Nadezhda Fyodorovna Olizarenko (Russian: Надежда Фёдоровна Олизаренко, Ukrainian: Надія Федорівна Олізаренко; née Mushta; 28 November 1953 – 18 February 2017) was a Soviet middle-distance runner. At the 1980 Olympics she won the 800 m event, setting a world record at 1:53.43, and finished third in the 1500 m. Her 800 m world record was improved in 1983, but still remains the second-best time over that distance. Other than world record holder Jarmila Kratochvílová in 1983, only two athletes, Pamela Jelimo of Kenya, in 2008, and Caster Semenya of South Africa, in 2018, have come within a second of Olizarenko's mark since it was set.
Olizarenko leading the 1980 Olympic 800 m final
|Born||28 November 1953|
Bryansk, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Died||18 February 2017 (aged 63)|
|Height||165 cm (5 ft 5 in)|
|Weight||57 kg (126 lb)|
|Event(s)||800 m, 1500 m|
|Club||Army Club Odessa|
|Coached by||Boris Gnoyev|
|Achievements and titles|
|Personal best(s)||800 m – 1:53.43 (1980)|
1500 m – 3:56.8 (1980)
Olizarenko took up athletics in 1967, together with her sister Natasha, who later became athletics coach. Next year she won the 400 m event at the Soviet Junior Championships, and became a member of the Soviet junior athletics team. She was included into the Soviet senior team in 1977, and debuted internationally as a senior at the 1978 European Championships, where she won silver medals in the 800 and 4×400 m relay. Next year she won the 800 m event at the Universiade and placed second at the World Cup. Shortly before the 1980 Olympics, she set her first 800 m world record, running 1:54.85 in Moscow. She improved it in the Olympic final.
Olizarenko returned to athletics aiming for the 1984 Games, but those were boycotted by the Soviet Union, and she competed at the Friendship Games instead, placing third over 800 m. In the next two years she won the 1986 European title, placed second at the 1985 European Indoors and European Cup, and third at the 1985 World Cup. At the 1988 Olympics she was eliminated in the semi-finals. She retired from competitions in 1992 and later worked as an athletics coach and administrator in Odessa, Ukraine.
- "В Одессе умерла олимпийская чемпионка Надежда Олизаренко". sport.segodnya.ua (in Russian). 19 February 2017. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- Nizov, Evgeny. Надежда Олизаренко: победу на Московской Олимпиаде считаю самой важной в карьере! reporter.com.ua (interview in Russian)
- Nadiya Olizarenko. sports-reference.com
- Nadezhda Olizarenko (née Mushta). trackfield.brinkster.net
- "Senior outdoor 800 metres women » All time best". iaaf.org. Retrieved 23 April 2016.
- В Одессе умерла олимпийская чемпионка Надежда Олизаренко. segodnya.ua (19 february 2017)
| Women's 800 metres World Record Holder
1980-06-12 – 1983-07-26
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