Naarden (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈnaːrdə(n)] (listen)) is a city and former municipality in the Gooi region in the province of North Holland, Netherlands. It has been part of the new municipality of Gooise Meren since 2016.
|Elevation||3 m (10 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Naarden was granted its city rights in 1300 (the only town in the Gooi with these rights) and later developed into a fortified garrison town with a textile industry.
Naarden is an example of a star fort, complete with fortified walls and a moat. The moat and walls have been restored on numerous occasions, most notably during the French era (1795-1814).[when?] After the Battle of Leipzig (1813), the Netherlands were liberated by an allied force of Dutch, Prussian and Russian armies. During this period, Naarden was besieged for months since the French commander didn't believe that Napoleon was captured. In May 1814, the French soldiers left the city in a retreat with honour (see Siege of Naarden (1813-1814).
John Amos Comenius, 17th century Moravian born Czech educator was buried in the city, and his mausoleum is open for visitors.
The city's distinctive shape made it a rallying point for Allied bombers returning to England after raids on Germany.
Naarden is the home of the Dutch Fortress Museum (Nederlands Vestingmuseum). Naarden hosts the bi-annual Naarden Photo Festival and, on Good Friday, a performance of Bach's St. Matthew Passion in the local church, which is called the Great Church or St. Vitus Church.
The Great Church (Grote Kerk) in Marktstraat dates from the 15th century. Prior to the Protestant Reformation it was named for St. Vitus. It is one of the oldest surviving churches in The Netherlands, having had the good fortune to survive the Spanish invasion of 1572 and the subsequent burning of the town. The church has numerous wooden vaults that are painted with scenes from the Old and New Testaments. These were hidden for many years and were only rediscovered in a recent restoration. The church is the venue for a number of cultural activities such as organ music nights and the bi-annual Naarden Photo festival.
The Spanish House (Spaanse Huis), situated at Turfpoortstraat 27, was originally a church building converted to house migrants. In 1572 Spanish troops conducted a massacre of some 700 inhabitants who had gathered to hear a peace proposal. The Spanish then fired on the assembled citizens, and went on to set fire to the town. A plaque above the lintel of the door and below the eaves commemorates the massacre. In 1615, after the population had reestablished itself, they built the city hall on the site. Part of the building was given over to De Waag (The Scales House), the municipal office entrusted with the verification of weights and measures. The building later served a French garrison as a bakery, turning out over 1000 loaves per day. From 1967 until 1992 it served as the Comenius museum. Today, the historic building serves as the Weegschaal Museum.
Naarden is also the place where John Amos Comenius is buried in a mausoleum on Klooster straat. This place receives many visitors from Czechia, where he was born. Comenius is known as the inventor of our school system with grades and different classes. [circular reference][which?]
- Nordin Amrabat (born 1987), football player
- Willem Arondeus (1894–1943), professional artist, author and Dutch Resistance member
- Tom Coronel (born 1972), racing driver
- Maarten de Bruijn (born 1965), product designer
- Annemarie Groen (born 1955), backstroke swimmer
- Egbert Haverkamp-Begemann (born 1923), art historian
- Tom van 't Hek (born 1958), field hockey player and coach
- Frank Martin (1890–1974), Swiss composer who lived in Naarden from 1954
- Bertil Schmüll (born 1946), engraver
- Salomon van Ruysdael (~1602–1670), painter
- Jacob Spiers (born 1987), anthropologist and professional jump rope athlete
- "Postcodetool for 1411EC". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten 2021". Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
- "Five Dutch fortresses straight out of a fairy tale". I Amsterdam. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
- "Contact information Archived 2012-01-16 at the Wayback Machine." Stork B.V. Retrieved on 10 January 2012. "Stork Head office Stork B.V. Amersfoortsestraatweg 7 1412 KA NAARDEN".
- John Amos Comenius