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Nadeem–Shravan were a prolific Indian music directors duo in the Bollywood film industry of India. The duo derives its name from the first names of the two principal composers, Nadeem Akhtar Saifi (born 6 August 1954) and Shravan Kumar Rathod (13 November 1954 – 22 April 2021).
|Genres||Soundtrack, Bollywood, filmi, filmi-ghazal, ghazal, romantic|
|Occupation(s)||Music directors, composer, music producers, singers, instrumentalists|
Nadeem–Shravan were the most successful Bollywood music directors of the 1990s until the early 2000s. They displayed a strong influence of Hindustani (classical / semi-classical) music in their compositions, and were the only composers during the 1990s and 2000s who relied heavily on three particular instruments: the bansuri, the sitar and the shehnai in almost all of their songs. By using these instruments in a modern way without disconnecting them from their original value, their contribution is unique compared to some rising music directors evolving a new music style beginning in the mid-1990s. They are considered one of the most successful music composers in Hindi cinema history.
Their breakthrough soundtrack album was Aashiqui (1990), which sold 20 million units in India, and became the best-selling Bollywood soundtrack album of all time. Nadeem–Shravan were also behind many of the other best-selling Bollywood soundtrack albums of the 1990s. Their success helped establish the music label T-Series. The duo's career temporarily came to a halt with the murder of T-Series founder Gulshan Kumar by Mumbai underworld syndicate D-Company, with Nadeem Akhtar Saifi initially accused of involvement, before later being exonerated. The duo eventually made a comeback in the 2000s.
Nadeem–Shravan composed soundtracks for many Hindi films, including Aashiqui (1990), Saajan (1991), Phool Aur Kaante (1991), Sadak (1991), Deewana (1992), Dil Hai Ke Manta Nahin (1992), Dil Ka Kya Kasoor (1992), Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke (1993), Rang (1993), Dilwale (1994), Raja (1995), Barsaat (1995), Agni Sakshi (1996), Jeet (1996), Raja Hindustani (1996), Pardes (1997), Sirf Tum (1999), Dhadkan (2000), Kasoor (2001), Hum Ho Gaye Aapke (2001), Raaz (2002), Dil Hai Tumhaara (2002), Dil Ka Rishta (2003), Andaaz (2003), Tumsa Nahi Dekha (2004) and Bewafaa (2005), among others.
Their most commonly featured and favorite singers include "Trimurti" Kumar Sanu, Alka Yagnik, Udit Narayan but other Hindi playback singers like Anuradha Paudwal, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Sonu Nigam Sadhana Sargam, Poornima, Jaspinder Narula, K. S. Chithra, S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Hariharan, Suresh Wadkar, Pankaj Udhas, Mohammed Aziz, Sudesh Bhosle, Shailendra Singh, Shabbir Kumar, Nitin Mukesh, Roop Kumar Rathod, Vinod Rathod, Abhijeet, Sonu Nigam, Shaan, KK, Gurdas Maan, Shankar Mahadevan, Babul Supriyo, Manhar Udhas, Bali Brahmbhatt, Jolly Mukherjee, Sapna Mukherjee, Anwar, Vipin Sachdeva and many others have sung under their baton. Veteran singer Mohammed Rafi also sang for them in their film Dangal and Kishore Kumar in the film Ilaaka. Singers Lata Mangeshkar and Asha Bhosle also sang in few albums for the duo.
The association of Nadeem Akhtar Saifi and Shravan dates back to 1973 when they met each other at a function. Their first film assignment was Dangal, a Bhojpuri movie in 1973 (released in 1977) which featured the popular Bhojpuri song "Kashi hile, Patna hile" sung by Manna Dey. Their first Hindi movie assignment was Maine Jeena Seekh Liya in 1981 sung by Amit Kumar. In 1985, the duo composed music for a commercial project called Star Ten. Ten Hindi actors (Mithun, Jackie Shroff, Anil Kapoor, Sachin, Danny, Vijendra, Sulakshana Pandit, etc.) sang some songs with lyrics by Anwar Saagar. All the while, they struggled to get work and rarely did they get to compose the music for a full film. They suddenly found work, and in 1989, two big movies were released: Ilaaka, Hisaab Khoon Ka. All of these films flopped at the box office and the music was rejected by audiences and critics alike.
Rise to fameEdit
Nevertheless, the abundance of work inspired creative influences within the duo, and they started producing hit music from here onwards. Their breakthrough film, Aashiqui (1990), which brought them into the limelight, was gifted to them by none other than Gulshan Kumar. Aashiqui has been rated the 4th best soundtrack ever by Planet Bollywood on their "100 Greatest Bollywood Soundtracks". The soundtrack album sold 20 million units, making it the best-selling Bollywood soundtrack album of all time.
Their success continued with Saajan, Dil Hai Ki Manta Nahin, Sadak, Sainik, Raja, Dilwale, Raja Hindustani and Phool Aur Kaante. Whether it was "Chehra Kya Dekhte Ho" (Salaami), "Adayein Bhi Hain" (Dil Hai Ke Manta Nahin) "Sochenge Tumhe Pyar" (Deewana), "Tujhe Na Dekhu Toh Chain" (Rang), they all had the distinct stamp of Nadeem–Shravan.
They have composed all kinds of music, be it fast-track, sentimental or dance numbers. But their forte was always melody. Most of their compositions fall under the filmi-ghazal genre, as they were greatly inspired by ghazal music, and Classical music.
When Pardes soundtrack was released, the tracks had different varieties of songs; songs ("I Love My India" and "Meri Mehbooba"), love songs ("Do Dil Mil Rahe Hain") and qawwali ("Nahin Hona Tha)" pop ("My first day in America"), pain ("Ye Dil Deewana"). Planet Bollywood started the review by saying, "The music for Pardes is Nadeem-Shravan's best ever."
They have worked with lyricists like Sameer, Anand Bakshi, Faaiz Anwar, Hasrat Jaipuri, Rani Malik and many others. When they arrived on the music scene, Laxmikant–Pyarelal and Anand–Milind were at the top. But subsequently their hard work paid off and they had various hits in a row.
Their songs often contain Jhankaar, Conga, Bongos, Electronic drum fusion beats. They have insisted on sticking to lyricist Sameer and male singers Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan and female singer Alka Yagnik for most of their compositions.
Gulshan Kumar murder caseEdit
Gulshan Kumar, the owner of T-Series, was shot dead outside the Jeeteshwar Mahadev Mandir, a Hindu mandir dedicated to Lord Shiva of which he attended daily in Jeet Nagar, Andheri West suburb of Mumbai, on 12 August 1997. Mumbai underworld organization D-Company was involved with the murder. The police also accused Nadeem Saifi of having paid for the murder due to a personal dispute and fled the country after the murder. According to the police, Nadeem hatched the conspiracy in Dubai in May with Anees Ibrahim Kaskar, the brother of fugitive gangster Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar and Dawood's associates Abu Salem and Kayyum. Crime branch sources said Nadeem has been out of Bombay since Gulshan Kumar died. During the interrogation of the arrested gangsters, the police reportedly learned that Nadeem had organized a "secret" music function in June for Dawood Ibrahim Kaskar in Dubai. Many well-known Bollywood personalities, the police claim, were present.
After the police's allegations against him, Nadeem Saifi had fled to the United Kingdom. In 2001, the case was taken to the London High Court, which rejected the Indian government's request for extradition on the grounds that there was no prima facie case against Saifi. In August 2001, the prosecution's main witness, Mohammed Ali Hussain Shaikh, who had earlier claimed Saifi participated in the murder, eventually revealed that he didn't know Saifi and had never seen him. Abu Salem also denied Nadeem's involvement on Indian national television. Saifi was also exonerated by four courts, including the House of Lords in the United Kingdom and the sessions court in Mumbai. Saifi eventually acquired British citizenship, and later moved to Dubai, where he runs a successful perfumery business.
After being inactive for sometime, Nadeem–Shravan made a comeback of sorts with films like Yeh Dil Aashiqanaa, Ek Rishta, Kasoor, Hum Ho Gaye Aapke, Raaz, Dil Hai Tumhaara, Qayamat, Hungama, Andaaz, Bewafaa, Tumsa Nahin Dekha: A Love Story, Barsaat, Dosti and Do Knot Disturb.
In 2005, the duo split. Dosti: Friends Forever was their last movie together. Nadeem started his own perfume and bag company and was also involved in solo compositions. Shravan was uninterested in continuing with his music and instead focused on the music careers of his sons (Sanjeev–Darshan) and movie production. Another reason cited is probably the growing distance between the two. In an interview, Nadeem stated that there wasn't any conflict between him and Shravan. In late 2013 it was announced that the duo would work together again on the sequel of Deewana but they later split due to personal conflicts again as a result of which Nadeem decided to return as a solo composer for Ishq Forever in 2015 but it didn't become a hit because of less promotion and also because the quality of Udit Narayan, Kumar Sanu and Alka Yagnik was missing from his tunes.
Comeback of Nadeem SaifiEdit
In 2016, Nadeem Saifi-Akhtar made his comeback with lyricist Sameer in the film Ishq Forever. He has split with his partner Shravan and worked on the film as a solo composer. The film features ten songs. In the year 2017 he continued his musical career in the film Ek Haseena Thi Ek Deewana Tha as a solo composer and film is produced and directed by Suneel Darshan.
Death of ShravanEdit
On 22 April 2021, Shravan died of COVID-19 after being hospitalized days before in critical condition, in Hinduja Hospital. His son and wife were admitted to another medical facility in the city.
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Nadeem–Shravan have won several awards during their music career.
- 1991 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Aashiqui
- 1992 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Saajan
- 1993 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Deewana
- 1996 – Special Award London (UK) For Movie Raja – Raja
- 1997 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Raja Hindustani
- 1997 – Star Screen Best Music Director Award – Raja Hindustani
- 1998 – Star Screen Best Music Director Award – Pardes
- 2003 – Zee Cine Best Music Director – Raaz
- 1992 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Phool Aur Kaante
- 1994 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke
- 1996 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Raja
- 1998 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Pardes
- 2001 – Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Dhadkan
- 2001– Star Screen Best Music Director Award – Dhadkan
- 2001– IIFA Best Music Director – Dhadkan
- 2003– Filmfare Best Music Director Award – Raaz
- 2004– Zee Cine Best Music Director – Andaaz
|1985||Star Ten||Bar Bar Telephone||Anil Kapoor, Vijayta Pandit||Anwar Sagar|
|Kashmir Se Kaniya Kumari||Jackie Shroff|
|Yunh Dhoop Mein||Danny Denzongpa, Kalpana Iyer|
|Kal Bas Ke Intizar||Shailendra Singh|
|Aaj Ki Raat Na Ghar||Vijayendra Ghatge, Kaajal Kiran|
|Disco Ki Bimari Ayee||Sachin, Chorus|
|Angoori Paani Chhad Gaya||Mithun Chakraborty|
|1991||Aap Ki Yaadein Vol 1||Aap Se Achhi Aap Ki Yaaden Hain||Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal, Debashish Das Gupta||Faaiz Anwar|
|Chahe Duniya,Chahe Toofan,Chahe Qayamat Aa Jaye||Anuradha Paudwal, Mohammed Aziz|
|Jo Pyar Kar Gaye||Kumar Sanu|
|Pal Din Mahine Kai Saal Ho Gaye||Anuradha Paudwal, Mohammed Aziz|
|1992||Rahbar||Waadiye Ishq Se||Alka Yagnik||Sayeed Rahi|
|Chain Payega Kahan||Madan Pal|
|Yeh Koi Baat Nahin Hai||Sayeed Rahi|
|Apni Soorat Pe||Hasrat Jaipuri|
|Kiske Shaanon Pe||Sayeed Rahi|
|Dil Ka Bhola Hai||Alka Yagnik, Raj Kumar|
|Tujhko Ghazal Kahoon||Raj Kumar||Anwar Sagar|
|Mera Khat Milte Hi||Madan Pal|
|Aap Jitni Berukhi Se||Maya Govind|
|Abhi Bhi Waqt Hai||Anwar Sagar|
|1994||Sayesha||Jab Koi Pyar Se Bulayega||Nadeem Saifi, Alka Yagnik||Sameer|
|Khuda Aap Ko Nazar||Nadeem Saifi/Sameer|
|Pyar Hua Hai Abhi||Sameer|
|Dekha Tujhe To|
|Itna Bhi Na Chaho||Nadeem Saifi|
|Sayesha Sayesha||Nadeem Shravan||Sameer|
|1995||Teri Mohabbat Mein||Ae Sanam Tum Hi||Kumar Sanu||Nafees Alam|
|Bhula Chuka Hoon Zamana|
|Dil De Chuke Hain|
|Raatein Hain Iqrar Ki|
|Teri Judaai Mein|
|Tum Jab Bhi Khat|
|Yeh Baharein Yeh Nazarein|
|Padh Kar Tumhara Khat||Sadhana Sargam|
|1995||Nadeem Sings All Time Hits – Dance Remix||O Mere Dil Ke Chain||Nadeem Saifi, Priya Bhattacharya||Majrooh Sultanpuri|
|Dum Dum Diga Diga||Qamar Jalalabadi|
|Honthon Pe Sachchai Rahti Hai||Shailendra|
|Chura Liya Hai Tumne||Majrooh Sultanpuri|
|Dheere Dheere Se||Rani Malik|
|Mera Dil Tere Liye||Sameer|
|Jaane Jigar Jaaneman|
|Nazar Ke Saamne|
|1996||Sajni||Woh Jab Aaina Dekhte Honge||Suchandra||Sameer|
|Tum Jab Aaina Dekhti Hogi||Vinod Rathod|
|Tujhko Main Tujhse Churaunga|
|Paas Reh Kar Bhi Koi Paas Na Ho||Kavita Krishnamurthy|
|O Jaane Jaan||Sunidhi Chauhan|
|Dil Mein Tum Dhadkan||Kumar Sanu, Suchandra|
|Chupke Se Wahin Milte Hain||Suchandra, Udit Narayan|
|Baja Bajega To||Suchandra|
|Ek Chehra Hai Jise Pyar|
|Aye Dil Ye Baten||Sonu Nigam, Suchandra|
|1997||Hi ! Ajnabi||Hi ! Ajnabi||Nadeem Saif||Sameer|
|Hothon Mein Tupatte Ko Daba Lete|
|Tumse Mila Tha College Mein|
|Banalo Usko Tum Apna|
|Pyar Bhi Ho Jayega|
|Mujhse Mera Naam To Poochho|
|Tum Se Mili Thi College Mein||Alka Yagnik|
|Nazar Milake Baat Karo||Nadeem Saifi, Sadhana Sargam|
|Meri Tamanna Hai Main Amitabh||Nadeem Saifi, Alka Yagnik|
|2012||Rang||Ye Meri Dua Mein Asar Aaye||Abhijeet Bhattacharya||Sameer|
|Aaye Ho Abhi||Abhijeet Bhattacharya, Sarika Kapoor|
|Ye To Mumkin Hi Nahin||Babul Supriyo|
|Khuda Ki Kasam||Udit Narayan, Shreya Ghoshal|
|Hum The Tum The||Sonu Nigam|
|Hawa Ne Ye Paigham||Alka Yagnik|
|Ishq Na Mange||Sonu Nigam, Jaspinder Narula|
Impact on record salesEdit
In total span of 17 years only 4 years (1998, 1999, 2004, 2006) are such which don't have Nadeem–Shravan album in top 3. The yearly analysis is as follows:
|Year||Rank (in terms of sales in India)|
|1990||1 – Aashiqui|
|1991||1 – Saajan 2 – Phool Aur Kaante 3 – Sadak|
|1992||1 – Deewana|
|1993||1 – Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke|
|1994||2 – Dilwale|
|1995||2 – Raja|
|1996||1 – Raja Hindustani 3 – Agnisakshi|
|1997||2 – Pardes|
|2000||2 – Dhadkan|
|2001||1 – Kasoor|
|2002||1 – Raaz|
|2003||2 – Andaaz|
|2005||2 – Bewafaa|
Soundtrack album salesEdit
The following table lists the sales of Nadeem–Shravan's top-selling Bollywood music soundtrack albums in India. By 1993, their soundtrack albums had earned ₹150 crore (equivalent to ₹874 crore or US$120 million in 2019) in sales.
|Film soundtrack||Year||Units sold||Annual rank||Source(s)|
|Phool Aur Kaante||1991||6,000,000||2|||
|Dil Hai Ke Manta Nahin||1991||2,500,000||5|
|Hum Hain Rahi Pyar Ke||1993||2,500,000||8|
|Qayamat: City Under Threat||2003||2,100,000||5|||
|Sapne Sajan Ke||1992||2,000,000||5|||
|Haan Maine Bhi Pyaar Kiya||2002||1,800,000||11|||
|Hum Tumhare Hain Sanam||2002||1,600,000||5|
|Yeh Dil Aashiqanaa||2002||1,600,000||12|
|Dil Hai Tumhaara||2002||1,500,000||6|
|Dil Ka Rishta||2003||1,400,000||8|||
|Known album sales||N/A||110,000,000||N/A|
- "Music composer Shravan Rathod, of Nadeem-Shravan duo, passes away due to Covid at 66". The Economic Times. 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
- "Music Composer Shravan Rathod Dies Of Covid-19". Gulte. 22 April 2021. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
- "Bollywood hinges on Hindi film music industry, fans soak up wacky new sounds". India Today. 31 October 1994.
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- Nihalani, Govind; Chatterjee, Saibal (2003). Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema. Popular Prakashan. p. 44. ISBN 9788179910665.
- Ultra Regional, Kashi Hile Patna Hile, Manna Dey, Dangal – Bhojpuri Romantic Song, retrieved 2 January 2019
- "Nadeem-Shravan to Bollywood". microcan.
- "Best soundtrack of the 90s". Archived from the original on 6 March 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- India Today. 1994. p. 342 https://books.google.com/books?id=TmkpAQAAIAAJ.
In 1990, the super-success of Nadeem–Shravan's Aashiqui ushered in the era of ghazal-type romantic music as in Saajan, Dil, Phool aur Kaante, Deewana.Missing or empty
- Chandra, Anupama; Shetty, Kavitha (11 November 1993). "Hitting the Right Notes" (PDF). India Today.
- "Nadeem-Shravan's best soundtrack ever". Planet Bollywood. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "The Mafia Calls The Shots". Outlook. 25 August 1997.
- "Rediff on the NeT: Music director Nadeem accused of killing Gulshan Kumar". Rediff.com. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
- "Gulshan murder: Approver denies knowing anything about the case". 8 August 2001.
- Farooqui, Mazhar (11 May 2016). "Exclusive: 'I request Narendra Modi to help me get justice'". Gulf News.
- "Dosti-last movie as duo". Hindi Lyrics. Retrieved 5 January 2012.
- "Nadeem-Shravan Fame Shravan Rathod Tests COVID-19 Positive; Condition Critical". 19 April 2021.
- Music Composer Shravan Rathod Dies Of Covid-19
- "Bollywood composer Shravan Rathod dies of Covid aged 66". BBC News. 23 April 2021. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
- "Top Music Sales in Bollywood – Last 60 years". NAACHGAANA. 27 May 2011. Archived from the original on 28 May 2011.
- "Bollywood music makers become national heritage of India". India Today. 30 November 1993.
- "Bringing melody back, Nadeem-Shravan churn out hit after hit". India Today. 15 April 1992.
- "Music Hits 2000–2009 (Figures in Units)". Box Office India. 5 February 2010. Archived from the original on 5 February 2010.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)