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The Stadsgewestelijk Materieel or SGM (English - Suburban Equipment or City Regional rolling stock) is an electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by the Dutch railway company Nederlandse Spoorwegen. They were built from 1975 to 1983 by Talbot.
|NS Class 2100 / 2900|
Sprinter Unit 2983 at Deventer
|In service||1975 – present|
|Formation||2 cars (2100) |
3 cars (2900)
|Capacity||2100 - 32 (1st), 126 (2nd) |
2900 - 40 (1st), 184 (2nd)
|Maximum speed||125 km/h (78 mph)|
|Power output||1,280 kW (1,720 hp)|
|Electric system(s)||1.5 kV DC Catenary|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
- Stadsgewestelijk Materieel (SGM)
- Plan Y
- Mat '74/Materieel 1974
The trains have fast acceleration as distances between stations were short, so they needed to be able to speed up and brake quickly. The original idea was for them to be able to operate on the Amsterdam Metro network, so third rail would be needed as well as overhead pick-up, however in 1969 this idea was dropped. Their maximum speed is 125 km/h. The two-car units could accelerate from 0–125 km/h in 72 seconds. Each coach has 3 doors on each side, to allow for quick loading and unloading.
First generation (SGM-0)Edit
The first batch of 15 were delivered between March and November 1975 and were numbered 2001 - 2015. These were delivered at the same time as the last batches of Plan V stock. These are 2 car units. These were to be used on the Zoetermeer Stadslijn and so did not feature first class, a toilet or a gangway between each coach. 2014 and 2015 were built with different electric traction, but their trial was unsuccessful and so the units were stored for many years, until 2000 when they were fitted with Insulated-gate bipolar transistor.
Second generation (SGM-1)Edit
A total of 60 were ordered in 1977 and started being delivered in September 1978 and finished in 1980. These were numbered 2021 - 2080. These were all delivered as 2 car units. These featured a toilet and a gangway. In 1983 2036 - 2080 were strengthened up to three-car units, with the middle coach featuring a first class section. These were renumbered 2836 - 2880 at the same time.
Third generation (SGM-2)Edit
These were delivered in 1983 directly as three-car units. They were numbered 2881 - 2895. When these were delivered there were 30 two-car units and 60 three-car units.
2027 and 2029 were converted to Spitspendels in 1994. These were used between Rotterdam Centraal and Vlaardingen during the rush hours. During their rebuilding, it was attempted to make the entry and exit faster and to increase the capacity in the train. Many seats were changed to tip up seats and the first class was removed. 2027 also was given an all over advert for the Algemeen Dagblad newspaper.
Because in the 1990s the Intercity from Zandvoort aan Zee to Maastricht and Heerlen were too long for the platforms in Overveen and Zandvoort, this service was cut back to Haarlem in late 1995. Two sprinters SGM-II (2026 and 2028) were then dedicated to the service between Haarlem and Zandvoort. These were given branding saying «Strandsprinter» and beach balls along the outside.
In 1997 all the two-car units (2001–2015, 2021–2035) were named Stadspendels and operated on the Zoetermeer Stadslijn and the Hofpleinlijn. The name was soon changed to Citypendel. More seats and the entire first class were removed to create more standing room, giving a more metro-like appearance, and so these trains gained the nickname standing trains. The livery was changed to fully yellow, including the doors, and without adverts. The trains are made for one man operation and for this had mirrors fitted, so the driver could see the platform. Some sets also featured CCTV cameras.
Between November 1994 and April 1995 unit 2008 was converted specially for operation of a night service on the Zoetermeer Stadslijn. The service was not a success, largely due to the lack of a toilet on board.
The modernisations of the sprinter (SGMm)Edit
The interior was completely renewed, with the partitions between each section is now made of glass. The ceiling is now gray and white, the floor is a dark gray with sparkly floors. The middle coach also gained extra doors, so that each coach has the same number of doors. The traction system was also changed, so that the trains can accelerate faster. The conductor's room has also disappeared, allowing for more second class seats. The trains now have an automatic passenger information system, which announces the next station. Scrolling along the screen it shows all the stations called at as well as arrival times. The outside doors shut automatically if nobody has passed through them for a certain amount of time. On the outside of the train, the destination indicators also change, displaying their final destination and their next station. All sets also have new numbers, which are 100 more than previously e.g. 2936 was 2836. The livery also changed. The base colour is white, with blue and yellow. There is a blue bottom, then a yellow section, including yellow doors, then white with blue window surrounds and a blue roof and around the cab windows. This livery is known as vlaflip (after a type of two-tone pudding). In 2006 two Citypendel sets also went to Randers, to see if it was worthwhile to refurbish these also. It was decided they should and in 2007 the first set left for refurbishment and finished in 2009. These were renumbered with 110 added onto the original numbers e.g. 2001 is now 2111. These sets now have gangways between coaches as well as a first class area. Energy usage was also reduced by 25% at this time.
- On 4 May 1976 sets 2001 and 2008 were involved in a collision with NS 1311, at the time hauling a D-train to Hoek van Holland in Schiedam, Rotterdam. Twenty-four people died and a new coach had to be built for 2008 by Talbot for 1.5 million Euros.
- On 15 September 1980 the swing bridge in Vlaardingen was not fully shut when 2049 crossed the bridge at a low speed. The train derailed and fell off the bridge, but did not land in the water. The set was out of use for 1 year.
- On 27 December 1980 2057 crashed into a works train for the Schiphollijn in Warmond. The train suffered accident damage.
- On 13 December 2003 2869 did not stop in time at the terminus station of Den Haag Centraal and continued into a shop in the station hall.
- On 15 December 2007 an empty unit continued through a buffer and derailed at Amsterdam Zuid.
- On 21 May 2009 2 people died in Teuge (between Apeldoorn and Deventer) by an unmonitored level crossing. The unit is not in operation at present.
- On 14 December 2016, a Sprinter was evacuated at Amsterdam Sloterdijk due to a fire in a toilet. Arson is suspected.
Changes for CitypendelsEdit
When the Zoetermeer Stadslijn and Hofpleinlijn were converted to RandstadRail in 2006, Citypendels were no longer used here. They were used on peak hour services until refurbishment. Now they are used together with the three-car sprinter sets.
- Plan Y1 - 2111 - 2125
- Plan Y2 - 2131 - 2145
- Plan Y2 - 2936 - 2980
- Plan Y3 - 2981 - 2995
The SGM's are regularly used on these services in the current timetable (2018). They can sometimes appear on other services.
|4700||Sprinter||Uitgeest - Zaandam - Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Amsterdam Centraal||SGM, SLT||This train will continue as 7400 to Rhenen. Does not operate on the weekends.|
|4800||Sprinter||Amsterdam Centraal - Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Haarlem - Beverwijk - Uitgeest - Alkmaar - Hoorn||SGM|
|5000||Sprinter||Den Haag Centraal - Den Haag HS - Delft - Schiedam Centrum - Rotterdam Centraal - Rotterdam Blaak - Dordrecht||SGM||Does not operate on the weekends.|
|5100||Sprinter||Den Haag Centraal - Den Haag HS - Delft - Schiedam Centrum - Rotterdam Centraal - Rotterdam Blaak - Dordrecht||SGM|
|5400||Sprinter||Amsterdam Centraal - Amsterdam Sloterdijk - Haarlem - Zandvoort aan Zee||SGM|
|5500||Sprinter||Utrecht Centraal - Utrecht Overvecht - Baarn||SGM|
|6300||Sprinter||Haarlem - Heemstede-Aerdenhout - Leiden Centraal - Den Haag Laan van NOI - Den Haag Centraal||SGM||This train only travels to Den Haag Centraal by weekday until 8:00 pm.|
|7000||Sprinter||Apeldoorn - Deventer - Almelo - Hengelo - Enschede||SGM, DD-AR||This train only travels to Enschede during rush hours.|
|7300||Sprinter||Breukelen - Utrecht Centraal - Driebergen-Zeist - Veenendaal Centrum - Rhenen||SGM||This train only drives during rush hours, in the evenings & weekends. During the evenings & weekends this train travels to Rhenen.|
|7400||Sprinter||Amsterdam Centraal - Amsterdam Amstel - Amsterdam Bijlmer ArenA - Breukelen - Utrecht Centraal - Driebergen-Zeist - Rhenen||SGM, SLT||This train only travels to Amsterdam Centraal by weekday until 8:00 pm. At Amsterdam Centraal, this train will continue as 4700 to Uitgeest.|
|7600||Sprinter||Wijchen - Nijmegen - Elst - Arnhem Centraal - Dieren - Zutphen -||SGM, FLIRT||This train only travels to Wijchen by weekday and Saturdays until 8:00 pm. Sundays and after 9:00 pm, there is only 1 train per hour between Arnhem Centraal and Zutphen.|
- "Trein vat vlam in Amsterdam: mogelijk sprake van opzet" [Train catches fire in Amsterdam: cause possibly intentional]. Amsterdam: De Telegraaf. 14 December 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
- Media related to SGM at Wikimedia Commons