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The NSV (Russian НСВ Никитина-Соколова-Волкова), also known as the «Utyos» (Project: Lonely Cliff), is a 12.7mm caliber heavy machine gun of Soviet origin, named after the designers, G. I. Nikitin (Г. И. Никитин), Y. S. Sokolov (Ю. М. Соколов) and V. I. Volkov (В. И. Волков). It was designed to replace the DShK machine gun and was adopted by the Soviet Army in 1971. It is no longer being produced in Russia; the manufacturing license for the NSV ended up in Kazakhstan after the break-up of the Soviet Union. The NSV has been manufactured in Bulgaria, India, Poland and Yugoslavia under license.

NSV
NSV machine gun on 6T7 mount - RaceofHeroes-part2-10.jpg
NSV heavy machine gun
TypeHeavy machine gun
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
In service1971–present
Used bySee Users
WarsVietnam War
Soviet–Afghan War
Nagorno-Karabakh War
Gulf War
Afghan Civil War
War in Afghanistan
Lebanese Civil War
Iraq War
2008 South Ossetia war
Iraq War
Syrian Civil War
Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017)
War in Donbass[1]
Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)
Production history
DesignerG.I. Nikitin, Y.S. Sokolov, V.I. Volkov
DesignedCentral Design Bureau of Sports and Hunting Weaponry, Tula, 1969
Manufacturer"Metallist", Uralsk, Kazakh SSR, Crvena ZastavaSerbia
Produced1971–present
VariantsNSVT
Specifications
Mass25 kg (55.12 lb) (gun only)
41 kg (90.39 lb) on tripod
11 kg (24.25 lb) (50-round belt)
Length1,560 mm (61.4 in)

Cartridge12.7×108mm
Caliber12.7 mm
ActionGas-operated
Rate of fire700–800 rounds/min
Muzzle velocity845 m/s (2,772 ft/s)
Effective firing range1500 m vs. air (maximum)
2000 m vs. ground targets
Feed system50-round belt
SightsIron sights

The NSV weighs 25 kg (55 lb), has a rate of fire of 700–800 rounds per minute, and an effective range from 1,500 m (1,600 yd) to 2,000 m (2,200 yd) against airborne and ground targets, respectively. A loaded ammunition belt with 50 rounds weighs 11 kg (24 lb).[2]

The NSVT version is used on the T-72,[3] T-64[4] and T-80[5] tanks.

The new Kord machine gun has replaced worn-out NSVs.[6]

HistoryEdit

The Soviet Army began looking for a new heavy machine gun to replace its older SGM and DShK machine guns in the early 1950s. The Soviet Army liked the idea behind the German MG 42; a versatile weapon used on a variety of mounts to perform many different roles. Two Soviet weapon designers were asked to design one weapon each utilizing the same principle.

Testing approved Mikhail Kalashnikov's solution; it was found to be more reliable and cheaper to manufacture than the design of Grigory Nikitin and Yuri Sokolov. Kalashnikov's machine gun became the new standard machine gun, and was named PK.

Nikitin's and Sokolov's design was however not forgotten. It was developed into the heavy NSV machine gun about 10 years later and selected in 1969 as the successor to the DShK/DShKM machine gun. It was accepted in service by the Soviet Army in 1971. The machine gun was also license-manufactured in Bulgaria, India, Yugoslavia and Poland. The Yugoslavian version of the NSVT is called the M87.

Production of the NSV has ended in Russia, and it is currently being replaced by the Kord heavy machine gun. The Russian Army needed a more accurate heavy machine gun, and it has also been increasingly difficult to get hold of spare parts. NSV production was located in Ukraine and in Kazakhstan and was disrupted by the end of the Soviet Union.

Use in FinlandEdit

The NSV is called 12,7 Itkk 96 or 12,7 ilmatorjuntakonekivääri 96 (12,7 anti-aircraft machine gun 96) in Finland. It is often used as a vehicle-mounted machine gun, and can be seen on the Pasi armoured personnel carrier, the Nasu transport vehicle and the Leopard 2R tank.

Due to its high rate of fire, the NSV is intended to be used as a close-range anti-aircraft weapon against helicopters, UAVs and aircraft. In dismounted ground combat it is placed on a special mount.

The Finnish Navy also uses the NSV in the anti-aircraft role, where it complements other unguided anti-aircraft weapons like the 23 ITK 95, Bofors 40 Mk3 or Bofors 57 Mk2 and Mk3.

VariantsEdit

  •   Soviet Union NSVS-12.7 (Russian > Nikitina-Sokolova-Volkova Stankovy 12.7 = "NSV-designed mounted 12.7mm machinegun"): Used on tripod mount.
  •   Soviet Union NSVT-12.7 (Russian > Nikitina-Sokolova-Volkova Tankovy 12.7 = "NSV-designed coaxial 12.7mm machinegun"): Used on T-72 and T-80 main battle tanks.
  •   Finland 12.7 Itkk 96: Finnish designation. Guns acquired from Soviet Union, Russia and Germany. [7]
  •   Serbia M87 NSVT: Serbian license built version by Zastava Arms. The M87 has seen use with the armies of the former Yugoslav states.
  •   Poland NSW: Polish version, license built NSV.
  •   Poland WKM-B: Polish version adapted for NATO-standard .50 BMG ammunition.
  •   Ukraine KT-12.7: Ukrainian version.
  •   Bulgaria MG-U: Bulgarian version
 
Polish NSW on an anti-aircraft mount

UsersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Koll, Christian (2009). Soviet Cannon: A Comprehensive Study of Soviet Arms and Ammunition in Calibres 12.7mm to 57mm. Austria: Koll. p. 67. ISBN 978-3-200-01445-9.
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