Na mele paleoleo

Nā mele paleoleo (sometimes "mele paleoleo") is a contemporary form of Hawaiian music that cuts and mixes American hip hop with Hawaiian rapping.[1] Known as a form of Hawaiian performance poetry, spoken-word performers of na mele paleoleo are gaining popularity due to rap and hip hop influences.[2] The first group to perform nā mele paleoleo was Sudden Rush in 1993.[1] The term itself means "songs that speak loudly and angrily".[3]


  1. ^ a b Akindes, Fay Yokomizo. (March 31, 2001) Discourse Sudden Rush: Na Mele Paleoleo (Hawaiian Rap) as Liberatory Discourse. Volume 23; Issue 1; Page 82.
  2. ^ Ho'omanawanui, Ku'ualoha. (January 1, 2005) The Contemporary Pacific He Lei Ho'oheno no na Kau a Kau: Language, Performance, and Form in Hawaiian Poetry. Volume 17; Issue 1; Page 29.
  3. ^ Osumare, Halifu (2007). The Africanist Aesthetic in Global Hip-Hop: Power Moves. Springer. p. 143. ISBN 978-1-137-05964-2.