(Redirected from Nadeem Shravan)

Nadeem–Shravan are Indian music directors duo in the Bollywood film industry of India. They derive their name from the first names of Nadeem Akhtar Saifi (born 6 August 1954) and Shravan Kumar Rathod (13 November 1954 – 22 April 2021).[1][2]

Nadeem Saifi
Shravan Rathod
(a.k.a. Nadeem-Shravan)
Background information
GenresSoundtrack, Bollywood, filmi, filmi-ghazal, ghazal, romantic, Indian classical, Hindustani classical music
OccupationsMusic directors, composer, music producers, singers, instrumentalists
Years active1977–2005, 2009, 2016-present

Nadeem–Shravan were the most successful Bollywood music directors of the 1990s until the early 2000s.[3] They displayed a strong influence of Hindustani (classical / semi-classical) music in their compositions, and were the only composers during the 1990s and 2000s who relied heavily on three particular instruments: the bansuri, the sitar and the shehnai in almost all of their songs. By using these instruments in a modern way without disconnecting them from their original value, their contribution is unique compared to some rising music directors evolving a new music style beginning in the mid-1990s. They are considered one of the most successful and greatest music composers in Hindi cinema history.

Their breakthrough soundtrack album was Aashiqui (1990), which sold 20 million units in India,[4] and became the best-selling Bollywood soundtrack album of all time.[5] Nadeem–Shravan were also behind many of the other best-selling Bollywood soundtrack albums of the 1990s.[5] Their success helped establish the music label T-Series.[6] The duo's career temporarily came to a halt with the murder of T-Series founder Gulshan Kumar by Mumbai underworld syndicate D-Company, with Nadeem Akhtar Saifi initially accused of involvement, before later being exonerated. The duo eventually made a comeback in the 2000s.

Nadeem–Shravan composed soundtracks for many Hindi films, including Aashiqui (1990), Saajan (1991), Phool Aur Kaante (1991), Sadak (1991), Dil Hai Ke Manta Nahin (1991), Deewana (1992), Sapne Saajan Ke (1992), Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke (1993), Rang (1993), Dilwale (1994), Aatish: Feel the Fire (1994), Salaami (1994), Raja (1995), Barsaat (1995), Agni Sakshi (1996), Jeet (1996), Raja Hindustani (1996), Saajan Chale Sasural (1996), Pardes (1997), Judaai (1997), Mohabbat (1997), Maharaja (1998), Sirf Tum (1999), Dhadkan (2000), Kasoor (2001), Ek Rishtaa (2001), Yeh Dil Aashiqanaa (2002), Raaz (2002), Dil Hai Tumhaara (2002), Haan Maine Bhi Pyaar Kiya (2002), Dil Ka Rishta (2003), Andaaz (2003), Qayamat (2003), Tumsa Nahi Dekha (2004) and Bewafaa (2005), Barsaat (2005), Dosti (2005) among others.

Their most commonly featured and favorite singers include "Trio" Kumar Sanu, Alka Yagnik, Udit Narayan but other Hindi playback singers like Anuradha Paudwal, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Sonu Nigam, Sadhana Sargam, Poornima, Jaspinder Narula, K. S. Chithra, S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Hariharan, Suresh Wadkar, Pankaj Udhas, Mohammed Aziz, Sudesh Bhosle, Shailendra Singh, Shabbir Kumar, Nitin Mukesh, Roop Kumar Rathod, Vinod Rathod, Abhijeet, Shaan, KK, Gurdas Maan, Shankar Mahadevan, Babul Supriyo, Manhar Udhas, Bali Brahmbhatt, Jolly Mukherjee, Sapna Mukherjee, Alisha Chinoy, Anwar, Vijay Benedict, Sunanda, Sapna Awasthi, Sarika Kapoor and many others have sung under their baton. Veteran singer Mohammed Rafi also sang for them in their film Dangal and Kishore Kumar in the film Ilaaka. Singers Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle also sang in few albums for the duo.

Music career edit

Shravan Kumar Rathod, one half of the Nadeem–Shravan duo, in 2012.

The association of Nadeem Akhtar Saifi and Shravan dates back to 1973 when they met each other at a function. Their first film assignment was Dangal, a Bhojpuri movie in 1973 (released in 1977) which featured the popular Bhojpuri song "Kashi hile, Patna hile" sung by Manna Dey.[7] Their first Hindi movie assignment was Maine Jeena Seekh Liya in 1981 sung by Amit Kumar. In 1985, the duo composed music for a commercial project called Star Ten. Ten Hindi actors (Mithun, Jackie Shroff, Anil Kapoor, Sachin, Danny, Vijendra, Sulakshana Pandit, etc.) sang some songs with lyrics by Anwar Saagar.[8] All the while, they struggled to get work and rarely did they get to compose the music for a full film. They suddenly found work, and in 1989, two big movies were released: Ilaaka, Hisaab Khoon Ka. All of these films flopped at the box office and the music was rejected by audiences and critics alike.

Early success edit

Their breakthrough film, Aashiqui (1990), which brought them into the limelight, was gifted to them by none other than Gulshan Kumar. Aashiqui has been rated the 4th best soundtrack ever by Planet Bollywood on their "100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks".[9] The soundtrack album sold 20 million units,[4] making it the best-selling Bollywood soundtrack album of all time.[5]

Nadeem Akhtar Saifi, other half of the Nadeem–Shravan duo, in 1996

Their success continued with Saajan, Dil Hai Ki Manta Nahin, Sadak, Sainik, Raja, Dilwale, Raja Hindustani and Phool Aur Kaante. Whether it was "Chehra Kya Dekhte Ho" (Salaami), "Adayein Bhi Hain" (Dil Hai Ke Manta Nahin) "Sochenge Tumhe Pyar" (Deewana), "Tujhe Na Dekhu Toh Chain" (Rang), they all had the distinct stamp of Nadeem–Shravan.[citation needed]

Most of their compositions fall under the filmi-ghazal genre, as they were greatly inspired by ghazal music,[10] and Classical music.[11]

When Pardes soundtrack was released, the tracks had different varieties of songs; songs ("I Love My India" and "Meri Mehbooba"), love songs ("Do Dil Mil Rahe Hain") and qawwali ("Nahin Hona Tha)" pop ("My first day in America"), pain ("Ye Dil Deewana"). Planet Bollywood started the review by saying, "The music for Pardes is Nadeem-Shravan's best ever."[12]

They have worked with lyricists like Sameer, Anand Bakshi, Faaiz Anwar, Hasrat Jaipuri, Rani Malik and many others. When they arrived on the music scene, Laxmikant–Pyarelal and Anand–Milind were at the top. But subsequently their hard work paid off and they had various hits in a row.[8]

Their songs often contain Jhankaar, Conga, Bongos, Electronic drum fusion beats. They have insisted on sticking to lyricist Sameer and male singers Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan and female singer Alka Yagnik for most of their compositions.[citation needed]

Other soundtracks by them include Saajan (16), Sadak (51), Raja Hindustani (56), Dhadkan (73), Deewana (79).[citation needed]

Gulshan Kumar murder case edit

Gulshan Kumar, the owner of T-Series, was shot dead outside the Jeeteshwar Mahadev Mandir, a Hindu mandir dedicated to Lord Shiva of which he attended daily in Jeet Nagar, Andheri West suburb of Mumbai, on 12 August 1997. Mumbai underworld organization D-Company was involved with the murder.[13] The police also accused Nadeem Saifi of having paid for the murder due to a personal dispute and fled the country after the murder. According to the police, Nadeem hatched the conspiracy in Dubai in May with Anees Ibrahim Kaskar, the brother of fugitive gangster Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar and Dawood's associates Abu Salem and Kayyum. Crime branch sources said Nadeem has been out of Bombay since Gulshan Kumar died. During the interrogation of the arrested gangsters, the police reportedly learned that Nadeem had organized a "secret" music function in June for Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar in Dubai. Many well-known Bollywood personalities, the police claim, were present.[14]

After the police's allegations against him, Nadeem Saifi had fled to the United Kingdom. In 2001, the case was taken to the London High Court, which rejected the Indian government's request for extradition on the grounds that there was no prima facie case against Saifi. In August 2001, the prosecution's main witness, Mohammed Ali Hussain Shaikh, who had earlier claimed Saifi participated in the murder, eventually revealed that he didn't know Saifi and had never seen him.[15] Abu Salem also denied Nadeem's involvement on Indian national television. Saifi was also exonerated by four courts, including the House of Lords in the United Kingdom and the sessions court in Mumbai. Saifi eventually acquired British citizenship, and later moved to Dubai, where he runs a successful perfumery business.[16]

Later years edit

After being inactive for sometime, Nadeem–Shravan made a comeback of sorts with Dhadkan, Ek Rishta, Kasoor, Hum Ho Gaye Aapke, Yeh Dil Aashiqana, Raaz, Dil Hai Tumhaara, Haan Maine Bhi Pyaar Kiya, Qayamat, Hungama, Andaaz, Dil Ka Rishta, Bewafaa, Tumsa Nahin Dekha: A Love Story, Barsaat, Dosti and Do Knot Disturb.[citation needed]

Nadeem remained in the UK and despite the distance between England and India, he and Shravan continued to make music together. But they later split after Dosti: Friends Forever.[17]

Split edit

In 2005, the duo split, but came back for Do Knot Disturb, which was their last movie together.[citation needed] Nadeem started his own perfume and bag company and was also involved in solo compositions. Shravan was uninterested in continuing with his music and instead focused on the music careers of his sons (Sanjeev–Darshan) and movie production. Another reason cited is probably the growing distance between the two. In an interview, Nadeem stated that there wasn't any conflict between him and Shravan. In late 2013 it was announced that the duo would work together again on the sequel of Deewana but they later split due to personal conflicts again as a result of which Nadeem decided to return as a solo composer for Ishq Forever in 2015 but it did not become a hit because the quality of Udit Narayan, Kumar Sanu and Alka Yagnik was missing from his tunes.[citation needed]

Comeback of Nadeem Saifi edit

In 2016, Nadeem Saifi-Akhtar made his comeback with lyricist Sameer in the film Ishq Forever. He had split with his partner Shravan and worked on the film as a solo composer. The film features ten songs. In the year 2017 he continued his musical career in the film Ek Haseena Thi Ek Deewana Tha as a solo composer and film is produced and directed by Suneel Darshan.[citation needed]

Death of Shravan edit

On 22 April 2021, Shravan died of COVID-19 after being hospitalized days before in critical condition, in Hinduja Hospital.[18] His son and wife were admitted to another medical facility in the city.[19][20]

Awards edit

Nadeem–Shravan have won several awards during their music career.

Nominations edit

Filmography edit

S.No Film Year Notes
1 Dangal 1977 Bhojpuri film
2 Anmol Sitaare 1982
3 Naya Safar
4 Maine Jeena Seekh Liya
5 Apradhi Kaun?
6 Zakhmee Insaan
7 Cheekh 1985
8 Vikram Betaal 1986
9 Qatil Aur Ashiq
10 Khooni Mahal 1987
11 Zulm Ko Jala Doonga 1988
12 Ilaaka 1989
13 Hisaab Khoon Ka
14 Lashkar
15 Baap Numbri Beta Dus Numbri 1990
16 Solah Satra
17 Mere Humdam
18 Aashiqui Winner, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
19 Apmaan Ki Aag
20 Laal Paree 1991
21 Jigarwala
22 Jaan Ki Kasam
23 Dil Hai Ke Manta Nahin
24 Saajan Winner, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
25 Saathi
26 Phool Aur Kaante Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
27 Pyaar Ka Saaya
28 Sadak
29 Dil Ka Kya Kasoor 1992
30 Panaah
31 Jaan Tere Naam
32 Deewana Winner, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
33 Paayal
34 Sapne Sajan Ke
35 Bekhudi
36 Kal Ki Awaz
37 Junoon
38 Dilwale Kabhi Na Hare
39 Anaam
40 Balmaa 1993
41 Divya Shakti
42 Shreemaan Aashique
43 Damini
44 Sangraam
45 Krishan Avtaar
46 Waqt Hamara Hai
47 Rang
48 Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
49 Dhartiputra
50 Aadmi Khilona Hai
51 Sainik
52 Dil Tera Aashiq
53 Kaise Kaise Rishte
54 Tadipaar
55 Pyar Pyar
56 Dilwale 1994
57 Salaami
58 Saajan Ka Ghar
59 Aatish
60 Ekka Raja Rani
61 Kranti Kshetra
62 Stuntman
63 Chhoti Bahoo
64 Andolan 1995
65 Anokha Andaaz
66 Raja Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
67 Gaddaar
68 Saajan Ki Baahon Mein
69 Zamaana Deewana
70 Barsaat
71 Majhdhaar 1996
72 Agni Sakshi
73 Saajan Chale Sasural
74 Jung
75 Himmatvar
76 Jeet
77 Raja Hindustani Winner, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
Winner, Star Screen Award for Best Music Director
78 Judaai 1997
79 Jeevan Yudh
80 Pardes Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
Winner, Star Screen Award for Best Music Director
81 Mohabbat
82 Naseeb
83 Saat Rang Ke Sapne 1998
84 Maharaja
85 Aa Ab Laut Chalen 1999
86 Sirf Tum
87 Dhadkan 2000 Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
88 Kasoor 2001
89 Ek Rishta
90 Hum Ho Gaye Aapke
91 Yeh Dil Aashiqanaa 2002
92 Raaz Nominated, Filmfare Award for Best Music Director
Winner, Zee Cine Award for Best Music Director
93 Haan Maine Bhi Pyaar Kiya
94 Ansh
95 Tumse Achcha Kaun Hai
96 Hum Tumhare Hain Sanam
97 Dil Hai Tumhaara
98 Jeena Sirf Merre Liye
99 Dil Ka Rishta 2003
100 Indian Babu
101 Yeh Dil
102 Andaaz
103 Qayamat
104 Hungama
105 Footpath
106 Raja Bhaiya
107 Sheen 2004
108 Tumsa Nahin Dekha
109 Hatya
110 Bewafaa 2005
111 Barsaat
112 Dosti Last film before official split
113 Mere Jeevan Saathi 2006
114 Gumnaam 2008
115 Sanam Teri Kasam 2009 Previously released as Sambandh (1996)
116 Do Knot Disturb Comeback after their split in 2006
117 Ishq Forever 2016 Nadeem Saifi as a Solo Music Director
118 Ek Haseena Thi Ek Deewana Tha 2017 Nadeem Saifi as a Solo Music Director

Music albums edit

S.No Year Albums Song(s) Singer(s) Lyricist(s)
1 1985 Star Ten Bar Bar Telephone Anil Kapoor, Vijayta Pandit Anwar Sagar
Kashmir Se Kaniya Kumari Jackie Shroff
Yunh Dhoop Mein Danny Denzongpa, Kalpana Iyer
Kal Bas Ke Intizar Shailendra Singh
Aaj Ki Raat Na Ghar Vijayendra Ghatge, Kaajal Kiran
Disco Ki Bimari Ayee Sachin, Chorus
Angoori Paani Chhad Gaya Mithun Chakraborty
2 1991 Aap Ki Yaadein Vol 1 Aap Se Achhi Aap Ki Yaaden Hain Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal, Debashish Das Gupta Faaiz Anwar
Chahe Duniya, Chahe Toofan, Chahe Qayamat Aa Jaye Anuradha Paudwal, Mohammed Aziz
Jo Pyar Kar Gaye Kumar Sanu
Pal Din Mahine Kai Saal Ho Gaye Anuradha Paudwal, Mohammed Aziz
3 1992 Rahbar Waadiye Ishq Se Alka Yagnik Sayeed Rahi
Chain Payega Kahan Madan Pal
Yeh Koi Baat Nahin Hai Sayeed Rahi
Apni Soorat Pe Hasrat Jaipuri
Kiske Shaanon Pe Sayeed Rahi
Dil Ka Bhola Hai Alka Yagnik, Raj Kumar
Tujhko Ghazal Kahoon Raj Kumar Anwar Sagar
Dekhkar Jinko
Mera Khat Milte Hi Madan Pal
Aap Jitni Berukhi Se Maya Govind
Abhi Bhi Waqt Hai Anwar Sagar
4 1994 Sayesha Jab Koi Pyar Se Bulayega Nadeem Saifi, Alka Yagnik Sameer
Khuda Aap Ko Nazar Nadeem Saifi/Sameer
Pyar Hua Hai Abhi Sameer
Dekha Tujhe To
Itna Bhi Na Chaho Nadeem Saifi
Sayesha Sayesha
Sunder Haath
Sayesha Sayesha Nadeem Shravan Sameer
5 1995 Teri Mohabbat Mein Ae Sanam Tum Hi Kumar Sanu Nafees Alam
Bhula Chuka Hoon Zamana
Dil De Chuke Hain
Raatein Hain Iqrar Ki
Teri Judaai Mein
Tum Jab Bhi Khat
Yeh Baharein Yeh Nazarein
Padh Kar Tumhara Khat Sadhana Sargam
6 1995 Nadeem Sings All Time Hits – Dance Remix O Mere Dil Ke Chain Nadeem Saifi, Priya Bhattacharya Majrooh Sultanpuri
Dum Dum Diga Diga Qamar Jalalabadi
Honthon Pe Sachchai Rahti Hai Shailendra
Chura Liya Hai Tumne Majrooh Sultanpuri
Dheere Dheere Se Rani Malik
Mera Dil Tere Liye Sameer
Jaane Jigar Jaaneman
Nazar Ke Saamne
7 1996 Sajni Woh Jab Aaina Dekhte Honge Suchandra Sameer
Tum Jab Aaina Dekhti Hogi Vinod Rathod
Tujhko Main Tujhse Churaunga
Paas Reh Kar Bhi Koi Paas Na Ho Kavita Krishnamurthy
O Jaane Jaan Sunidhi Chauhan
Dil Mein Tum Dhadkan Kumar Sanu, Suchandra
Chupke Se Wahin Milte Hain Suchandra, Udit Narayan
Baja Bajega To Suchandra
Ek Chehra Hai Jise Pyar
Aye Dil Ye Baten Sonu Nigam, Suchandra
8 1997 Hi ! Ajnabi Hi ! Ajnabi Nadeem Saif Sameer
Hothon Mein Tupatte Ko Daba Lete
Tumse Mila Tha College Mein
Banalo Usko Tum Apna
Pyar Bhi Ho Jayega
Mujhse Mera Naam To Poochho
Tum Se Mili Thi College Mein Alka Yagnik
Nazar Milake Baat Karo Nadeem Saifi, Sadhana Sargam
Meri Tamanna Hai Main Amitabh Nadeem Saifi, Alka Yagnik
9 2012 Rang Ye Meri Dua Mein Asar Aaye Abhijeet Bhattacharya Sameer
Aaye Ho Abhi Abhijeet Bhattacharya, Sarika Kapoor
Ye To Mumkin Hi Nahin Babul Supriyo
Khuda Ki Kasam Udit Narayan, Shreya Ghoshal
Hum The Tum The Sonu Nigam
Hawa Ne Ye Paigham Alka Yagnik
Ishq Na Mange Sonu Nigam, Jaspinder Narula

Single(s) edit

Jahan Base Dil (2022)

Mai Aap Ke Seene Mein (2023) - Originally recorded in 1993

Impact on record sales edit

In total span of 16 years only 3 years (1998, 1999, 2004) are such which don't have Nadeem–Shravan album in top 3. The yearly analysis is as follows:

Year Rank (in terms of sales in India)
1990 1 – Aashiqui
1991 1 – Saajan 2 – Phool Aur Kaante 3 – Sadak
1992 1 – Deewana
1993 3 – Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke
1994 2 – Dilwale
1995 2 – Raja
1996 1 – Raja Hindustani 3 – Agnisakshi
1997 2 – Pardes
2000 2 – Dhadkan
2001 3 – Kasoor
2002 2 – Raaz
2003 2 – Andaaz
2005 2 – Bewafaa

Soundtrack album sales edit

The following table lists the sales of Nadeem–Shravan's top-selling Bollywood music soundtrack albums in India.

Film soundtrack Year Sales Annual rank Source(s)
Aashiqui 1990 20,000,000 1 [4]
Raja Hindustani 1996 11,000,000 1 [5]
Saajan 1991 7,000,000 1 [21]
Phool Aur Kaante 1991 6,000,000 2 [5]
Pardes 1997 6,000,000 2
Dilwale 1993 5,500,000 1
Sadak 1991 5,000,000 3
Deewana 1992 4,500,000 1
Dhadkan 2000 4,500,000 2 [22]
Raja 1995 3,500,000 2 [5]
Barsaat 1995 3,000,000 4
Raaz 2001 3,000,000 2 [22]
Agni Sakshi 1996 2,800,000 3 [5]
Aatish 1994 2,500,000 10
Saajan Chale Sasural 1996 2,500,000 5
Bewafaa 2004 2,500,000 2 [22]
Andaaz 2003 2,500,000 2
Jeet 1996 2,500,000 4 [5]
Dil Hai Ke Manta Nahin 1991 2,500,000 5
Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke 1993 2,500,000 5
Salaami 1993 2,200,000 10
Sirf Tum 1999 2,200,000 9
Qayamat: City Under Threat 2003 2,100,000 5 [22]
Sapne Sajan Ke 1992 2,000,000 8 [5]
Rang 1993 2,000,000 13
Judaai 1996 2,000,000 10
Mohabbat 1997 2,000,000 11
Hum Tumhare Hain Sanam 2002 2,000,000 5
Ek Rishtaa 2001 1,800,000 10
Haan Maine Bhi Pyaar Kiya 2001 1,800,000 11 [22]
Yeh Dil Aashiqanaa 2001 1,600,000 12
Dil Hai Tumhaara 2002 1,500,000 6
Barsaat 2005 1,500,000 9
Dil Ka Rishta 2003 1,400,000 8 [22]
Dosti: Friends Forever 2005 1,400,000 11
Known album sales 126,800,000

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Music composer Shravan Rathod, of Nadeem-Shravan duo, passes away due to Covid at 66". The Economic Times. 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  2. ^ "Music Composer Shravan Rathod Dies Of Covid-19". Gulte. 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  3. ^ Kumar, P. k Ajith (23 April 2021). "Nadeem-Shravan made 1990s Bollywood melodious". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
  4. ^ a b c "Bollywood hinges on Hindi film music industry, fans soak up wacky new sounds". India Today. 31 October 1994.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Music Hits 1990–1999 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India. 2 January 2010. Archived from the original on 2 January 2010.
  6. ^ Nihalani, Govind; Chatterjee, Saibal (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. p. 44. ISBN 9788179910665.
  7. ^ Ultra Regional, Kashi Hile Patna Hile, Manna Dey, Dangal – Bhojpuri Romantic Song, retrieved 2 January 2019[dead YouTube link]
  8. ^ a b "Nadeem-Shravan to Bollywood". microcan.
  9. ^ "Best soundtrack of the 90s". Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  10. ^ "India Today". India Today. 1994. p. 342. In 1990, the super-success of Nadeem–Shravan's Aashiqui ushered in the era of ghazal-type romantic music as in Saajan, Dil, Phool aur Kaante, Deewana.
  11. ^ Chandra, Anupama; Shetty, Kavitha (11 November 1993). "Hitting the Right Notes" (PDF). India Today.
  12. ^ "Nadeem-Shravan's best soundtrack ever". Planet Bollywood. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  13. ^ "The Mafia Calls The Shots". Outlook. 25 August 1997.
  14. ^ "Rediff on the NeT: Music director Nadeem accused of killing Gulshan Kumar". Retrieved 3 April 2019.
  15. ^ "Gulshan murder: Approver denies knowing anything about the case". 8 August 2001.
  16. ^ Farooqui, Mazhar (11 May 2016). "Exclusive: 'I request Narendra Modi to help me get justice'". Gulf News.
  17. ^ "Dosti-last movie as duo". Hindi Lyrics. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
  18. ^ "Nadeem-Shravan Fame Shravan Rathod Tests COVID-19 Positive; Condition Critical". 19 April 2021.
  19. ^ Music Composer Shravan Rathod Dies Of Covid-19
  20. ^ "Bollywood composer Shravan Rathod dies of Covid aged 66". BBC News. 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  21. ^ "Bringing melody back, Nadeem-Shravan churn out hit after hit". India Today. 15 April 1992.
  22. ^ a b c d e f "Music Hits 2000–2009 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India. 5 February 2010. Archived from the original on 5 February 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)

External links edit