarded and attacked intensively until the Silla army was destroyed.[2]
  • 400-401, Imna-Japan Allied Forces Attacked Silla and war between Goguryeo-Silla Alliance and Imna-Japan Allied Forces. See also Gwanggaeto Stele.

His reign overlaps with Geunchogo of Baekje and Gwanggaeto the Great.

FamilyEdit

  • Grandfather: Kim Gudo Galmunwang (구도 갈문왕)
  • Father: Kim Mal-gu (김말구), half–brother of King Michu.
  • Mother: Queen Hyulye ( 휴례부인 김씨), of the Kim clan
  • Spouse:
    • Queen Boban (보반부인 김씨) of the Kim clan, eldest daughter of King Michu
      • Son: Nulji of Silla (reigned 417–458) – the 17th King of Silla
      • Son: Kim Bokho (김복호)
      • Son: Kim Misaheun (미사흔)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (in Korean) 신라내물왕릉 新羅奈勿王陵 Archived 2011-06-10 at the Wayback Machine Nate / Encyclopedia of Korean Culture
  2. ^ 日本書紀(Nihon Shoki) 仁德天皇(Emperor Nintoku) 53year (AD 365) > 夏五月, 遣上毛野君祖竹葉瀨, 令問其闕貢. 是道路之間獲白鹿. 乃還之獻于天皇. 更改日而行. 俄且重遣竹葉瀨之弟田道. 則詔之曰, 若新羅距者, 擧兵擊之. 仍授精兵. 新羅起兵而距之. 爰新羅人, 日日挑戰. 田道固塞而不出. 時新羅軍卒一人, 有放于營外. 則掠俘之. 因問消息. 對曰, 有强力者. 曰百衝. 輕捷猛幹. 每爲軍右前鋒. 故伺之擊左則敗也. 時新羅空左備右. 於是, 田道連精騎擊其左. 新羅軍潰之. 因縱兵乘之, 殺數百人. 卽虜四邑之人民以歸焉.
Naemul of Silla
 Died: 402
Regnal titles
Preceded by Ruler of Silla
356–402
Succeeded by